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~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[fr/Midi|Français]] - [[it/MIDI|Italiano]] -~ ~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[fr/MIDI|Français]] - [[it/MIDI|Italiano]] -~

Translation(s): English - Français - Italiano

  • MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a standard communication protocol thats connects a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related Sound devices for playing, editing and recording music. A single MIDI link through a MIDI cable can carry up to sixteen channels of information, each of which can be routed to a separate device or instrument. This could be sixteen different digital instruments, for example.


For a full list of MIDI software, see the Multimedia page.

MIDI file MIME types are audio/x-midi, audio/x-mid, and audio/midi. The file extensions are .mid, .midi.

Timidity is a MIDI and Karaoke (.kar) player. Install the timidity and timidity-interfaces-extra packages, and run the program with the interface of your choice:

timidity -ia #text interface
timidity -ig #gtk interface
timidity -ik #tcl/tk interface

The fluid-soundfont-gs fluid-soundfont-gm vlc-plugin-fluidsynth packages allow you to play MIDI files in any Gstreamer-based media player or VLC. Right-click a .mid or .kar file in your FileManager, Open with..., select the /usr/bin/timidy program, and change its command line to '/usr/bin/timidity' -ia


See the MidiHardware page to connect a musical instrument to your computer using MIDI.

MIDI systems

MIDI playback and recording is supported by the following systems and sound servers:

CategorySound CategoryFileFormat