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First, you must enable ldaps port in /etc/default/slapd :

{{{
SLAPD_SERVICES="ldap://127.0.0.1:389/ ldaps:/// ldapi:///"
}}}
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TLSCertificateKeyFile /etc/ssl/private/example.com.pem.pem TLSCertificateKeyFile /etc/ssl/private/example.com.key.pem

Setting up an LDAP server with OpenLDAP

==TO DO== ==Work in Progess==

most of this page does not easily apply to ldap in squeeze. as of slapd 2.4.23 things changed a lot. I've found that most of the docs available in searches for ldap setup are for an older set up.

so this page and others need to be updated for Squeeze , Wheezy and the future.

Install the OpenLDAP package slapd

Install the package with:

  # apt-get install slapd

answering the prompts as follows:

Note: if you don't get these options use dpkg-reconfigure -plow slapd after installation. With the latest version, it only asks you for admin user password and none of the rest, because the DNS domain name is taken from configured machine FQDN name.

  • For the DNS domain name, enter your domain name. This will be translated to an LDAP DN (for example, 'example.com' would become 'dc=example, dc=com'). This becomes what is known as your BaseDN, the root of your database.

  • For your organization you can enter any string; this becomes associated to the 'o' field of your BaseDN record.

  • Next enter your LDAP administrator password twice. This will set the password for 'cn=admin, BaseDN' and give 'cn=admin, BaseDN' write access to everything in your LDAP tree.

  • Accept the default of No to the question Allow LDAPv2 protocol.

  • Use the default database backend.

For querying the LDAP server utilities like ldapsearch are available. See the LDAP/LDAPUtils topic for more details.

Missing slapd.conf?

Since version 2.4.23-3 the configuration of OpenLDAP has been changed to /etc/ldap/slapd.d by default. The OpenLDAP packages in Debian provide an automatic migration to the new configuration style. With the new configuration style it is possible to change values on the fly without restarting slapd. Changes are made through the use of ldif files and ldap{add,modify}. In Debian you can use the following command to search the configuration:

  • ldapsearch -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -b "cn=config"

To modify configuration use the command:

  • ldapmodify -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f <file.ldif>

For configuration options see the several manpages that exist or the documentation provided upstream.

The use of slapd.conf remains possible (optional).

Indexes

For better performance do more indexing than the default.

with slapd.conf

Modify /etc/ldap/slapd.conf to contain the following:

index   objectClass             eq
index   cn                      pres,sub,eq
index   sn                      pres,sub,eq
index   uid                     pres,sub,eq
index   displayName             pres,sub,eq
index   default                 sub
index   uidNumber               eq
index   gidNumber               eq
index   mail,givenName          eq,subinitial
index   dc                      eq

After any new indexes have been defined or other major database changes have been made (e.g. slapadd was used) it is best to recreate the indexes. Note that you should stop slapd before recreating the indexes and should fix the permissions afterward.

  # /etc/init.d/slapd stop
  # slapindex
  # chown -R openldap:openldap /var/lib/ldap
  # /etc/init.d/slapd start

with cn=config

Create a LDIF file : olcDbIndex.ldif

dn: olcDatabase={1}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: olcDbIndex
olcDbIndex: cn pres,sub,eq
-
add: olcDbIndex
olcDbIndex: sn pres,sub,eq
-
add: olcDbIndex
olcDbIndex: uid pres,sub,eq
-
add: olcDbIndex
olcDbIndex: displayName pres,sub,eq
-
add: olcDbIndex
olcDbIndex: default sub
-
add: olcDbIndex
olcDbIndex: uidNumber eq
-
add: olcDbIndex
olcDbIndex: gidNumber eq
-
add: olcDbIndex
olcDbIndex: mail,givenName eq,subinitial
-
add: olcDbIndex
olcDbIndex: dc eq

Use ldapmodify to add this settings to the ldap :

ldapmodify -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f ./olcDbIndex.ldif

After the execution, slapd will launch a internal task to create indexes. Don't stop slapd during this indexation.

Access control

Configuring 'chsh' and 'chfn' to work with LDAP

via static configuration

Edit '/etc/ldap/slapd.conf' to allow access for users to update their loginShell and gecos entries by adding the following before the 'access to *' entry:

access to attrs=loginShell,gecos
      by dn="cn=admin,dc=example,dc=com" write
      by self write
      by * read

via dynamic configuration

Create a LDIF file olcAccess.ldif with access permissions to loginShell and gecos entries for the user and admins :

dn: olcDatabase={1}hdb,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: olcAccess
olcAccess: {1}to attrs=loginShell,gecos
  by dn="cn=admin,dc=example,dc=com" write
  by self write
  by * read

Instanty apply these new permissions to ldap with :

ldapmodify -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f ./olcAccess.ldif

For SAMBA LDAP support

For Samba LDAP, slapd needs the Samba schema. The Debian package seems to have a samba.schema file which is old and out of date, and a samba.schema.gz file which is actually the correct one. Do the following (as root):

 # this package contains samba.schema.gz :
 aptitude install samba-doc

with cn=config, slapd.d (default in Squeeze):

Load the following ldif into your cn=config:

dn: cn=samba,cn=schema,cn=config
objectclass: olcSchemaConfig
cn: samba
olcattributetypes: {0}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.24 NAME 'sambaLMPassword' DESC 
 'LanManager Password' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.1
 15.121.1.26{32} SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {1}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.25 NAME 'sambaNTPassword' DESC 
 'MD4 hash of the unicode password' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SYNTAX 1.3.6
 .1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26{32} SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {2}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.26 NAME 'sambaAcctFlags' DESC '
 Account Flags' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.
 1.26{16} SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {3}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.27 NAME 'sambaPwdLastSet' DESC 
 'Timestamp of the last password update' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.
 1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {4}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.28 NAME 'sambaPwdCanChange' DES
 C 'Timestamp of when the user is allowed to update the password' EQUALITY i
 ntegerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {5}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.29 NAME 'sambaPwdMustChange' DE
 SC 'Timestamp of when the password will expire' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTA
 X 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {6}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.30 NAME 'sambaLogonTime' DESC '
 Timestamp of last logon' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.
 121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {7}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.31 NAME 'sambaLogoffTime' DESC 
 'Timestamp of last logoff' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.11
 5.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {8}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.32 NAME 'sambaKickoffTime' DESC
  'Timestamp of when the user will be logged off automatically' EQUALITY int
 egerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {9}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.48 NAME 'sambaBadPasswordCount'
  DESC 'Bad password attempt count' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1
 .1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {10}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.49 NAME 'sambaBadPasswordTime'
  DESC 'Time of the last bad password attempt' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 
 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {11}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.55 NAME 'sambaLogonHours' DESC
  'Logon Hours' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.
 1.26{42} SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {12}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.33 NAME 'sambaHomeDrive' DESC 
 'Driver letter of home directory mapping' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SYNTA
 X 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26{4} SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {13}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.34 NAME 'sambaLogonScript' DES
 C 'Logon script path' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.
 121.1.15{255} SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {14}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.35 NAME 'sambaProfilePath' DES
 C 'Roaming profile path' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.1
 15.121.1.15{255} SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {15}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.36 NAME 'sambaUserWorkstations
 ' DESC 'List of user workstations the user is allowed to logon to' EQUALITY
  caseIgnoreMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{255} SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {16}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.37 NAME 'sambaHomePath' DESC '
 Home directory UNC path' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.1
 15.121.1.15{128} )
olcattributetypes: {17}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.38 NAME 'sambaDomainName' DESC
  'Windows NT domain to which the user belongs' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SYN
 TAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{128} )
olcattributetypes: {18}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.47 NAME 'sambaMungedDial' DESC
  'Base64 encoded user parameter string' EQUALITY caseExactMatch SYNTAX 1.3.
 6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{1050} )
olcattributetypes: {19}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.54 NAME 'sambaPasswordHistory'
  DESC 'Concatenated MD5 hashes of the salted NT passwords used on this acco
 unt' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26{32} )
olcattributetypes: {20}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.20 NAME 'sambaSID' DESC 'Secur
 ity ID' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SUBSTR caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch SYNT
 AX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26{64} SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {21}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.23 NAME 'sambaPrimaryGroupSID'
  DESC 'Primary Group Security ID' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SYNTAX 1.3.6.
 1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26{64} SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {22}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.51 NAME 'sambaSIDList' DESC 'S
 ecurity ID List' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.12
 1.1.26{64} )
olcattributetypes: {23}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.19 NAME 'sambaGroupType' DESC 
 'NT Group Type' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 
 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {24}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.21 NAME 'sambaNextUserRid' DES
 C 'Next NT rid to give our for users' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.
 4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {25}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.22 NAME 'sambaNextGroupRid' DE
 SC 'Next NT rid to give out for groups' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.
 1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {26}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.39 NAME 'sambaNextRid' DESC 'N
 ext NT rid to give out for anything' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4
 .1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {27}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.40 NAME 'sambaAlgorithmicRidBa
 se' DESC 'Base at which the samba RID generation algorithm should operate' 
 EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {28}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.41 NAME 'sambaShareName' DESC 
 'Share Name' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15 
 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {29}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.42 NAME 'sambaOptionName' DESC
  'Option Name' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch SY
 NTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )
olcattributetypes: {30}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.43 NAME 'sambaBoolOption' DESC
  'A boolean option' EQUALITY booleanMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1
 .7 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {31}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.44 NAME 'sambaIntegerOption' D
 ESC 'An integer option' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.1
 21.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {32}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.45 NAME 'sambaStringOption' DE
 SC 'A string option' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115
 .121.1.26 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {33}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.46 NAME 'sambaStringListOption
 ' DESC 'A string list option' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1
 466.115.121.1.15 )
olcattributetypes: {34}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.53 NAME 'sambaTrustFlags' DESC
  'Trust Password Flags' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466
 .115.121.1.26 )
olcattributetypes: {35}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.58 NAME 'sambaMinPwdLength' DE
 SC 'Minimal password length (default: 5)' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.
 6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {36}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.59 NAME 'sambaPwdHistoryLength
 ' DESC 'Length of Password History Entries (default: 0 => off)' EQUALITY in
 tegerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {37}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.60 NAME 'sambaLogonToChgPwd' D
 ESC 'Force Users to logon for password change (default: 0 => off, 2 => on)'
  EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {38}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.61 NAME 'sambaMaxPwdAge' DESC 
 'Maximum password age, in seconds (default: -1 => never expire passwords)' 
 EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {39}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.62 NAME 'sambaMinPwdAge' DESC 
 'Minimum password age, in seconds (default: 0 => allow immediate password c
 hange)' EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-V
 ALUE )
olcattributetypes: {40}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.63 NAME 'sambaLockoutDuration'
  DESC 'Lockout duration in minutes (default: 30, -1 => forever)' EQUALITY i
 ntegerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {41}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.64 NAME 'sambaLockoutObservati
 onWindow' DESC 'Reset time after lockout in minutes (default: 30)' EQUALITY
  integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {42}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.65 NAME 'sambaLockoutThreshold
 ' DESC 'Lockout users after bad logon attempts (default: 0 => off)' EQUALIT
 Y integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {43}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.66 NAME 'sambaForceLogoff' DES
 C 'Disconnect Users outside logon hours (default: -1 => off, 0 => on)' EQUA
 LITY integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {44}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.67 NAME 'sambaRefuseMachinePwd
 Change' DESC 'Allow Machine Password changes (default: 0 => off)' EQUALITY 
 integerMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.27 SINGLE-VALUE )
olcattributetypes: {45}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.68 NAME 'sambaClearTextPasswor
 d' DESC 'Clear text password (used for trusted domain passwords)' EQUALITY 
 octetStringMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.40 )
olcattributetypes: {46}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.1.69 NAME 'sambaPreviousClearTex
 tPassword' DESC 'Previous clear text password (used for trusted domain pass
 words)' EQUALITY octetStringMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.40 )
olcobjectclasses: {0}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.2.6 NAME 'sambaSamAccount' DESC 'S
 amba 3.0 Auxilary SAM Account' SUP top AUXILIARY MUST ( uid $ sambaSID ) MA
 Y ( cn $ sambaLMPassword $ sambaNTPassword $ sambaPwdLastSet $ sambaLogonTi
 me $ sambaLogoffTime $ sambaKickoffTime $ sambaPwdCanChange $ sambaPwdMustC
 hange $ sambaAcctFlags $ displayName $ sambaHomePath $ sambaHomeDrive $ sam
 baLogonScript $ sambaProfilePath $ description $ sambaUserWorkstations $ sa
 mbaPrimaryGroupSID $ sambaDomainName $ sambaMungedDial $ sambaBadPasswordCo
 unt $ sambaBadPasswordTime $ sambaPasswordHistory $ sambaLogonHours ) )
olcobjectclasses: {1}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.2.4 NAME 'sambaGroupMapping' DESC 
 'Samba Group Mapping' SUP top AUXILIARY MUST ( gidNumber $ sambaSID $ samba
 GroupType ) MAY ( displayName $ description $ sambaSIDList ) )
olcobjectclasses: {2}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.2.14 NAME 'sambaTrustPassword' DES
 C 'Samba Trust Password' SUP top STRUCTURAL MUST ( sambaDomainName $ sambaN
 TPassword $ sambaTrustFlags ) MAY ( sambaSID $ sambaPwdLastSet ) )
olcobjectclasses: {3}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.2.15 NAME 'sambaTrustedDomainPassw
 ord' DESC 'Samba Trusted Domain Password' SUP top STRUCTURAL MUST ( sambaDo
 mainName $ sambaSID $ sambaClearTextPassword $ sambaPwdLastSet ) MAY sambaP
 reviousClearTextPassword )
olcobjectclasses: {4}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.2.5 NAME 'sambaDomain' DESC 'Samba
  Domain Information' SUP top STRUCTURAL MUST ( sambaDomainName $ sambaSID )
  MAY ( sambaNextRid $ sambaNextGroupRid $ sambaNextUserRid $ sambaAlgorithm
 icRidBase $ sambaMinPwdLength $ sambaPwdHistoryLength $ sambaLogonToChgPwd 
 $ sambaMaxPwdAge $ sambaMinPwdAge $ sambaLockoutDuration $ sambaLockoutObse
 rvationWindow $ sambaLockoutThreshold $ sambaForceLogoff $ sambaRefuseMachi
 nePwdChange ) )
olcobjectclasses: {5}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.2.7 NAME 'sambaUnixIdPool' DESC 'P
 ool for allocating UNIX uids/gids' SUP top AUXILIARY MUST ( uidNumber $ gid
 Number ) )
olcobjectclasses: {6}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.2.8 NAME 'sambaIdmapEntry' DESC 'M
 apping from a SID to an ID' SUP top AUXILIARY MUST sambaSID MAY ( uidNumber
  $ gidNumber ) )
olcobjectclasses: {7}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.2.9 NAME 'sambaSidEntry' DESC 'Str
 uctural Class for a SID' SUP top STRUCTURAL MUST sambaSID )
olcobjectclasses: {8}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.2.10 NAME 'sambaConfig' DESC 'Samb
 a Configuration Section' SUP top AUXILIARY MAY description )
olcobjectclasses: {9}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.2.11 NAME 'sambaShare' DESC 'Samba
  Share Section' SUP top STRUCTURAL MUST sambaShareName MAY description )
olcobjectclasses: {10}( 1.3.6.1.4.1.7165.2.2.12 NAME 'sambaConfigOption' DES
 C 'Samba Configuration Option' SUP top STRUCTURAL MUST sambaOptionName MAY 
 ( sambaBoolOption $ sambaIntegerOption $ sambaStringOption $ sambaStringLis
 toption $ description ) )

with slapd.conf (old style, still possible in squeeze)

 zcat /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/examples/LDAP/samba.schema.gz > /etc/ldap/schema/samba.schema

Now add the following line to /etc/ldap/slapd.conf after the other includes.

include /etc/ldap/schema/samba.schema

And restart slapd:

  # /etc/init.d/slapd restart

Access controls for subtree-specific LDAP Admins

If you choose to use LDAP for many functions, such as having a single server for DNS, Authentication, and networking flat file database replacement, you may wish to have LDAP administrative users for each subtree in addition to the global admin (dn="cn=admin, dc=example, dc=com). The following example is useful when using a separate authentication tree which includes Samba.

 # The manager dn has full write access to the auth subtree
 # Everyone else has read access to not otherwise protected fields and entries
 access to dn.sub="ou=auth,dc=example,dc=com"
         by dn="cn=Manager,ou=auth,dc=example,dc=com" write
         by * read

Configuring LDAPS

First, you must enable ldaps port in /etc/default/slapd :

SLAPD_SERVICES="ldap://127.0.0.1:389/ ldaps:/// ldapi:///"

Configuring the certificate (and possibly the CA used) in /etc/ldap/slapd.conf:

TLSCACertificateFile    /etc/ssl/certs/whaterver_ca_you_use.pem
TLSCertificateKeyFile   /etc/ssl/private/example.com.key.pem
TLSCertificateFile      /etc/ssl/certs/example.com.pem

By default, slapd runs as user/group openldap, so it can't read the key file. On Debian Lenny, the preferred solution to this dilemma seems to be to chown the key to root:ssl-cert, set permissions to 640 and add the user openldap to group ssl-cert.

Symptoms:

In slapd debug output:

[...] TLS: could not set cipher list HIGH:MEDIUM:-SSLv2.  (or similar)

In /var/log/syslog:

[...] main: TLS init def ctx failed: -1

Diagnosis:

If you try to install the OpenLDAP server (slapd) with Debian Lenny, it comes compiled against the GnuTLS library. It means you cannot use an OpenSSL style directive like TLSCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:-SSLv2 in slapd.conf.

Cure:

In squeeze we had the same error , and it was solved by adding openldap to the ssl-cert group.

usermod -a -G ssl-cert openldap

In /etc/ldap/slapd.conf, either comment out TLSCipherSuite option to let gnutls choose rather sane default for you, or use something like:

TLSCipherSuite NORMAL

To get all the supported GnuTLS cipher suite names:

# aptitude install gnutls-bin
# man gnutls-cli

And skip to TLS/SSL control options section of man page.

To use only 256 bit cyphers, use this (paranoiac?) setting:

TLSCipherSuite SECURE256:!AES-128-CBC:!ARCFOUR-128:!CAMELLIA-128-CBC:!3DES-CBC:!CAMELLIA-128-CBC

Another useful tool to test server-supported TLS options is to use gnutls-cli-debug. First add ldaps:/// string to the SLAPD_SERVICES option in /etc/default/slapd, restart slapd and then run

gnutls-cli-debug -p 636 <fqdn_of_you_ldap_host>

That will show you cryptographic suits your LDAP server supports.

Symptoms (round 2)

If you are getting messages such as

slapd TLS: can't connect: A TLS packet with unexpected length was received..

or

Could not negotiate a supported cipher suite.

take a wander by this.

Diagnosis:

How did you generate your certificates? If you generated them using OpenSSL, you're going to run into problems. Debian switched over to using gnutls a while ago, and it doesn't play nice with OpenSSL certificates. So, to fix this, check out the next section.

NOTE: On Debian Squeeze openldap is linked with gnutls as well, but works just fine with certificate generated by openssl.

Procedure:

You're going to need the gnutls certificate generator: certtool.

Run these two commands to generate a new self-signed key (into the current working directory):

certtool --generate-privkey --outfile ca-key.pem
certtool --generate-self-signed --load-privkey ca-key.pem --outfile ca-cert.pem

Then, update your certificate locations in /etc/ldap/slapd.conf (TLSCertificateFile points to ca-cert.pem and TLSCertificateKeyFile points to ca-key.pem), comment out TLSCACertificateFile, and change TLSVerifyClient to never.

In /etc/ldap/ldap.conf, comment out TLS_CACERT and change TLS_REQCERT to never.

Since the certificate is self-signed, we can't have gnutls trying to verify it (hence the never), otherwise it will never run.

Then restart your services, and you're good (assuming all your links point properly to ldaps://url/).


CategorySystemAdministration