Taiwan's Indigenous Languages

This page is about developing language support for Taiwan's indigenous languages. It lists the information we have and ideas how to implement those languages into Debian.

0. Introduction

Taiwan has 14 recognized indigenous tribes, each with their own language and dialects. To date none of those languages is supported by any operating system on the market. Recently each of those languages got a language code in ISO 639-3. This gives us the opportunity to finally draw up locales for these languages and in a later step translate the OS into these languages.

All of these languages use Latin characters, some with diacritics.

1. Languages Overview

Language (engl.)

Language (mandarin)

Language (native)

ISO639-3

Proposed Locale

Collation

Remarks

Amis

阿美語

Panzah

ami

ami_TW

[a c-f h i k-n {ng} o p ʼ ^ r-u w-z]

Atayal

泰雅語

tay

tay_TW

[a-c e g-i k-n {ng} o-q ʼ r ṟ s-u w-z]

Bunun

布農語

bnn

bnn_TW

[a-d h i k-n {ng} p q ʼ s-v z]

Kavalan

噶瑪蘭語

ckv

ckv_TW

[a b e h i k-n {ng} p q ʼ R s-u w y z]

Paiwan

排灣語

pwn

pwn_TW

[a-d {dj} ḏ {dr} ṟ e g-i k l {lj} ḻ m n {ng} p q ʼ r-t {tj} ṯ u-w y z]

Puyuma

卑南語

pyu

pyu_TW

[a-d {dr} e g-i k l {lr} m n {ng} p ʼ r-w y z]

Rukai

魯凱語

dru

dru_TW

[a-d {dh} {dr} e é g-i ɨ k l {lr} m n {ng} o p ʼ r-t {th} {tr} u-w y z]

Sakizaya

撒奇萊雅語

ais

ais_TW

Same as Amis

Saisiyat

賽夏語

xsy

xsy_TW

[a {ae} b e h i k-n {ng} o {oe} p ʼ r s S t w y z ː]

Shao (Thao)

邵語

ssf

ssf_TW

[a b d f h i k l {lh} m n {ng} p q ʼ r s {sh} t {th} u w y z]

Tao (Yami)

達悟語

tao

tao_TW

[a-e g-n {ng} o p ʼ r-t v w y z]

Taroko

太魯閣語

Truku

trv

trv_TW

[a-e g-n {ng} o-u w-y]

Seediq

賽德克語

Seediq

Same as Taroko

Tsou

鄒語

Cou

tsu

tsu_TW

[a-c e f h {hl} i k-n {ng} o p ʼ r-u ʉ v y z]

2. Discussion

2.1. General Information

2.2. Keyboard Layout Ideas

The default keyboard layout in Taiwan is the standard US English layout (104 keys).

2.3 Proposed Keyboard Layouts

Proposed keyboard layout

3. Fonts with support for the special characters

Font

Debian pkg

Remarks

Charis SIL

ttf-sil-charis

Dejavu Sans

ttf-dejavu

Doulos SIL

ttf-sil-doulos

4. Locale Data Collection

trv Truku/Seediq

5. Additional Tribal Information (in tribal languages)

Surveyors