Differences between revisions 1 and 41 (spanning 40 versions)
Revision 1 as of 2008-02-22 15:45:28
Size: 625
Editor: Mac
Comment:
Revision 41 as of 2009-06-07 09:11:30
Size: 2833
Editor: FranklinPiat
Comment: Cleanup
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 1: Line 1:
## page was renamed from Packaging/Listing Installed Packages
## page was renamed from ListInstalledPackages
Line 2: Line 4:
||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-Translation(s):  -~ ||<style="text-align: right; border: 0px hidden"> (!) [:/Talk:Talk]||
[[BR]]
##||<tablewidth="100%">~-Translation(s): -~ ||<style="TEXT-ALIGN: right"> (!) [[/Discussion]] ||
Line 7: Line 8:
List all packages installed: === List all packages installed ===
Line 9: Line 10:
 * DebPkg:dpkg --list () {{{
dpkg-query -l
}}}
Line 11: Line 14:
To check the state of all packages on your system: === List packages using a search pattern ===
Line 13: Line 16:
 * dpkg -l | more It is possible to add a search pattern to list packages:
Line 15: Line 18:
Also:
  
 * DebPkg:apt-cache pkgnames
{{{
dpkg-query -l 'foo*'
}}}

=== Show status of all packages on the system ===

To check the status of all packages on your system:

{{{
dpkg -l | more
}}}

This will show all packages (1 line each) that are in various stages of install (this includes packages that were removed but not purged). To show only the installed:

{{{
dpkg -l | grep '^i'
}}}

to filter through grep to get results for "i"

You can also use:

{{{
apt-cache pkgnames
}}}
You can if you are using Debian Linux use dpkg command to list installed software:

{{{
dpkg --get-selections
}}}
And store the list installed software to a file called /backup/installed-software.log

{{{
dpkg --get-selections > /backup/installed-software.log
}}}

You can also find package information in the next directories (you can use DebianPkg:mc or other FileManager to browse them):

 * {{{/var/lib/apt/lists/*}}}
 * {{{/var/lib/dpkg/available}}}: list of available packages.
 * {{{/var/lib/dpkg/status}}} :statuses of available packages. This file contains information about whether a package is marked for removing or not, whether it is installed or not, etc. A package marked reinst-required is broken and requires reinstallation.

== Restore installed software ==

After re-installing base system you can immediately re-install all software.

All you have to do is type following two commands:

{{{
dpkg --set-selections < /backup/installed-software.log
}}}
Now your list is imported use apt-get, [[Synaptic]] or other PackageManagement tools to install the package :

{{{
apt-get dselect-upgrade
}}}

All this with a single command:
{{{
aptitude install $(cat installed-software.log)
}}}

== See also ==
 * [[DebianMan:1/dpkg-query|dpkg-query(1)]] manpage
 * DebianPkg:debfoster - If dependency changes, debfoster ask if you want to remove the old package.
 * [[http://www.howtogeek.com/howto/linux/show-the-list-of-installed-packages-on-ubuntu-or-debian/|Show the List of Installed Packages on Debian]].
 * [[http://linux.byexamples.com/archives/161/how-to-check-what-have-installed-in-debianubuntu/|Linux by examples]]
 * AptZip

This page is about the ways to list the installed packages in a Debian system and how to create a file with this list. This file can be uploaded to the web (i.e. from other computer with Internet connection) to download new packages.

List all packages installed

dpkg-query -l

List packages using a search pattern

It is possible to add a search pattern to list packages:

dpkg-query -l 'foo*'

Show status of all packages on the system

To check the status of all packages on your system:

dpkg -l | more

This will show all packages (1 line each) that are in various stages of install (this includes packages that were removed but not purged). To show only the installed:

dpkg -l | grep '^i'

to filter through grep to get results for "i"

You can also use:

apt-cache pkgnames

You can if you are using Debian Linux use dpkg command to list installed software:

dpkg --get-selections

And store the list installed software to a file called /backup/installed-software.log

dpkg --get-selections > /backup/installed-software.log

You can also find package information in the next directories (you can use mc or other FileManager to browse them):

  • /var/lib/apt/lists/*

  • /var/lib/dpkg/available: list of available packages.

  • /var/lib/dpkg/status :statuses of available packages. This file contains information about whether a package is marked for removing or not, whether it is installed or not, etc. A package marked reinst-required is broken and requires reinstallation.

Restore installed software

After re-installing base system you can immediately re-install all software.

All you have to do is type following two commands:

dpkg --set-selections < /backup/installed-software.log

Now your list is imported use apt-get, Synaptic or other PackageManagement tools to install the package :

apt-get dselect-upgrade

All this with a single command:

aptitude install $(cat installed-software.log)

See also


CategoryPackageManagement