Debian Glossary Only.
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Or you can add it yourself. If you can't define it yourself you can put ToDo instead, but always check the sites mentioned above - if it isn't Debian-specific, a link to an existing definition elsewhere is likely to be more helpful.
A Debian member who advocates an application. Advocates should know the applicant fairly well and should be able to give an overview of the applicant's work, interests and plans. Advocates are often the sponsors of an applicant.
- Alioth (guest) account
People willing to participate in the packaging or development of a software can ask for an Alioth guest account, then ask for commit rights to a given project.
- Application Manager
A Debian member who is assigned to an applicant to collect the information needed by the Debian account managers to decide about an application. One application manager can be assigned to more than one Applicant.
Debian's Advanced Package Tool (or perhaps Advanced Packaging Tool) - a library that handles fetching the list of packages, resolving package dependencies, etc. It then uses dpkg to perform the actual package installation, removal, etc. The package apt provides the commandline tools apt-get and apt-cache, but other APT front-ends exist such as aptitude and synaptic.
Backports are packages from testing and unstable which can run on a stable Debian distribution.
Short for Bug Tracking System
A system for synchronising bug status in the Debian BTS with bug tracking systems like Bugzilla. See this mail.
Short for Common Debian Build System (provided by cdbs)
- Custom Debian Distributions (CDD)
The old name for subsets of Debian configured to support a particular target group out-of-the-box. Now known as Debian Pure Blends
The Debian Developer's Packages Overview, which lists the packages maintained by a Debian Developer or Team
- Debian Account
- Debian Account Manager (DAM)
- Debian Developer (DD)
A Debian Project member who has gone through the New Maintainer process and had their application accepted is called a Debian Developer. (ToDo: DD/DM/DC/etc should all link to one central explanation of the distinction between them)
- Debian-Installer (D-I)
Debian Installer is the software used to initially install Debian on your hard disk. This should not be confused with the software used to install extra packaged software on a running Debian system (see apt).
- Debian New Maintainer
- Debian Maintainer (DM)
1. The status of a person who has passed the Debian Maintainer process. A Debian Maintainer is granted some rights to manage packages, in particular the right to upload packages to the archive. DMs aren't voting members of the Debian Project.
- Debian Policy Manual
- The document that describes what packages should contain, how they should be configured, and generally how packages fit together to create a Debian system.
- Debian Project
An organization of free software developers spread around the world with a common goal, to produce a completely free operating system. See the Debian web pages for more information.
- Debian Pure Blends
A subset of Debian that is configured to support a particular target group out-of-the-box. Debian Pure Blends were formerly known as Custom Debian Distributions (CDD).
Short for Debian External Health Status (see DEHS).
See Debian Maintainer.
The Debian Python Modules Team, who work to improve the Python modules situation in Debian.
The Debian System Administrators team, who handle the basic infrastructure of the project.
- Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS)
the FilesystemHierarchyStandard defines the main directories and their contents in Linux and other Unix-like computer operating systems. The Debian Policy Manual only explains the exceptions applying to Debian.
The distribution development freeze is a period of time when the Debian Project is working to finalize and stabilize the content of the testing distribution (resolving release critical bugs, making final tweaks to Debian-Installer, deciding the contents of the CDs, etc.) before it can be released as stable. Debian's release policy is one of Release when Ready, so the length of the freeze period isn't fixed, but it tends to last something like six months.
- Front Desk
Short for "Intent to Translate", used by a translator who intends to start translating a document. This like the above is a mechanism to prevent duplication of efforts; see DDP.
- Mass bug filing
Reporting a great number of bugs for the same problem. See the Debian Developer's Reference.
Short for Mass Bug Filing.
- NMU (Non-maintainer upload)
A version of a package that wasn't uploaded by one of it's official Maintainer, but rather by another developer. This typically occurs when the maintainer is on holiday, for mass bug filing and security updates (see Debian Developer's Reference). See NonMaintainerUpload.
- NVIU (Newer Version In Unstable)
- Used in bug reports for package removal, to indicate a more recent version is already packaged.
A package has been "Orphaned". It needs a new maintainer as soon as possible. If the package has a Priority higher or equal to standard, the severity should be set to important. (see WNPP).
In Documentation : as the package equivalent, this means that the author intents to orphan a given set of documentation. (see DDP).
- PAPT (Python Applications Packaging Team)
- Package Tracking System (PTS)
The Package Tracking System lets you follow almost everything related to the life of a package. It's of interest for co-maintainers, advanced users, QA members, ... See qa.debian.org/pts
apt-pinning allows you to install a different version of the software used in your distribution (like backports).
- piuparts (Package Installation, UPgrading And Removal Testing Suite)
1. Popularity contest (popcon) is a package (popularity-contest) that periodically and anonymously submit some statistics about the most used Debian packages on a system.
2. The popcon score of a package is meant to reflect the popularity of a package in Debian (see http://popcon.debian.org/).
- PTS (Package Tracking System)
- Acronym for Quality Assurance
the root user (uid 0), often named Super-User can do anything on a system (equivalent to "Administrator" on some systems). (see Root)
- the root directory is the top level directory "/".
- root's directory "/root" is the root user's home directory.
- RFA (Request for Adoption)
Due to lack of time, resources, interest or something similar, the current maintainer is asking for someone else to maintain this package. They will maintain it in the meantime, but perhaps not in the best possible way. In short: the package needs a new maintainer. (see WNPP).
- RFD (Request for Documentation)
A user that detects that a given document (manual or other) on a given topic is not yet available on the DDP can ask for it using this tag. DDP members will give priority when deciding which documents need to be written to requests on a given document by a number of users. (see DDP).
- RFH (Request For Help)
The current maintainer wants to continue to maintain this package, but they need some help to do this, because their time is limited or the package is quite big and needs several maintainers. (see WNPP).
- RFP (Request For Package)
Someone has found an interesting piece of software and would like someone else to maintain it for Debian. (see WNPP).
- RoRT (Request of Release Team)
Used in bug reports for package removal, to indicate issues as confirmed by the Release Team.
A Debian Member who acts as the mentor of an Applicant: They check packages provided by the Applicant and help to find problems and to improve the packaging. When the sponsor is satisfied with the package, they upload it on behalf of the Applicant to the Debian archive. The Applicant is recorded as the maintainer of such a package, despite the fact Applicants aren't allowed to upload packages themselves.
unstable is the Debian distribution where you can find the latest packages introduced into the Debian system.
- user private groups
User private groups is a system configuration idiom which allows users to collaborate by granting shared access to a directory and its content. Access is controlled by associating each collaborative project team with a Un*x group and then granting Un*x group membership to the userids of the designated project members.
- WNPP (Work-Needing and Prospective Packages)
- Zombie Maintainer
A zombie maintainer is a maintainer who does no work on a package but refuses to orphan it. The package bit-rots away in the clutches of his undead hands as he drifts on the margins of existence. His grumblings are occasionally heard on Debian mailing lists --- just enough to keep himself from being pronounced MIA, which would be grounds for deeming the package orphaned.
Not much is known about these beings; however, experts in paranormal phenomena claim that once a maintainer has become a zombie he cannot let a package go until his work on it is done. However, having lost his spirit, the zombie is incapable of making any progress. The predictable result is that the package becomes a Slum.
What is certain is that there is a subclass of zombies whom we shall call "guardians". A guardian zombie holds on to a package while justifying himself by saying that he is doing Debian the service of protecting his package from damage in the hands of a mortal maintainer. A guardian zombie may go so far as to invite NMUs, some of which he will allow to pass without comment, to others of which he will react with howls of protest and mutterings of 'my precious'.
- File-extension used for package of debian-based distribution.
File-extension used for package containing Debian-Installer modules. do not install it in a regular system.