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Portal/IDB/logo_portal.png Welcome to the Debian portal for keyboard information

The keyboard settings are stored in /etc/default/keyboard. This file provided by keyboard-configuration package and other packages use this information in order to configure the keyboard on the console or in X Window.

You can change your keyboard settings by:

$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration

As usual it will prompt you for the model of keyboard (what the keyboard *is*), and then for the keyboard layout (what the keys should *do*). Use this tool to change your keyboard map e.g from qwerty to qwertz, or to dworak, or for non-English layouts.

Set Keyboard Layout in initramfs

The file /etc/initramfs-tools/initramfs.conf must be changed to have the localized keyboard layout at boot time:

#
# KEYMAP: [ y | n ]
#
# Load a keymap during the initramfs stage.
#

KEYMAP=y

Apply changes.

# update-initramfs -u

Enable USB Keyboard in initramfs

The initramfs-tools must include the usbhid module and its dependencies for USB keyboard support at boot time. Either the configuration file /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/driver-policy must include most modules, or they will have to be specified in another file:

#
# MODULES: [ most | netboot | dep | list ]
#
# most - Add most filesystem and all harddrive drivers.
#
# dep - Try and guess which modules to load.
#
# netboot - Add the base modules, network modules, but skip block devices.
#
# list - Only include modules from the 'additional modules' list
#

MODULES=most

If the configuration above was not set to include most modules then the necessary modules have to be specified in the file /etc/initramfs-tools/modules:

# USB keyboard at boot
usbcore
uhci_hcd
ehci_hcd
usbhid

Apply changes.

# update-initramfs -u