How to install and configure various software on Debian. Step by step.
- Debian Services
- Debian Configuration
- Debian User Configuration
- Laptop and Debian
- Useful Debian Programs
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- Install Ftp Server ("Very secure ftp server")
aptitude update aptitude install vsftpd
- Ftp server has been installed
- Now configure your server
- Edit /etc/vsftpd.conf
[Optional] Disable Anonymous account by finding the line that says anonymous_enable=YES and make it
- [Optional] Allow Write access (upload access). Find and uncomment the following line:
[Optional] Add you banner when people log in. Find and uncomment this #ftpd_banner=Welcome to blah FTP service. line and make it:
ftpd_banner=Welcome to example.com FTP service. Enjoy.
- [Optional] Allow local users to log in. Uncomment the following line:
VMware Server On Debian
- A very good how-to which didn't require from me any additional configuration to install vmware on Debian and then Windows XP as a guest OS is here:
See VMware article.
VMware Kernel Upgrade
- On an upgrade when your kernel has been updated you need to download the kernel headers and reconfigure vmware.
aptitude update aptitude install linux-headers-$(uname -r) /usr/bin/vmware-config.pl
VMware on amd64
- In order to install vmware on amd64 you have to install few extra libs:
aptitude install linux-headers-`uname -r` libx11-6 libx11-dev x-window-system-core x-window-system xspecs libxtst6 psmisc build-essential ia32-libs
Change from dhcp to static ip
- edit /etc/network/interfaces
- comment the line that says "iface eth0 inet dhcp" and below type:
iface eth0 inet static [tab]address 192.168.1.200 [tab]network 192.168.1.0 [tab]netmask 255.255.255.0 [tab]broadcast 192.168.1.255 [tab]gateway 192.168.1.1 [tab]dns-nameservers 192.168.1.1
- Your file should look like:
#iface eth0 inet dhcp iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.1.200 network 192.168.1.0 dns-nameservers 192.168.1.1 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.1.255 gateway 192.168.1.1
iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.5.200 network 192.168.5.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.5.255 gateway 192.168.5.254 dns-nameservers 192.168.5.254
- Svn is a software that manages any type of data. It monitors its changes, lets you update them, and if something went wrong you can go back to previous version with no problems.
- Let's install it on Debian:
apt-cache search svn aptitude install subversion
- Subversion is installed
The story goes like this: I have a project I am working on. It is located at
- This folder includes
- I keep my working files in trunk. I want it in subversion now!
- We need to tell subversion where it can store its repositories:
- It will be in
- Now create repository directory:
svnadmin create /usr/local/src/my_best_project
- Now I am going to import my_best_project to svn
svn import /home/lucas/my_best_project file:///usr/local/src/my_best_project -m "initial import"
Folder /home/lucas/my_best_project is not important anymore. SVN is not concerned what you are going to do with it.
Now we need to start working with subversion and we do that by creating a folder where we can work on my best project with subversion. It will be in /home/lucas/new_folder/ We need to go to that folder. And from that folder we issue command:
svn checkout file:///usr/local/src/my_best_project
- Now it created
- This folder contains files I kept in a trunk. I can now work on it and let svn take care the version tracking.
- Optional, you could use subversion over ssh. You need to install subversion on your computer and then:
svn co svn+ssh://your.remote-server.com/usr/local/src/my_best_project
- Done. Now its time to make that tool great.
Mount Windows Share
- You need to have smbfs installed. If you don't do this:
aptitude update aptitude install smbfs
- To mount Windows share drive you need to create a folder:
- As root or with root privileges ("su root" or "sudo")
mount -t smbfs -o username=administrator,password=password //windowsservername/folder /home/lucas/somefolder
If you don't want the password to show up you could do
mount -t smbfs -o username=administrator //windowsservername/folder /home/lucas/somefolder
[Optional] You can replace administrator with your username. You can also replace windowsservername with ip address //192.168.1.10/folder ....
Add a network card
- See if your card is in a list.
- Add a network card by a hardware number. Replace 00:00:..:00 with your hardware number. It should be 16 characters.
ifconfig eth1 hw ether 00:00:..:00 uo
- If sudo command is not installed, install it.
aptitude update aptitude install sudo
- Then run visudo
Copy root ALL=(ALL) ALL and paste it right below. Then change root to your user name on the pasted line.
yourusername ALL=(ALL) ALL
Disable ssh root access
Edit the sshd_config file
On a line where you see "Permit root login" change it to no
- Restart or reload ssh
- This will prevent other users from trying to get guess your password. 100s of lines on your system that look:
Security Events =-=-=-=-=-=-=-= Feb 5 07:21:15 localhost sshd: Failed password for root from xx.xx.xx.xx port 60618 ssh2 Feb 5 07:21:15 localhost sshd: Failed password for root from xx.xx.xx.xx port 60637 ssh2
AWStats on Debian
- Install AWStats
apt update apt install awstats
- Configure the apache2 for awstats - copy configuration file for apache2.
cp /usr/share/doc/awstats/examples/apache.conf /etc/apache2/conf-available/awstats.conf
Then edit /etc/awstats/awstats.conf file and make sure the file contains (double check the log file path)
LogFile="/var/log/apache2/access.log" SiteDomain="mysite.org" LogFormat=1
- Enable awstats and reload apache
a2enconf awstats service apache2 restart
- Generate stats
- And visit:
To make it easier to remember the address you can edit /etc/apache2/conf-available/awstats.conf and add this line.
RedirectMatch ^/logs /cgi-bin/awstats.pl?config=awstat.conf
- Now you can access the awstats statistics by going to
- Install odbc, and mssql drivers (tdsodbc)
aptitude update aptitude install tdsodbc unixodbc
- Create a driver template.
- Inside add :
[TDS] Description = FreeTDS Driver for Linux & MSSQL on Win32 Driver = /usr/lib/odbc/libtdsodbc.so Setup = /usr/lib/odbc/libtdsS.so
- Now dsn file:
- And inside add:
[DSN_NAME] Description = Descripton of you DSN connection. Driver = TDS Trace = No Database = DefaultDatabase [replace with your database name] Server = mysqlserver.inter.net [replace with your SQL server's host,ip] Port = 1433 [replace with the port that SQL is listening on]
- OR If you are using mssql with multiple instances and dynamic port allocation you can use the following:
[SQLServer2008] Description = Production Server Driver = TDS Trace = No Server = servername\instance_name TDS_Version = 8.0
- Now run this command to add your driver to unixodbc
odbcinst -i -d -f /etc/freetds/tds.driver.template
- Now you add dsn. You have 2 options.
- Add system DSN for all users
odbcinst -i -s -l -f /etc/freetds/tds.dsn.template
- Add dsn to a user your are running a command on:
odbcinst -i -s -f /etc/freetds/tds.dsn.template
- Now test your connection:
isql -v DSN_NAME username password
- You should get something like
********************************************** * unixODBC - isql * ********************************************** * Syntax * * * . . . more .
- If you can not connect it is probable that your database is listening on a different port.
- Try this:
telnet myserver 1433
- You should see something like:
Trying 10.3.3.10... Connected to myserver. Escape character is '^]'.
type quit to exit. Replace 1433 with a port number, replace myserver with your servers name.
If you still get connection refused try telnet from Windows and see if you get same answer.
As of October 1st 2007 apt installs recomended packages as well.
- If you would like to view packages from other distrubutions, (testing, unstable)
- Create a file
- And inside put these lines. Change the Pin-Priority to reflect your default install.
- If you are using Debian testing make sure testing has the bigger number.
- This file will install only from the highest pin but it will show you if the package is available in testing or unstable
Package: * Pin: release a=stable Pin-Priority: 600 Package: * Pin: release a=testing Pin-Priority: 450 Package: * Pin: release a=unstable Pin-Priority: 400
Now add testing and unstable to /etc/apt/source.list by coping and paste deb and deb-src lines and change stable to testing, and then again stable to unstable.
- Update list
Debian User Configuration
Change default editor
- Install your editor
aptitude update aptitude install vim
- Run configuration change
update-alternatives --config editor
- From a list pick your editor. And you are done.
Change default pdf viewer
- Install your pdf viewer
- Click right mouse button on a pdf file
Change: 'Properties -> Open with' to your favorite pdf viewer.
Check installed browser plugins
- Input "about:plugins" into URL of browser
Laptop and Debian
Authenticate with wpa using PSK TKIP
- Install wpasupplicant
aptitude update aptitude install wpasupplicant
- Open /etc/network/interfaces
- If you see "iface eth2..." add the following lines, but change ssid and password:
iface eth2 inet dhcp wpa-ssid thisismynetworkname wpa-psk thisismypassword
- Exit, and now type:
- Done. If you want you your wireless card to connect each time you boot your computer add this above "iface eth2.."
Done. [Optional](see the WPA page for status on wpa support in Debian)
Intel Graphic card - Higher resolution
- Install 915resolution
aptitude install 915resolution
- See what resolutions are available
If the resolution you desire is not listed you will need to dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg and add new resolutions.
- For example (using mode 5c (1920x1440):
sudo 915resolution 5c 1280 800 24
SSH terminal connection timeout
- If you get an error:
Read from remote host example.com: Connection reset by peer Connection to example.com closed
- Edit /etc/ssh/sshd_config and add:
Dynamic MMap ran out of room
- If you see an error like:
Reading package lists... Error! E: Dynamic MMap ran out of room E: Error occurred while processing vlc (NewVersion1)
apt-get update -o APT::Cache-Limit=25165824
Useful Debian Programs
* Digikam, for all your digital camera needs
aptitude update aptitude install digikam
Players and Viewers
How to Remote connect to Windows
- You can connect to Microsoft Windows Remote Connection via rdesktop
- Install rdesktop
aptitude update aptitude install rdesktop
- Then you can start rdesktop or from a command line