Lintian is a comprehensive package checker for Debian packages.
It tries to check for
- Debian Policy violations and violations of various sub-policies,
- best practices,
- common mistakes,
- and problems that maintainers like to catch before uploads.
It is maintained by the lintian team
The Lintian User manual is available online
Derivatives (Vendors) use it. this guide describes how to setup a Lintian vendor profile and have Lintian recognise the release name of the distro.