Translation(s): none


This page includes examples of a bridged or routed network provided by the host.

Alternatives to this network setup for containers can be found on the LXC main page.

Host device as bridge

Features:

Requires bridge-utils package.

Edit the host's /etc/network/interfaces in this form:

# Comment out the following:
# The primary network interface
#allow-hotplug eth0
#iface eth0 inet dhcp

auto br0
iface br0 inet dhcp
        bridge_ports eth0
        bridge_fd 0
        bridge_maxwait 0

# uncomment the below and comment the above for static ip setup on the host
#iface br0 inet static
#       bridge_ports eth0
#       bridge_fd 0
#       address <host IP here, e.g. 192.168.1.20>
#       netmask 255.255.255.0
#       network <network IP here, e.g. 192.168.1.0>
#       broadcast <broadcast IP here, e.g. 192.168.1.255>
#       gateway <gateway IP address here, e.g. 192.168.1.1>
#       # dns-* options are implemented by the resolvconf package, if installed
#       dns-nameservers <name server IP address here, e.g. 192.168.1.1>
#       dns-search your.search.domain.here

Restart networking:

/etc/init.d/networking restart

## Network
lxc.utsname = containershostname
lxc.network.type = veth
lxc.network.flags = up

# that's the interface defined above in host's interfaces file
lxc.network.link = br0

# name of network device inside the container,
# defaults to eth0, you could choose a name freely
# lxc.network.name = lxcnet0 

lxc.network.hwaddr = 00:FF:AA:00:00:01

# the ip may be set to 0.0.0.0/24 or skip this line
# if you like to use a dhcp client inside the container
lxc.network.ipv4 = 192.168.1.110/24

auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp
#iface eth0 inet static
#       address <container IP here, e.g. 192.168.1.110>
#       all other settings like those for the host

Additonal bridge device instead of changing a host device to br0

Features:

# script to setup a natted network for lxc guests
CMD_BRCTL=/usr/sbin/brctl
CMD_IFCONFIG=/sbin/ifconfig
CMD_IPTABLES=/sbin/iptables
CMD_ROUTE=/sbin/route
NETWORK_BRIDGE_DEVICE_NAT=lxc-bridge-nat
HOST_NETDEVICE=wlan0
PRIVATE_GW_NAT=192.168.100.1
PRIVATE_NETMASK=255.255.255.0

${CMD_BRCTL} addbr ${NETWORK_BRIDGE_DEVICE_NAT}
${CMD_BRCTL} setfd ${NETWORK_BRIDGE_DEVICE_NAT} 0
${CMD_IFCONFIG} ${NETWORK_BRIDGE_DEVICE_NAT} ${PRIVATE_GW_NAT} netmask ${PRIVATE_NETMASK} promisc up
${CMD_IPTABLES} -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o ${HOST_NETDEVICE} -j MASQUERADE
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

lxc.network.link = lxc-bridge-nat
lxc.network.ipv4 = 192.168.100.10/24

References