The MIDI standard is about signals in a cable. Many musical instruments understand those signals and can communicate through them. The computer can act as a musical instrument, and join the conversation.
There is also a standard midi file format, which describes files containing the same signals. Below is an explanation on how to enable your computer to play such files. MidiHardware describes a method to enable your musical instruments to connect to the computer and be recognised.
The MIME types are
and the file extensions
Store a midi file in your home directory. Open Nautilus and right click in the midi file. Select "Open with" (other application) or in Properties go to "Open with". Select Timidity in /usr/bin. Appears the text:
Change it to
Now, every time you click in a midi file, timidity is going to play it.
You can use a similar procedure for *.kar (open karaoke) files.
Go to Edit / Preferences / Advanced and in "System preferences" mark the box "Use the system preferences" (if you have Timidity installed in your GNOME system).
- jackd can work with MIDI data as well as audio.
http://linuxgazette.net/issue15/midi.html - Linux and MIDI: In the beginning...
http://pkl.net/~node/software/alsa-patch-bay/ - ALSA Patch Bay
http://www.kibosh.org/pykaraoke - PyKaraoke: MIDI/CDG Karaoke player for Linux
http://www.4front-tech.com/ossapps.html#midi - Applications for Open Sound System: MIDI Tools and Players
http://unixmidiplugin.tripod.com/midiSamplePage.html - MIDI test page