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(!) ?Discussion

DebianOn is an effort to document how to install, configure and use Debian on some specific hardware. Therefore potential buyers would know if that hardware is supported and owner would know how get the best out of that hardware.

The purpose is not to duplicate the Debian Official Documentation, but to document how to install Debian on some specific hardware.

Models covered
MSI Wind U100
- Video card: Intel GMA950
- Screen size: 10" wide
- Wireless card: Realtek 8187se
- Disk: 80G HD
- RAM: 1G
- Bluetooth, SD Card Reader, Webcam

Overall Status

Core Components

photo.png

Boot Standard Kernel:

{OK}

LAN network card:

{OK}

Detect CD/DVD:

[-]

Detect hard drives:

{OK}

Extra Features

CPU Frequency Scaling

{OK}

Hibernation

{OK}

Sleep / Suspend

{OK}

Xorg

{OK}

- OpenGL

{OK}

- Resize-and-Rotate(randr)

{OK}

Switch to External Screen

{OK}

Mouse

- Built-in (Trackpoint)

[-]

- Built-in (Touchpad)

{OK}

Modem

[-]

Wireless/Wifi

{i}

Wireless/Bluetooth

{OK}

Builtin Webcam

{OK}

Memory card reader

{OK}

Keyboard's Hotkeys

{i}

Legend :
{OK} = OK ; {X} Unsupported(No Driver) ; /!\ = Error (Couldn't get it working); [?] Unknown, Not Test ; [-] Not-applicable
{i} = Configuration Required; X-( = Only works with a proprietary driver

Important Note

{X} There is currently a bug that Booting from Windows "boot.ini" is functional, but an reboot or shutdown will freeze the system. Grub in MBR is working fine.

Configuration

Display

With Debian 5.0 Lenny, the Xorg display driver work out of the Box with Open GL.

# glxinfo 
name of display: :0.0
display: :0  screen: 0
direct rendering: Yes
server glx vendor string: SGI
server glx version string: 1.2
...
OpenGL vendor string: Tungsten Graphics, Inc
OpenGL renderer string: Mesa DRI Intel(R) 945GME 20061017 x86/MMX/SSE2
OpenGL version string: 1.3 Mesa 7.0.4
...

# glxgears 
2713 frames in 5.0 seconds = 542.566 FPS
2775 frames in 5.0 seconds = 554.901 FPS
2788 frames in 5.0 seconds = 557.505 FPS
2783 frames in 5.0 seconds = 556.503 FPS

You may even get higher frame rates (I got up to 730). Compiz works fine.

For better performance with compiz, enable XAA in xorg.conf:

Section "Device"
        Identifier      "Configured Video Device"
        Driver          "intel"
        Option          "AccelMethod"   "XAA"
EndSection

I had no trouble with xrandr features, including driving an external 1600x1200 display.

Audio

Mouse

Power Management

Suspend to ram and suspend to disk appear to work flawlessly.

By default, when suspended to disk, the Wind's BIOS will not let you access the BIOS setup or the boot menu. If that bothers you, you can make sure that the BIOS will not know that you have suspended to disk:

With Debian 6.0 Squeeze, when unplugging the AC power cord, gnome-power-manager might wrongly report a very short time left on battery, forcing your system into suspend/hibernation. See http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=571161 If you are affected by this bug, the workaround is to execute for each user gconftool-2 -s /apps/gnome-power-manager/general/use_time_for_policy -t bool false

With the initial release 6.0.0 of Debian Squeeze, some users reported failure to resume from hibernate (with the system rebooting to a clean start) with the available kernel version linux-image-2.6.32-5-686_2.6.32-30_i386. The issue seems to be solved by kernel version linux-image-2.6.32-5-686_2.6.32-31_i386 at the time of writing available as proposed-update in preparation of Debian Squeeze 6.0.1

WiFi

Starting with kernel 2.6.29, the wifi card works out of the box, using the rtl8187se module. Note that the Fn-F11 (wlan key) controls the wifi's radio (i.e. rfkill), but the driver does not provide access (nor control) to this rfkill information. If the wifi's radio is turned off, the driver will not see any network and hence will seem to "not work".

With older kernels, use of a vendor driver is required, see rtl818x to install.

Newer version of the wind ships with a rt2860 chipset. starting with kernel 2.6.30 (which is now on testing ...) there is the right kernel module (rt2860sta ) but you'll need to install the firmware with

aptitude install firmware-ralink 

Keyboard's Hotkeys

Most work as expected; for the volume keys to work, you will need the followin lines in your ~/.xmodmaprc

! F7 F8 F9
keycode 174 = XF86AudioLowerVolume
keycode 176 = XF86AudioRaiseVolume
keycode 160 = XF86AudioMute


System Summary

lspci

00:00.0 Host bridge [0600]: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GME Express Memory Controller Hub [8086:27ac] (rev 03)
00:02.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GME Express Integrated Graphics Controller [8086:27ae] (rev 03)
00:02.1 Display controller [0380]: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GM/GMS/GME, 943/940GML Express Integrated Graphics Controller [8086:27a6] (rev 03)
00:1b.0 Audio device [0403]: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) High Definition Audio Controller [8086:27d8] (rev 02)
00:1c.0 PCI bridge [0604]: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 1 [8086:27d0] (rev 02)
00:1c.1 PCI bridge [0604]: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) PCI Express Port 2 [8086:27d2] (rev 02)
00:1d.0 USB Controller [0c03]: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #1 [8086:27c8] (rev 02)
00:1d.1 USB Controller [0c03]: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #2 [8086:27c9] (rev 02)
00:1d.2 USB Controller [0c03]: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #3 [8086:27ca] (rev 02)
00:1d.3 USB Controller [0c03]: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB UHCI Controller #4 [8086:27cb] (rev 02)
00:1d.7 USB Controller [0c03]: Intel Corporation 82801G (ICH7 Family) USB2 EHCI Controller [8086:27cc] (rev 02)
00:1e.0 PCI bridge [0604]: Intel Corporation 82801 Mobile PCI Bridge [8086:2448] (rev e2)
00:1f.0 ISA bridge [0601]: Intel Corporation 82801GBM (ICH7-M) LPC Interface Bridge [8086:27b9] (rev 02)
00:1f.2 IDE interface [0101]: Intel Corporation 82801GBM/GHM (ICH7 Family) SATA IDE Controller [8086:27c4] (rev 02)
01:00.0 Ethernet controller [0200]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8101E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller [10ec:8136] (rev 02)
02:00.0 Network controller [0280]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. Device [10ec:8199] (rev 22)

lsusb

lsusb -v | grep -E '\<(Bus|iProduct|bDeviceClass|bDeviceProtocol)' 2>/dev/null

Bus 005 Device 002: ID 0bda:0158 Realtek Semiconductor Corp. Mass Stroage Device
  bDeviceClass            0 (Defined at Interface level)
  bDeviceProtocol         0 
  iProduct                2 USB2.0-CRW
      (Bus Powered)
  bDeviceClass            0 (Defined at Interface level)
  bDeviceProtocol         0 
  (Bus Powered)
Bus 005 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
  bDeviceClass            9 Hub
  bDeviceProtocol         0 Full speed (or root) hub
  iProduct                2 EHCI Host Controller
Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
  bDeviceClass            9 Hub
  bDeviceProtocol         0 Full speed (or root) hub
  iProduct                2 UHCI Host Controller
Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
  bDeviceClass            9 Hub
  bDeviceProtocol         0 Full speed (or root) hub
  iProduct                2 UHCI Host Controller
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
  bDeviceClass            9 Hub
  bDeviceProtocol         0 Full speed (or root) hub
  iProduct                2 UHCI Host Controller
Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
  bDeviceClass            9 Hub
  bDeviceProtocol         0 Full speed (or root) hub
  iProduct                2 UHCI Host Controller

USB Host controllers entries (without OHCI, UHCI, EHCI) are removed too.

Resources

Attachments

Some configuration files and sample outputs.

Credits