Differences between revisions 9 and 10
Revision 9 as of 2013-05-24 17:15:57
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Editor: ?MouradDeClerck
Comment: add note on nouveau being broken in recent kernels
Revision 10 as of 2013-07-14 23:43:44
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Editor: ?MouradDeClerck
Comment: nouveau fixed in 3.9+
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 * nouveau is broken on this hardware as of linux 3.6.0  * nouveau was more or less broken on this hardware as of linux 3.6 - 3.8, so te be safe, run 3.9+
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 * supported as of linux 2.6.37 (but as said broken again in 3.6.0)  * supported as of linux 2.6.37

Translation(s): none

MacBookPro7,1
MacBook Pro 13" 2010


Install Debian

Works on Wheezy

Hardware

CPU / Core 2 Duo P8600

See #cpuinfo for more details.

Occasionally only one out of the two cores is activated. Apparently adding the following to the kernel command line resolves this issue (unconfirmed):

acpi_apic_instance=2

GPU / Nvidia Geforce 320M

The GPU is an NVAF integrated graphics core in the MCP89 chipset.

  • nouveau was more or less broken on this hardware as of linux 3.6 - 3.8, so te be safe, run 3.9+
  • the binary only nvidia driver works, but only if you boot in BIOS mode, not in EFI mode

2D

  • KMS works.
  • no xorg.conf needed for X

3D

  • supported as of linux 2.6.37
  • mesa's nouveau_dri driver works. occasional rendering errors though.

External display

  • mini-?DisplayPort connector works as of linux 3.2

Backlight control

  • nv_backlight (nouveau) works in recent kernels
  • apple_bl works too, but nv_backlight is preferred by gnome-settings-daemon

Apple ClickPad

Multi-touch gestures like the drag two-finger drag gesture are supported in the current xserver-xorg-input-synaptics package (>1.6.1).

If you would like your touchpad to behave like the natural scrolling mode in Mac OS X Lion, you have to add the next line to your ~/.Xmodmap

pointer = 1 2 3 5 4 7 6 8 9 10 11 12                                        

For older versions you can check PageFragmentClickPadOld

Apple Keyboard

Configuration

You can set up the keyboard layout with this command:

$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration

This will change the config file /etc/default/keyboard into something like this:

XKBMODEL="apple_laptop"
XKBLAYOUT="us"
XKBVARIANT="mac"
XKBOPTIONS="terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp"

… or another example:

XKBMODEL="pc105"
XKBLAYOUT="fr"
XKBVARIANT="mac"
XKBOPTIONS="lv3:rwin_switch"

Default behaviour

  • 'fn'+'Enter' -> Insert

  • 'fn'+'Backspace' -> Delete

  • 'fn'+'Up' -> PageUp

  • 'fn'+'Down' -> PageDown

  • 'fn'+'Left' -> Home

  • 'fn'+'Right' -> End

  • 'Clear' -> NumLock

Function key behaviour

The hid_apple module has a parameter called 'fnmode' to change the behaviour of the 'fn'-key

There's three settings for fnmode:

  • 0 = disabled: Disable the 'fn' key. Pressing 'fn' has no effect
  • 1 = fkeyslast: Enable the 'fn' key. Pressing 'F1-F12' keys will act as special keys. Pressing 'fn'+'F1-F12' will behave like 'F1-F12'.
  • 2 = fkeysfirst: Enable the 'fn' key. Pressing 'F1-F12' keys will behave like the real 'F1-F12'. Pressing 'fn'+'F8' will act as the special key (play/pause in this case).

There's several ways to set this parameter:

  • using sysfs, for example:

    $ echo 2 | sudo tee /sys/module/hid_apple/parameters/fnmode
  • as a module parameter (won't work if you compile hid_apple in your kernel):

    $ echo options hid_apple fnmode=2 | sudo tee -a /etc/modprobe.d/hid_apple.conf 
    $ sudo modprobe --dry-run hid_apple 

    if this throws no error you can

    $ sudo update-initramfs -u 
  • on the kernel command line: edit /etc/default/grub, and add the following to the GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT variable:

    hid_apple.fnmode=2

Swapped keys on international keyboards

The hid_apple module also has a parameter called 'iso_layout'

  • 0 means international layout, so on an 'English International' keyboard the '§±'-key will be top left, and the '`~'-key will be next to left shift
  • 1 swaps it around

There's several ways to set this parameter:

  • using sysfs, for example:

    $ echo 0 | sudo tee /sys/module/hid_apple/parameters/iso_layout
  • as a module parameter (won't work if you compile hid_apple in your kernel):

    $ echo options hid_apple iso_layout=0 | sudo tee -a /etc/modprobe.d/hid_apple.conf 
    $ sudo modprobe --dry-run hid_apple 

    if this throws no error you can

    $ sudo update-initramfs -u 
  • on the kernel command line: edit /etc/default/grub, and add the following to the GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT variable:

    hid_apple.iso_layout=0

See also

See also AppleKeyboard on Ubuntu's wiki.

SATA / Nvidia MCP89

The firmware switches the SATA controller in two different modes depending on how the system was booted. In BIOS mode you'll need to use the sata_generic driver; in EFI mode you need the ahci driver.

SATA / AHCI Mode

Many SATA controllers have two modes of operation: IDE mode (using the ata_generic or the ata_piix kernel modules for example), and AHCI mode (using the ahci module). Apple determines the mode of operation on boot based on whether the system is booted in EFI mode or BIOS compatibility mode (see the whole section on EFI/BIOS for more detail).

When you use BIOS mode the SATA controller will be switched to IDE mode. If you want to set the controller in AHCI mode while using BIOS compatibility before the kernel boots up, you can do it using GRUB2. The reason why you might want to do this, is because the AHCI mode and module ensures better performance under load, and is generally more stable.

The fix is to just add a setpci call on your GRUB configuration. To be safe you can test it by going into command line mode in GRUB, and doing something like this:

> lspci
(check for the ID for IDE mode, in my case 8086:2828)
> setpci -d 8086:2828 90.b=40
> lspci
(The 2828 ID is now gone, replaced by 8086:2829, AHCI/SATA mode)

You can add this to your GRUB configuration, and avoid losing it on upgrades, by adding a script like this to /etc/grub.d/:

#!/bin/sh
set -e
## Enable SATA (AHCI) mode on macbook 3,1
echo "setpci -d 8086:2828 90.b=40"

For more info see these blog posts:

Gigabit Ethernet / Broadcom BCM5764M

Works our of the box with the tg3 driver.

WiFi / Broadcom BCM432x

Installing the driver

The Broadcom BCM4321 and BCM4322 are supported by the b43 driver as of Linux 2.6.38. Later kernels improve the speed and stability of the aforementioned “N-PHY” hardware considerably (thank you, Rafał Miłecki).

To confirm you have such hardware you can refer to http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Drivers/b43#Device_firmware_installation

Installing the firmware

Ensure you have “contrib” archive area set up in your /etc/apt/sources.list, for example:

deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian wheezy main contrib non-free

Next (after an “apt-get update” of course) install the firmware-b43-installer package:

$ sudo apt-get install firmware-b43-installer

The hardware will be fully functional the next time the b43 driver is loaded (after reboot or by explicitly unloading/loading the driver).

Alternative driver

This hardware is also supported by the proprietary wl driver.

Known issues

  • BCM4321: The wl driver offers many more options than b43, this is specially useful for some advanced wireless scanning and performance data. The main difference, however, is that the b43 driver does not know how to do proper power-saving with this card. The wl driver does a much better job. This is noticeable in the temperature of the card, usually a difference of 10-15°C. In favor of the b43 driver, it is much faster to scan and join wireless networks.

See also

  • bcm43xx — a page on all Broadcom 43xx wireless devices

  • b43 — the upstream b43 driver page

  • wl — the proprietary driver

Bluetooth / Broadcom BCM2046

Works out of the box with the btusb driver.

Audio / Nvidia MCP89

Works out of the box with the snd-hda-intel driver.

Some remarks though:

  • speakers are quiet by default: opening up surround speakers using alsamixer helps
  • however, only one of the surround speakers is active for me, there's no way to activate left surround channel
  • S/PDIF (optical) is always active after sleep or reboot

Power Management

Suspend to ram works out of the box.

Firewire / Agere Systems FW643 (1394b)

Works out of the box.

Apple iSight

Works out of the box with the uvcvideo driver.

Apple IR Receiver

Untested. See also:

Apple SD Card Reader

Works out of the box with the usb-storage driver.


System Summary

cpuinfo

processor       : 0
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 23
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM)2 Duo CPU     P8600  @ 2.40GHz
stepping        : 10
microcode       : 0xa07
cpu MHz         : 798.000
cache size      : 3072 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 2
core id         : 0
cpu cores       : 2
apicid          : 0
initial apicid  : 0
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 13
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl aperfmperf pni dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx smx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm sse4_1 xsave lahf_lm dts tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority
bogomips        : 4778.22
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 36 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:

processor       : 1
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 23
model name      : Intel(R) Core(TM)2 Duo CPU     P8600  @ 2.40GHz
stepping        : 10
microcode       : 0xa07
cpu MHz         : 2394.000
cache size      : 3072 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 2
core id         : 1
cpu cores       : 2
apicid          : 1
initial apicid  : 1
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 13
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl aperfmperf pni dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx smx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm sse4_1 xsave lahf_lm dts tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority
bogomips        : 4778.22
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 36 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:

lspci

00:00.0 Host bridge [0600]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 HOST Bridge [10de:0d60] (rev a1)
00:00.1 RAM memory [0500]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 Memory Controller [10de:0d68] (rev a1)
00:01.0 RAM memory [0500]: nVidia Corporation Device [10de:0d6d] (rev a1)
00:01.1 RAM memory [0500]: nVidia Corporation Device [10de:0d6e] (rev a1)
00:01.2 RAM memory [0500]: nVidia Corporation Device [10de:0d6f] (rev a1)
00:01.3 RAM memory [0500]: nVidia Corporation Device [10de:0d70] (rev a1)
00:02.0 RAM memory [0500]: nVidia Corporation Device [10de:0d71] (rev a1)
00:02.1 RAM memory [0500]: nVidia Corporation Device [10de:0d72] (rev a1)
00:03.0 ISA bridge [0601]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 LPC Bridge [10de:0d80] (rev a2)
00:03.1 RAM memory [0500]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 Memory Controller [10de:0d7b] (rev a1)
00:03.2 SMBus [0c05]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 SMBus [10de:0d79] (rev a1)
00:03.3 RAM memory [0500]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 Memory Controller [10de:0d69] (rev a1)
00:03.4 Co-processor [0b40]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 Co-Processor [10de:0d7a] (rev a1)
00:04.0 USB controller [0c03]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 OHCI USB 1.1 Controller [10de:0d9c] (rev a1)
00:04.1 USB controller [0c03]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 EHCI USB 2.0 Controller [10de:0d9d] (rev a2)
00:06.0 USB controller [0c03]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 OHCI USB 1.1 Controller [10de:0d9c] (rev a1)
00:06.1 USB controller [0c03]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 EHCI USB 2.0 Controller [10de:0d9d] (rev a2)
00:08.0 Audio device [0403]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 High Definition Audio [10de:0d94] (rev a2)
00:0a.0 SATA controller [0106]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 SATA Controller (AHCI mode) [10de:0d88] (rev a2)
00:0b.0 RAM memory [0500]: nVidia Corporation Device [10de:0d75] (rev a1)
00:0e.0 PCI bridge [0604]: nVidia Corporation Device [10de:0d9a] (rev a1)
00:15.0 PCI bridge [0604]: nVidia Corporation Device [10de:0d9b] (rev a1)
00:16.0 PCI bridge [0604]: nVidia Corporation Device [10de:0d9b] (rev a1)
00:17.0 PCI bridge [0604]: nVidia Corporation MCP89 PCI Express Bridge [10de:0d76] (rev a1)
01:00.0 FireWire (IEEE 1394) [0c00]: Agere Systems FW643 PCI Express 1394b Controller (PHY/Link) [11c1:5901] (rev 08)
02:00.0 Network controller [0280]: Broadcom Corporation BCM4322 802.11a/b/g/n Wireless LAN Controller [14e4:432b] (rev 01)
03:00.0 Ethernet controller [0200]: Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme BCM5764M Gigabit Ethernet PCIe [14e4:1684] (rev 10)
04:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: nVidia Corporation Device [10de:08a0] (rev a2)

lsusb

Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
Bus 001 Device 002: ID 05ac:8507 Apple, Inc. Built-in iSight
Bus 002 Device 002: ID 05ac:8403 Apple, Inc. Internal Memory Card Reader
Bus 004 Device 002: ID 05ac:0237 Apple, Inc. Internal Keyboard/Trackpad (ISO)
Bus 004 Device 003: ID 05ac:8242 Apple, Inc. IR Receiver [built-in]
Bus 004 Device 004: ID 0a5c:4500 Broadcom Corp. BCM2046B1 USB 2.0 Hub (part of BCM2046 Bluetooth)
Bus 004 Device 005: ID 05ac:8213 Apple, Inc. 

Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
  bDeviceClass            9 Hub
  bDeviceProtocol         0 Full speed (or root) hub
  iProduct                2 EHCI Host Controller
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
  bDeviceClass            9 Hub
  bDeviceProtocol         0 Full speed (or root) hub
  iProduct                2 EHCI Host Controller
Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
  bDeviceClass            9 Hub
  bDeviceProtocol         0 Full speed (or root) hub
  iProduct                2 OHCI Host Controller
Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
  bDeviceClass            9 Hub
  bDeviceProtocol         0 Full speed (or root) hub
  iProduct                2 OHCI Host Controller
Bus 001 Device 002: ID 05ac:8507 Apple, Inc. Built-in iSight
  bDeviceClass          239 Miscellaneous Device
  bDeviceProtocol         1 Interface Association
  iProduct                2 Built-in iSight
      (Bus Powered)
  bDeviceClass          239 Miscellaneous Device
  bDeviceProtocol         1 Interface Association
  (Bus Powered)
Bus 002 Device 002: ID 05ac:8403 Apple, Inc. Internal Memory Card Reader
  bDeviceClass            0 (Defined at Interface level)
  bDeviceProtocol         0 
  iProduct                4 Card Reader
      (Bus Powered)
  bDeviceClass            0 (Defined at Interface level)
  bDeviceProtocol         0 
  (Bus Powered)
Bus 004 Device 002: ID 05ac:0237 Apple, Inc. Internal Keyboard/Trackpad (ISO)
  bDeviceClass            0 (Defined at Interface level)
  bDeviceProtocol         0 
  iProduct                2 Apple Internal Keyboard / Trackpad
      (Bus Powered)
  (Bus Powered)
Bus 004 Device 003: ID 05ac:8242 Apple, Inc. IR Receiver [built-in]
  bDeviceClass            0 (Defined at Interface level)
  bDeviceProtocol         0 
  iProduct                2 IR Receiver
      (Bus Powered)
  (Bus Powered)
Bus 004 Device 004: ID 0a5c:4500 Broadcom Corp. BCM2046B1 USB 2.0 Hub (part of BCM2046 Bluetooth)
  bDeviceClass            9 Hub
  bDeviceProtocol         0 Full speed (or root) hub
  iProduct                2 BRCM2046 Hub
Bus 004 Device 005: ID 05ac:8213 Apple, Inc. 
  bDeviceClass          255 Vendor Specific Class
  bDeviceProtocol         1 
  iProduct                2 Bluetooth USB Host Controller