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You can't do it remote

Packaging Kopano and related packages

Kopano is the free open source variant of the Kopano Collaboration Platform from Kopano packaged for Debian. Kopano is the renamed Zarafa Collaboration Platform (ZCP) by Zarafa B.V. as a consequence started by a complete license change to AGPL started in 2015. Some parts are completely rewritten (like the archiver functions) and got integrated in the Kopano release from scratch.


Current State

  • kopanocore version 8.3.4-1 is in unstable (sid) and testing.

  • kopano-webapp version 3.3.1-1 is in experimental.

  • z-push version 2.3.7-1 is in unstable (sid) and testing.

  • Other kopano-* packages aren't packaged yet or prepared.


kopano-server, kopano-utils, kopano-dagent, ...


  • /!\ Please don't add any further TODOs here but report them as bugs against the kopanocore package.

  • Review and Forward patches against libical

  • Test full functionality
    • We'd need some Outlook users here, too...
  • test and fix init scripts
    • systemd compatibility
    • (./) error out when database is missing

    • (./) often hangs on stop

  • systemd unit files (partially done)
  • MTA integration
  • check package descriptions
  • logrotate (upstream available in installer/linux/kopano.logrotate, put in zarafa-common, split it per package)
  • check pre-/postinstall scripts: they do no error handling, don't include debhelper snippets
  • kopano-common: kill it with fire, no useful parts, still true?
  • Add mechanism to not conflict with packages from upstream
  • Autopkgtests
  • check for unneeded linked libraries and forward upstream
  • full hardening support

Further possible improvements:

  • Tweak default SSL settings in gateway.cfg and server.cfg
  • Add some security features to systemd service files (PrivateTmp=True, etc.)

  • Apparmor support


  • (./) Check place of the database while install (local or remote) -> Debconf (dbconfig-common)

  • (./) Review and Forward patches against libvmime

  • (./) Fix Lintian errors and warnings

  • (./) do not run as UID 0 (problematic for kopano-search, otherwise it is configurable in the config files and done in the Debian packages)

  • (./) import upstream version 8.3.2

  • (./) switch to debhelper 9

  • (./) Use dbconfig-common/Debconf to generate the initial configuration

    • database name
    • database user
    • database login
  • (./) Adding some basic autopkgtests



  • Lintian is complaining about
    • tinymce (TinyMCE currently overridden as Debian version is to old)

    • Fonts in the package (related to TinyMCE)
  • Adding mechanism to not conflict with packages from upstream


  • (./) Basic packaging, Alioth git repo: https://anonscm.debian.org/cgit/pkg-giraffe/kopano-webapp.git/

  • Lintian was complaining about
    • (./) jquery-1.6.2.min.js (removed and symlinked to libjs-jquery)

    • (./) player.swf and moxieplayer.swf (Upstream want to ship this, removed within Debian packaging)

    • (./) ext-{base,all}.js, prettify.js (removed and symlinked to libjs-extjs libjs-jac libjs-prettify)

  • (./) Adding some basic autopkgtests (python-selenium, chromium-driver phantomjs needed)

  • Support typical web server configurations basically, due the sensibility of the login data and the finally needed full configuration for https we don't enable the website configuration while install, the user needs to enable the configuration(s) explicitly afterwards.
    • (./) Apache2

      • (./) Default website is available via https, http is redirected to https (This requires finally a valid vhost!)

    • (./) NGinx

      • (./) Default website is available via https, http is redirected to https (This requires finally a valid vhost!)

    • (./) Lighttpd

      • (./) Default website is available via http, currently no redirection to https right now!


The d-push packages (the de-branded Debian version of z-push) are outdated and were removed in testing. The license for z-push has been changed to AGPL3 by Zarafa/Kopano so the re-branding isn't needed any more and Debian can use the upstream names.


  • Transmigrate the existing d-push packages into z-push variants
  • Use package names from upstream, but decrease to a minimum if possible

  • Create autopkgtests tests where possible
  • Ensure a smooth update on the user side


Roel van Meer is currently working on the z-push packages and has prepared version 2.3.7-1 that has entered experimental. https://github.com/roelvanmeer/z-push-packaging

The original source of this topics was long ago provided by GuidoGünther in https://honk.sigxcpu.org/piki/agx/publications/2011-06-debian-groupware-zs.pdf.

There was also a talk given on the Zarafa Tour 2015 in Hannover (in German)Talk-Hannover-ZarafaTour2015.pdf. On the Kopano Conference in 2016 Guido was giving also a talk about the current state of Kopano in Debian.

Using KVM for testing

You probably wont use your current system to test the kopano packages and that's a good idea so far. KVM is a good alternative for testing because it's supporting snapshot mechanism for easy using and resetting of installations.

Installing needed KVM components

Installation is easy as it's simply a one liner.

$ sudo apt-get install qemu-kvm bridge-utils virt-manager virtinst

Further preparations

After this ensure you are a member of the group 'libvirt'

$ sudo usermod -aG libvirt [YOUR_USERNAME]

The virtual network adapter inside the libvirt environment is disabled per default so before to continue start it.

$ virsh -c qemu:///system net-autostart default
$ virsh -c qemu:///system net-start default

The next calls maybe not really needed, but on the other hand it's no problem if the storage pools already up, so just to throw possible issues away.

$ virsh -c qemu:///system pool-start default
$ virsh -c qemu:///system pool-start boot-scratch

Installation of a virtual image

After the finishing of the preparation from above you can install a first image. The installation can be done as known done fully automated by a preseed file, Guido has prepared file preseed.cfg. Download the file for example to the 'Downloads' folder within your home directory.

$ wget -P $HOME/Downloads http://honk.sigxcpu.org/projects/libvirt/preseed/preseed.cfg

Next you can set up a install, for example based on the unstable release amd64 and named unstable-amd64-kopano.

$ RELEASE=unstable
$ NAME=kopano
$ DIST=amd64
$ virt-install --connect=qemu:///system \
               --cpu host \
               --os-variant linux \
               --location="http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/dists/$RELEASE/main/installer-$DIST" \
               --initrd-inject=$HOME/Downloads/preseed.cfg \
               --extra-args="auto" \
               --name $RELEASE-$DIST-$NAME --ram=512 \

This will install a image named 'unstable-amd64-kopano.qcow2' with a size of 10GB under /var/lib/libvirt/images/. After the install the image will boot automatically.

You can't do it remote

Usage of KVM images

to fill out