This page is about the ways to list the installed packages in a Debian system and how to create a file with this list. This file can be uploaded to the web (i.e. from other computer with Internet connection) to download new packages.
List all packages installed:
To check the status of all packages on your system:
- dpkg -l | more
This will show all packages (1 line each) that are in various stages of install (this includes packages that were removed but not purged). To show only the installed:
dpkg -l | grep '^i'
You can also use:
You can if you are using Debian Linux use dpkg command to list installed software:
- dpkg --get-selections
And store the list installed software to a file called /backup/installed-software.log
$ dpkg --get-selections [">"] /backup/installed-software.log
You can also find package information in (you can use mc to browse these):
Restore installed software
After re-installing base system you can immediately re-install all software.
All you have to do is type following two commands:
dpkg --set-selections < /backup/installed-software.log
Now your list is imported use dselect, ["Synaptic"] or other ?PackageManagementtools to install the package :
Select ‘i‘ for install the software
You can also use “apt-get dselect-upgrade” instead of dselect
debfoster - If dependency changes, debfoster ask if you want to remove the old package.