What is GNOME?
The GNOME Desktop is an attractive and useful desktop environment. GNOME is both free and one of the most widely used desktop environments on the GNU/Linux operating system.
GNOME in Debian
DebianSqueeze includes GNOME 2.30.
DebianWheezy includes GNOME 3.4.
DebianJessie includes GNOME 3.14.
DebianUnstable is currently tracking GNOME 3.18.
There are four options to install GNOME in Debian:
How to install
GNOME desktop task
tasksel see below
Debian's selection of applications
The full GNOME environment, including applications that are not officially part of the Upstream GNOME releases.
The official upstream GNOME environment, minus a few packages.
GNOME (core only)
Only the official “core” modules of the GNOME desktop. Above packages depend on this one.
Watch out recommended packages (i.e. packages dependencies) !
(you might or might not want to install them).
gnome-core-devel - The development packages to compile GNOME dependent packages from source.
gnome-devel - A full development suite for developing GNOME-based applications.
gnome-api-docs - The complete API documentation for all GNOME libraries
gnome-dbg - All available debugging symbols for GNOME packages
Installing "GNOME Desktop" task
The GNOME Desktop task is what is installed by Debian-Installer's Desktop "task" (unless you picked another DesktopEnvironment !).
apt-get install aptitude taskselThen, install the GNOME task:
tasksel install gnome-desktop --new-install
(The option --new-install ensure we end-up with what DebianInstaller would have installed ).
#tasksel -t install gnome-desktop aptitude -q --without-recommends -o APT::Install-Recommends=no -y install ~t^desktop$ ~t^gnome-desktop$
As of DebianWheezy, this corresponds to:
Most configuration of the GNOME desktop is done via its various GUI utilities. The location of these varies depending on version, but common utilities include networking, themes, sounds and much more. It is also possible to configure (read/write) settings using the command line with gconftool(2) or gsettings (1).
https://www.gnome.org The GNOME Website
http://news.gnome.org/ GNOME News
https://extensions.gnome.org/ GNOME Extensions
https://wiki.gnome.org/Apps GNOME Applications
http://www.gnomefiles.org Categorized list of GNOME programs.
About GNOME for Debian:
http://pkg-gnome.alioth.debian.org/ Debian GNOME Packaging
https://www.0d.be/debian/debian-gnome-3.4-status.html Status of GNOME 3.4 in Debian
https://www.0d.be/debian/debian-gnome-3.14-status.html Status of GNOME 3.14 in Debian
https://lists.debian.org/debian-gtk-gnome/ Debian / GNOME Mailing list