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||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[fr/Midi|Français]] - [[it/MIDI|Italiano]] -~||<style="text-align: right;border: 0px hidden"> (!) [[/Discussion|Discussion]]|| ~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[fr/Midi|Français]] - [[it/MIDI|Italiano]] -~
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= MIDI =

<<TableOfContents(2)>>

== Hardware ==

The MIDI standard is about signals in a cable. Many musical instruments understand those signals and can communicate through them. The computer can act as a musical instrument, and join the conversation.

There is also a standard midi file format, which describes files containing the same signals. Below is an explanation on how to enable your computer to play such files. MidiHardware describes a method to enable your musical instruments to connect to the computer and be recognised.

== Software ==
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=== GNOME ===

Store a midi file in your home directory. Open [[Nautilus]] and right click in the midi file. Select "Open with" (other application) or in Properties go to "Open with". Select Timidity in /usr/bin. Appears the text: {{{
 '/usr/bin/timidity'
}}}

Change it to {{{
 '/usr/bin/timidity' -ia
}}}

Now, every time you click in a midi file, timidity is going to play it.

You can use a similar procedure for *.kar (open karaoke) files.

=== Mozilla ===

Go to Edit / Preferences / Advanced and in "System preferences" mark the box "Use the system preferences" (if you have [[Timidity]] installed in your GNOME system).
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== Gnome ==
Store a midi file in your home directory. Open [[Nautilus]] and right click in the midi file. Select "Open with" (other application) or in Properties go to "Open with". Select Timidity in /usr/bin. Appears the text:
{{{
 '/usr/bin/timidity'
}}}

Change it to
{{{
 '/usr/bin/timidity' -ia
}}}

Now, every time you click in a midi file, Timidity is going to play it.

You can use a similar procedure for *.kar (open karaoke) files.

== Mozilla ==
Go to Edit '' Preferences '' Advance and in "System preferences" mark the box "Use the system preferences" (if you have [[timidity]] installed in your Gnome system).

See also:
 * SoundFont
 * [[XMMS]] MIDI plugins: http://bge.kernel-panic.net/software/xmms.html
 * http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIDI
 ''' http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/KAR for '''.KAR open karaoke music files
 * PatchBay .
 * [[http://www.linuxgazette.com/issue15/midi.html|Linux and MIDI: In the beginning...]].
 * [[http://www.kibosh.org/pykaraoke|wiki:Self:PyKaraoke]] MIDI/CDG Karaoke player for Linux
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== See Also ==

 * MidiHardware
 * PatchBay
 * SoundFont
 * [[Timidity]]
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 * [[WikiPedia:Musical_Instrument_Digital_Interface|Musical Instrument Digital Interface]];
   * [[WikiPedia:Musical_Instrument_Digital_Interface#MIDI_Karaoke_.28.kar.29|File formats: MIDI Karaoke (.kar)]]
 * http://linuxgazette.net/issue15/midi.html - Linux and MIDI: In the beginning...

 * [[http://alsa.opensrc.org/AlsaMidi|AlsaMidi]]
 * http://pkl.net/~node/software/alsa-patch-bay/ - ALSA Patch Bay
 * http://www.kibosh.org/pykaraoke - !PyKaraoke: MIDI/CDG Karaoke player for Linux
 * http://www.4front-tech.com/ossapps.html#midi - Applications for Open Sound System: MIDI Tools and Players
 * http://www.fluidsynth.org/
 * http://qsynth.sourceforge.net/

 * http://unixmidiplugin.tripod.com/midiSamplePage.html - MIDI test page

Translation(s): English - Français - Italiano


Sound


MIDI

Hardware

The MIDI standard is about signals in a cable. Many musical instruments understand those signals and can communicate through them. The computer can act as a musical instrument, and join the conversation.

There is also a standard midi file format, which describes files containing the same signals. Below is an explanation on how to enable your computer to play such files. MidiHardware describes a method to enable your musical instruments to connect to the computer and be recognised.

Software

The MIME types are

  • audio/x-midi
  • audio/x-mid
  • audio/midi

and the file extensions

 mid
 midi

You can use Timidity to easily play MIDI and karaoke files in Linux and Mozilla.

GNOME

Store a midi file in your home directory. Open Nautilus and right click in the midi file. Select "Open with" (other application) or in Properties go to "Open with". Select Timidity in /usr/bin. Appears the text:

 '/usr/bin/timidity'

Change it to

 '/usr/bin/timidity' -ia

Now, every time you click in a midi file, timidity is going to play it.

You can use a similar procedure for *.kar (open karaoke) files.

Mozilla

Go to Edit / Preferences / Advanced and in "System preferences" mark the box "Use the system preferences" (if you have Timidity installed in your GNOME system).

ALSA

Jack MIDI

  • jackd can work with MIDI data as well as audio.

OSS

See Also


CategorySound