Thread available [http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2006/07/msg00008.html here]
elilo does not work (Bug: [http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=376002 #376002])
- rEFIt package is available (in Debian unstable)
Debian Etch on a MacBook HOWTO (triple-boot) at:
Boot process described is rEFIt to LILO to Linux (as discussed in above-linked thread.)
Relevant information elsewhere on this wiki: MacMiniIntel
Partitioning (via OS X)
Before being able to install Debian, you need to repartition the disk; supposing you want to reserve 20Gb for your OS X partition, run the following command from a terminal (Applications -> Utility -> Terminal):
Mac OS X $ sudo diskutil resizevolume disk0s2 20G Started resizing on disk disk0s2 Macintosh HD Verifying Resizing Volume Adjusting Partitions Finished resizing on disk disk0s2 Macintosh HD WARNING: You must now reboot!
Support for the resizevolume verb was added in Mac OS X 10.4.6. If you have an earlier version, you'll need to upgrade.
Preparing to dual boot (via OS X): rEFIt
Now [http://refit.sourceforge.net/ Download] and install rEFIt (the following example is done with disk image):
sudo cp -r /Volumes/rEFIt/efi /efi cd /efi/refit ./enable.sh
it's now possible to proceed installing Debian. In the installation process, before installing the lilo bootloader you need to fix the partition table via gptsync either using the shell tool provided with rEFIt or, later on during the installation, using the [http://packages.debian.org/unstable/admin/refit refit Debian package].
To run gptsync from the shell tool, just reboot and press enter on the terminal icon ("start EFI shell"):
Grab and burn an image from the [http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ d-i website]; for example a daily [http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/daily-builds/daily/arch-latest/i386/iso-cd/debian-testing-i386-netinst.iso netinst]
Boot from the CD (hold down C while booting) and proceed with installation; when asked to reboot on the installed system, go to the second console (CTRL-ALT-F2) and chroot on the debian partition:
$ chroot /target /bin/bash
This can be necessary for example because you will need to run gptsync, and debian-installer being the daily image may need some random workarounds.
Your kernel must have support for the Yukon Gigabit Ethernet driver known as sky2. See [http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=378521 #378521]
apt-get install madwifi-source madwifi-tools module-assistant
# m-a prepare # m-a a-i madwifi # depmod -a # modprobe ath_pci
See [http://madwifi.org/wiki/UserDocs/Distro/Debian/MadWifing madwifi wiki] for more details.
Configure right apple key to alt-gr adding the "?XkbOptions" line below
Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Generic Keyboard" Driver "kbd" Option "CoreKeyboard" Option "XkbRules" "xorg" Option "XkbModel" "pc105" Option "XkbLayout" "it" Option "XkbOptions" "lv3:rwin_switch" EndSection
[http://www.webalice.it/zinosat/macbook/macbook_kb.jpg Italian keyboard]
[http://flickr.com/photos/brianwc/151797592/ U.S keyboard]
Alternatively you can work around with xmodmap and xkbset. xkbset is useful for emulating mouse buttons with keyboard.
xmodmap -e "keycode 115 = Alt_L" xmodmap -e "keycode 116 = Zenkaku_Hankaku" # right-apple xmodmap -e "keycode 108 = Pointer_Button3" # KP-ENTER xmodmap -e "keycode 204 = Pointer_Button2" # eject xkbset m
Has anyone made the fn key work? I can't so to get Page Up and Down I use:
xmodmap -e "keycode 116 = Page_Up" # Right-Apple xmodmap -e "keycode 108 = Page_Down" # KP-Enter
[http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=379789 #379789] has been filed to track down a problem with keymap
The video chipset shipped with Macbook is 945GM; to get video to work properly, you need to adjust the resolution using the [http://packages.debian.org/unstable/x11/915resolution 915resolution] package
apt-get install 915resolution 915resolution -c 945 54 1280 800
then edit /etc/default/915resolution
# # 915resolution default # # find free modes by /usr/sbin/915resolution -l # and set it to MODE # e.g. use MODE=54 MODE=54 # # and set resolutions for the mode. # e.g. use XRESO=1024 and YRESO=768 XRESO=1280 YRESO=800 # # We can also set the pixel mode. # e.g. use BIT=32 # Please note that this is optional, # you can also leave this value blank. BIT=32
Adjust the Monitor section of /etc/X11/xorg.conf
Section "Monitor" Identifier "Color LCD" Option "DPMS" HorizSync 28-64 VertRefresh 43-60 Modeline "1280x800@60" 83.91 1280 1312 1624 1656 800 816 824 841 EndSection
and make sure the Screen sections uses "1280x800" as default resolution in the Modes lines and finally
See also an [http://sourceforge.net/mailarchive/forum.php?thread_id=20229481&forum_id=47881 xorg.conf file] which enables use of an external monitor.
ALSA driver snd_hda_intel seems to work for playback as of 2.6.18-rc1.
With kernel 2.6.16-2 and 2.6.17-1 available in the Debian archives, no sound comes out of the speakers.
CPU frequency scaling is governed by CPUFREQ_CENTRINO kernel module. Enable that module, and install cpufreq package for CPU frequency scaling.
usual EHCI, UHCI stuff
infra red receiver
Just usual HID device, kernel patch available as of 2006-07-17.
Sample userland utility implementation http://www.netfort.gr.jp/~dancer/diary/junk2006/20060712-usb-macbook-ir.c
iSight works with linux-uvc drivers with patches. It is installable with
# apt-get install linux-uvc-source linux-uvc-modules
Once source and tools are installed, then:
# m-a prepare # m-a a-i linux-uvc # mount -t hfsplus /dev/sda2 /mnt/mac/ # macbook-isight-firmware-loader /mnt/mac/System/Library/Extensions/IOUSBFamily.kext/Contents/PlugIns/AppleUSBVideoSupport.kext/Contents/MacOS/AppleUSBVideoSupport # modprobe uvcvideo
Test it with ekiga.
# apt-get install ekiga libpt-plugins-v4l2 $ ekiga
MacBook contains the 82801G (ICH7 Family) and [http://www.lm-sensors.org/wiki/SupportedDevices ICH7 is supported by lm_sensors since sensors 2.9.0] by the [http://www.lm-sensors.org/browser/lm-sensors/trunk/doc/busses/i2c-i801 i2c-i801 kernel driver] which has been in the kernel since 2.6.11.
# sensors-detect revision 1.413 (2006/01/19 20:28:00) ... Probing for PCI bus adapters... Use driver `i2c-i801' for device 00:1f.3: Intel ICH7 Probe succesfully concluded. We will now try to load each adapter module in turn. Module `i2c-i801' already loaded. If you have undetectable or unsupported adapters, you can have them scanned by manually loading the modules before running this script. To continue, we need module `i2c-dev' to be loaded. If it is built-in into your kernel, you can safely skip this. i2c-dev is not loaded. Do you want to load it now? (YES/no): yes Module loaded succesfully. We are now going to do the adapter probings. Some adapters may hang halfway through; we can't really help that. Also, some chips will be double detected; we choose the one with the highest confidence value in that case. If you found that the adapter hung after probing a certain address, you can specify that address to remain unprobed. That often includes address 0x69 (clock chip). Next adapter: SMBus I801 adapter at efa0 Do you want to scan it? (YES/no/selectively): Client found at address 0x08 Client found at address 0x38 Probing for `Philips Semiconductors SAA1064'... Failed! Client found at address 0x3a Probing for `Philips Semiconductors SAA1064'... Failed! Client found at address 0x44 Probing for `Maxim MAX6633/MAX6634/MAX6635'... Failed! Client found at address 0x50 Probing for `SPD EEPROM'... Success! (confidence 8, driver `eeprom') Probing for `DDC monitor'... Failed! Probing for `Maxim MAX6900'... Failed! Client found at address 0x52 Probing for `SPD EEPROM'... Success! (confidence 8, driver `eeprom') Client found at address 0x69 .... Driver `eeprom' (should be inserted): Detects correctly: * Bus `SMBus I801 adapter at efa0' Busdriver `i2c-i801', I2C address 0x50 Chip `SPD EEPROM' (confidence: 8) * Bus `SMBus I801 adapter at efa0' Busdriver `i2c-i801', I2C address 0x52 Chip `SPD EEPROM' (confidence: 8) I will now generate the commands needed to load the I2C modules. To make the sensors modules behave correctly, add these lines to /etc/modules: #----cut here---- # I2C adapter drivers i2c-i801 # I2C chip drivers eeprom #----cut here---- # uname -a Linux coreduo 2.6.18-rc1dancer #2 SMP Sun Jul 9 09:57:01 JST 2006 i686 GNU/Linux
Devices to be confirmed
- Server irc.oftc.net, channel #mactel-linux
http://tokyodebian.alioth.debian.org/2006-07.html for Japanese instructions