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|| "Gnome Desktop" || tasksel [[#task|see below]] || Debian's selection of applications<<BR>>('''This is what is installed on a freshly installed system'''. It include some applications non gnome.org applications, like openoffice, iceweasel, inkscape...) ||
|| Gnome ''(Upstream)'' || DebPkg:gnome package || The standard/'''upstream distribution''' of the GNOME desktop environment<<BR>> (plus a complete range of plugins and other applications integrating with GNOME and Debian, providing the best possible environment to date.) ||
|| Gnome ''Desktop-Environnement'' || DebPkg:gnome-desktop-environment package || A subset "Gnome ''(Upstream)''", '''used by the Debian's "Gnome Desktop" task''' ||
|| Gnome (core only) || DebPkg:gnome-core package || This is a '''minimalist gnome installation'''<<BR>>(You have to installation all end-user applications later). Above packages depend on this on.||
|| GNOME desktop task || tasksel [[#task|see below]] || Debian's selection of applications<<BR>>('''This is what is installed on a freshly installed system'''. It includes some applications that do not really integrate with GNOME, like OpenOffice.org and iceweasel) ||
|| GNOME ''(Debian)'' || DebPkg:gnome package || The full GNOME environment, including applications that are not officially part of the Upstream GNOME releases.<<BR>>It provides the recommended GNOME environment for Debian. ||
|| GNOME ''(Upstream)'' || DebPkg:gnome-desktop-environment package || The official upstream GNOME environment, minus a few packages.<<BR>>It is the closest to upstream recommendations. ||
|| GNOME accessibility || DebPkg:gnome-accessibility package || The accessibility components of the GNOME desktop:<<BR>>screen reader, mouse utilities, magnifier… ||
|| GNOME (core only) || DebPkg:gnome-core package || This is a '''minimalist gnome installation'''<<BR>>(You have to installa all end-user applications later). Above packages depend on this one.||
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 * DebPkg:gnome-api-docs - The complete API documentation for all GNOME libraries
 * DebPkg:gnome-dbg - All available debugging symbols for GNOME packages
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''Gnome Desktop'' task is what is installed by Debian-Installer's {{{Desktop}}} ''"task"'' (unless you picked another DesktopEnvironment !). The ''GNOME Desktop'' task is what is installed by Debian-Installer's {{{Desktop}}} ''"task"'' (unless you picked another DesktopEnvironment !).
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If you have got CD or DVD rom with gnome on it. You can use apt-cdrom add to add that disc to sources.list and then apt-get update followed by apt-get install gnome

Translation(s): English - Français - 简体中文

(!) ?Discussion


What is GNOME?

The GNOME Desktop is an attractive and useful desktop environment. GNOME is both free and one of the most widely used desktop environments on the GNU/Linux operating system.

Gnome in Debian

Debian 5.0 Lenny includes GNOME 2.22 (and some bits of gnome 2.20 that are more stable that 2.22).

There are four options to install Gnome in Debian:

How to install

Description

GNOME desktop task

tasksel see below

Debian's selection of applications
(This is what is installed on a freshly installed system. It includes some applications that do not really integrate with GNOME, like OpenOffice.org and iceweasel)

GNOME (Debian)

gnome package

The full GNOME environment, including applications that are not officially part of the Upstream GNOME releases.
It provides the recommended GNOME environment for Debian.

GNOME (Upstream)

gnome-desktop-environment package

The official upstream GNOME environment, minus a few packages.
It is the closest to upstream recommendations.

GNOME accessibility

gnome-accessibility package

The accessibility components of the GNOME desktop:
screen reader, mouse utilities, magnifier…

GNOME (core only)

gnome-core package

This is a minimalist gnome installation
(You have to installa all end-user applications later). Above packages depend on this one.

  • {i} Watch out recommended packages (i.e packages dependencies) !
    (you might or might not want to install them).

For developers:

  • gnome-core-devel - The development packages to compile GNOME dependent packages from source.

  • gnome-devel - A full development suite for developing GNOME-based applications.

  • gnome-api-docs - The complete API documentation for all GNOME libraries

  • gnome-dbg - All available debugging symbols for GNOME packages

Installing "Gnome Desktop" task

The GNOME Desktop task is what is installed by Debian-Installer's Desktop "task" (unless you picked another DesktopEnvironment !).

  • To install it, first make sure that tasksel and aptitude:

    apt-get install aptitude tasksel
    Then, install the gnome task:
    tasksel install gnome-desktop --new-install
  • (The option --new-install ensure we end-up with what DebianInstaller would have installed ).

Content

FYI,

The "Gnome Desktop" task is actually the sum of tasksel's common desktop (desktop) and tasksel's selected desktop (gnome-desktop) :

  • #tasksel -t install gnome desktop 
    debconf-apt-progress -- aptitude -q --without-recommends -o APT::Install-Recommends=no -y install ~t^desktop$ ~t^gnome-desktop$ 

At the time of writing (DebianLenny rc1), this corresponds to:

(tasksel --task-packages desktop ; tasksel --task-packages gnome-desktop) | sort -u

Configuration

Most configuration of the GNOME desktop is done via its various GUI utilities. The location of these varies depending on version, but common utilities include networking, themes, sounds and much more. It is also possible to configure (read/write) settings using the command line with gconftool(2).

See also

About GNOME for Debian: