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||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[it/MIDI|Italiano]] -~||<style="text-align: right;border: 0px hidden"> (!) [[/Discussion|Discussion]]||
----
[[Sound]]
----
The [[MIME]] types are
~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[fr/MIDI|Français]] - [[it/MIDI|Italiano]] -~
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 * audio/x-midi
 * audio/x-mid
 * audio/midi
 . '''[[WikiPedia:MIDI|MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface)]]''' is a standard communication protocol thats connects a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related '''[[Sound]]''' devices for playing, editing and recording music. A single MIDI link through a MIDI cable can carry up to sixteen channels of information, each of which can be routed to a separate device or instrument. This could be sixteen different digital instruments, for example.
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and the file extensions
<<TableOfContents(2)>>

== Software ==

'''For a full list of MIDI software, see the [[Multimedia]] page.'''

MIDI file [[MIME]] types are {{{audio/x-midi}}}, {{{audio/x-mid}}}, and {{{audio/midi}}}. The file extensions are {{{.mid}}}, {{{.midi}}}.


[[http://timidity.sourceforge.net/|Timidity]] is a MIDI and Karaoke (`.kar`) player. [[PackageManagement#Installing.2C_removing.2C_upgrading_software|Install]] the [[DebianPkg:timidity]] and [[DebianPkg:timidity-interfaces-extra]] packages, and run the program with the interface of your choice:
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 mid
 midi
timidity -ia #text interface
timidity -ig #gtk interface
timidity -ik #tcl/tk interface
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You can use [[Timidity]] to easily play MIDI and [[Karaoke|karaoke]] files in Linux and [[Mozilla]].
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=== ALSA ===
 * [[http://alsa.opensrc.org/index.php/AlsaMidi|AlsaMidi]].
 * http://www.fluidsynth.org/ and http://qsynth.sourceforge.net/qsynth-index.html
 * http://pkl.net/~node/alsa-patch-bay.html
The [[DebPkg:fluid-soundfont-gs]] [[DebPkg:fluid-soundfont-gm]] [[DebPkg:vlc-plugin-fluidsynth]] packages allow you to play MIDI files in any Gstreamer-based media player or [[VLC]]. Right-click a {{{.mid}}} or {{{.kar}}} file in your FileManager, ''Open with...'', select the {{{/usr/bin/timidy}}} program, and change its command line to {{{'/usr/bin/timidity' -ia}}}
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=== Jack MIDI ===
 * jackd can work with MIDI data as well as audio.
== Hardware ==
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== Gnome ==
Store a midi file in your home directory. Open [[Nautilus]] and right click in the midi file. Select "Open with" (other application) or in Properties go to "Open with". Select Timidity in /usr/bin. Appears the text:
{{{
 '/usr/bin/timidity'
}}}
See the MidiHardware page to connect a musical instrument to your computer using MIDI.
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Change it to
{{{
 '/usr/bin/timidity' -ia
}}}
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Now, every time you click in a midi file, Timidity is going to play it. == MIDI systems ==
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You can use a similar procedure for *.kar (open karaoke) files. MIDI playback and recording is supported by the following systems and sound servers:
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== Mozilla ==
Go to Edit '' Preferences '' Advance and in "System preferences" mark the box "Use the system preferences" (if you have [[timidity]] installed in your Gnome system).

See also:
 * SoundFont
 * [[XMMS]] MIDI plugins: http://bge.kernel-panic.net/software/xmms.html
 * http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIDI
 ''' http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/KAR for '''.KAR open karaoke music files
 * PatchBay .
 * [[http://www.linuxgazette.com/issue15/midi.html|Linux and MIDI: In the beginning...]].
 * [[http://www.kibosh.org/pykaraoke|wiki:Self:PyKaraoke]] MIDI/CDG Karaoke player for Linux
=== OSS ===
 * [[ALSA]], [[AlsaMidi]], [[MidiHardware]]
 * [[JACK]]
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 * http://www.4front-tech.com/ossapps.html#midi
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 * [[http://unixmidiplugin.tripod.com/midiSamplePage.html|MIDI test page]].
 * WikiPedia:MIDI - MIDI - Wikipedia
 * http://alsa.opensrc.org/AlsaMidi - AlsaMidi - ALSA Wiki
 * http://linuxgazette.net/issue15/midi.html - Linux and MIDI: In the beginning...


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CategorySound
CategorySound CategoryFileFormat

Translation(s): English - Français - Italiano

  • MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a standard communication protocol thats connects a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related Sound devices for playing, editing and recording music. A single MIDI link through a MIDI cable can carry up to sixteen channels of information, each of which can be routed to a separate device or instrument. This could be sixteen different digital instruments, for example.

Software

For a full list of MIDI software, see the Multimedia page.

MIDI file MIME types are audio/x-midi, audio/x-mid, and audio/midi. The file extensions are .mid, .midi.

Timidity is a MIDI and Karaoke (.kar) player. Install the timidity and timidity-interfaces-extra packages, and run the program with the interface of your choice:

timidity -ia #text interface
timidity -ig #gtk interface
timidity -ik #tcl/tk interface

The fluid-soundfont-gs fluid-soundfont-gm vlc-plugin-fluidsynth packages allow you to play MIDI files in any Gstreamer-based media player or VLC. Right-click a .mid or .kar file in your FileManager, Open with..., select the /usr/bin/timidy program, and change its command line to '/usr/bin/timidity' -ia

Hardware

See the MidiHardware page to connect a musical instrument to your computer using MIDI.

MIDI systems

MIDI playback and recording is supported by the following systems and sound servers:


CategorySound CategoryFileFormat