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 * [http://survivor.sarovar.org/] Debian GNOME Survival Guide.

 * IRC channel #gnome-debian on [http://www.xach.com/gimpnet/ GimpNET] ;

[:DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation:Translation(s)]: [:DebianGnome:English] - [:fr/DebianGnome:Français]

(!) [:/Discussion:Discussion]

What is GNOME?

The [http://www.gnome.org GNOME] Desktop is an attractive and useful desktop environment. GNOME is both free and one of the most widely used desktop environments on the GNU/Linux operating system.

Gnome in Debian

Debian 5.0 Lenny includes GNOME 2.22 (and some bits of gnome 2.20 that are more stable that 2.22).

There are four options to install Gnome in Debian:

How to install


"Gnome Desktop"

tasksel [#task see below]

Debian's selection of applications?BR(This is what is installed on a freshly installed system. It include some applications non gnome.org applications, like openoffice, iceweasel, inkscape...)

Gnome (Upstream)

gnome package

The standard/upstream distribution of the GNOME desktop environment?BR (plus a complete range of plugins and other applications integrating with GNOME and Debian, providing the best possible environment to date.)

Gnome Desktop-Environnement

gnome-desktop-environment package

A subset "Gnome (Upstream)", used by the Debian's "Gnome Desktop" task

Gnome (core only)

gnome-core package

This is a minimalist gnome installation?BR(You have to installation all end-user applications later). Above packages depend on this on.

  • {i} Watch out recommended packages (i.e packages dependencies) !?BR (you might of might not want to install them).


Installing "Gnome Desktop" task

Gnome Desktop task is what is installed by Debian-Installer's Desktop "task" (unless you picked another DesktopEnvironment !).

  • To install it, first make sure that tasksel and aptitude:

    apt-get install aptitude tasksel
    Then, install the gnome task:
    tasksel install gnome-desktop --new-install
  • (The option --new-install ensure we end-up with what DebianInstaller would have installed ).




The "Gnome Desktop" task is actually the sum of [wiki:tasksel tasksel]'s common desktop (desktop) and [wiki:tasksel tasksel]'s selected desktop (gnome-desktop) :

  • # tasksel -t install gnome desktop 
    debconf-apt-progress -- aptitude -q --without-recommends -o APT::Install-Recommends=no -y install ~t^desktop$ ~t^gnome-desktop$ 

At the time of writing (DebianLenny rc1), this corresponds to:

(#tasksel --task-packages desktop ; tasksel --task-packages gnome-desktop) | sort -u

Other metapackages

  • A smaller set of apps, comprising the official GNOME desktop release: gnome-desktop-environment.

  • For a bare minimum installation of GNOME: gnome-core.

  • A set of additional productivity applications: gnome-fifth-toe.

  • The development packages to compile GNOME dependent packages from source: gnome-core-devel.

  • A full development suite for developing GNOME-based applications: gnome-devel.


Most configuration of the GNOME desktop is done via its various [wiki:GUI GUI] utilities. The location of these varies depending on version, but common utilities include networking, themes, sounds and much more. It is also possible to configure (read/write) settings using the command line with gconftool(2).

See also :

About GNOME for Debian: