Differences between revisions 1 and 47 (spanning 46 versions)
Revision 1 as of 2007-08-14 06:38:44
Size: 1365
Editor: FranklinPiat
Comment: Initial Page
Revision 47 as of 2009-10-19 07:33:22
Size: 16636
Editor: FranklinPiat
Comment: add freeze
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 1: Line 1:
||<tablestyle="align:left">Jump to :[[BR]][[TableOfContents(1)]]||
[[Anchor(0)]]
#language en
||<tablestyle="float:right; width:160px; background:transparent; margin: 0 0 1em 1em;" style="padding:0.5em; border-style:none;"> {{attachment:Debian_Jargon-160x160.png}} ||
<<BR>>
''Debian Glossary Only.''

If you don't find the entry you wanted, visit PolicyGlossary, [[http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html|tldp.org]]'s Linux-Dictionary, [[http://www.wikipedia.org|wikipedia.org]], [[http://www.jargondb.org/|jargondb.org]] computer jargon, [[http://en.wiktionary.org/|wiktionary.org]], etc. <<BR>>(You can add an entry. Put ''ToDo'' instead of definition if you can't write it yourself)
## Kernel ? http://kernelnewbies.org/KernelGlossary
<<BR>>
||<tablestyle="text-align:center;background-color:#ddd;width:100%">Jump to : [[Glossary#0|0]] - [[Glossary#A|A]] [[Glossary#B|B]] [[Glossary#C|C]] [[Glossary#D|D]] [[Glossary#E|E]] [[Glossary#F|F]] [[Glossary#G|G]] [[Glossary#H|H]] [[Glossary#I|I]] [[Glossary#J|J]] [[Glossary#K|K]] [[Glossary#L|L]] [[Glossary#M|M]] [[Glossary#N|N]] [[Glossary#P|P]] [[Glossary#Q|Q]] [[Glossary#R|R]] [[Glossary#S|S]] [[Glossary#T|T]] [[Glossary#U|U]] [[Glossary#V|V]] [[Glossary#W|W]] [[Glossary#X|X]] [[Glossary#Y|Y]] [[Glossary#Z|Z]] ''~-Symbols :-~'' [[Glossary#Dot|.(dot)]] ||

<<Anchor(0)>>
Line 4: Line 13:
 0 : see also [#root"]

[[Anchor(A)]]
 0 :: uid 0, see also [[#root|root]]
 
<<Anchor(A)>>
Line 8: Line 17:

[[Anchor(B)]]
<<Anchor(advocate)>>
 Advocate :: A [[#debian-member|Debian member]] that advocates an application. They should know the [[#applicant|applicant]] fairly well and should be able to give an overview of the applicant's work, interests and plans. Advocates are often the [[#sponsor|sponsors]] of an applicant.

<<Anchor(alioth)>>
 Alioth :: [[Alioth]] is a collaborative development environment based on the [[http://fusionforge.org|FusionForge]] software and aimed at the Debian project and community.

<<Anchor(alioth-account)>>
 Alioth (guest) account :: People willing to participate in the packaging or development of a software can ask for an [[#alioth|Alioth]] ''guest'' account, then ask for commit right to a given project.

<<Anchor(applicant)>>
 Applicant :: A person requesting membership in the [[#debian-project|Debian project]]; prospective [[#debian-developer|Debian developer]].

<<Anchor(application-manager)>>
 Application Manager :: A [[#debian-member|Debian member]] who is assigned to an [[#applicant|applicant]] to collect the information needed by the [[#debian-account-manager|Debian account managers]] to decide about an application. One application manager can be assigned to more than one Applicant.

<<Anchor(apt)>>
 APT (Advanced Packaging Tool) :: 1. A library that handle fetching the list of packages, resolving packages dependency, etc. It then uses DebianPkg:dpkg to perform the actual package installation, removal, etc. <<BR>> 2. APT is commonly used to refer to the front-end tools that uses the library (especially DebianMan:apt-get and DebianMan:aptitude, but also GUI tools like DebianPkg:synaptic).


<<Anchor(B)>>
Line 12: Line 39:
[[Anchor(C)]] <<Anchor(bts)>>
 BTS :: Acronym for Bug Tracking System
##see [[BTS]]

<<Anchor(bts-link)>>
 bts-link :: A system for synchronising bug status in the Debian BTS with upstream bug tracking systems like Bugzilla. See [[http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2006/05/msg00001.html|this mail]].

<<Anchor(C)>>
Line 15: Line 49:
[[Anchor(D)]] <<Anchor(cdbs)>>
 CDBS :: Acronym for Common Debian Build System.
##see [[CDBS]]

<<Anchor(cdd)>>
 CDD (Custom Debian Distributions) :: See [[#custom-debian-distribution|Custom Debian Distributions]]


<<Anchor(custom-debian-distribution)>>
 Custom Debian Distributions (CDD) :: The old name for subset of Debian that are configured to support a particular target group out-of-the-box. Now known as [[#debian-pure-blend|Debian Pure Blends]]

<<Anchor(D)>>
Line 18: Line 63:
[[Anchor(d-i)]]
[[Anchor(D-I)]]
 D-I :: see [#Debian-Installer]

[[Anchor(Debian-Installer)]]
 Debian-Installer :: Debian Installer is the set of program used to install Debian on your hard disk "The first day". '''It is not''' the program you use to install (add|remove) more program (packages) once Debian Installed (see [#Apt]).

[[Anchor(E)]]
<<Anchor(dam)>>
 DAM (Debian Account Manager) :: See [[#debian-account-manager|Debian Account Manager]].

<<Anchor(DDPO)>>
 DDPO (Debian Developer's Packages Overview) :: the list of the packages maintained by a Debian Developper or a Team (see [[http://qa.debian.org/developer.php]])

<<Anchor(debian-account)>>
 Debian Account :: A Debian account is typically the login account of a [[#debian-developer|Debian Developer]]. The term Debian Account is sometime also used to refer to [[#debian-maintainer|Debian Maintainer]] account. See also [[#alioth-account|Alioth account]].

<<Anchor(debian-account-manager)>>
 Debian Account Manager (DAM) :: A [[#debian-member|Debian member]] that was delegated to manage the [[#debian-account|Debian account]] creation and removal by the [[#debian-project-leader|Debian project leader]]. The DAM has the final decision over an application.

<<Anchor(debian-developer)>>
 Debian Developer (DD) :: A [[#debian-project|Debian Project]] member, who has gone through the [[#new-maintainer|new maintainer]] process and had their application accepted.

<<Anchor(debian-installer)>>
 Debian-Installer (D-I) :: Debian Installer is the set of program used to install Debian on your hard disk "The first day". '''It is not''' the program you use to install (add|remove) more program (packages) once Debian Installed (see [[#apt|apt]]).

<<Anchor(debian-maintainer))>>
 Debian Maintainer (DM) :: 1. The status of a person who passed the [[Maintainers|Debian Maintainer]] process. A Debian Maintainers is granted some of the rights to manage packages, especially the right to upload packages to the [[#debian-archive|archive]]. DM aren't member of the Debian Project (i.e they can't vote).
 2. See also package [[#maintainer||Maintainer]] and [[#debian-developer|Debian Developer]], [[#alioth-account|Alioth account]].

<<Anchor(debian-member)>>
 Debian Member :: The member of the [[#debian-project|Debian Project]] are named [[#debian-developer|Debian Developers]].

<<Anchor(debian-project)>>
 Debian Project:: An organization of free software developers spread around the world with a common goal, to produce a completely free operating system. See the [[http://www.debian.org/intro/about|Debian web pages]] for more information.

<<Anchor(debian-pure-blend)>>
 Debian Pure Blends :: A subset of Debian that is configured to support a particular target group out-of-the-box. [[DebianPureBlends|Debian Pure Blends]] were formerly known as Custom Debian Distributions (CDD).

<<Anchor(dehs)>>
 DEHS :: Acronym for Debian External Health Status.
##see [[DEHS]]

<<Anchor(d-i)>>
<<Anchor(D-I)>>
 D-I (Debian-Installer) :: see [[#debian-installer|Debian-Installer]]

<<Anchor(dm)>>
 DM (Debian Maintainer) :: See [[#debian-maintainer|Debian Maintainer (DM)]].

<<Anchor(dpmt)>>
 DPMT (Debian Python Modules Team):: see [[Teams/PythonModulesTeam|Debian Python Modules Team]]

<<Anchor(E)>>
Line 28: Line 111:
[[Anchor(F)]]
<<
Anchor(F)>>
Line 31: Line 115:
[[Anchor(G)]] <<Anchor(freeze)>>
 Freeze :: The distribution development freeze is a period of time, when Debian Project finalize to stabilize the content of the [[DebianTesting|testing]] distribution, in order to release it. (i.e resolving release critical bugs, making final tweaks to Debian-Installer, deciding Debian-CDs content, etc.). Due to Debian's release policy, which is mostly driven by the ''Release when Ready'' motto, The length of the freeze period isn't fixed. FYI, in the past, it usually took a few month (6 month or more).

<<Anchor(front-desk)>>
 Front Desk :: The front desk members receive the initial [[#applicant|applications]], [[#advocate|advocation]] messages and final application reports. They are the point of contact if problems with the application arise.

<<Anchor(G)>>
Line 34: Line 124:
[[Anchor(H)]] <<Anchor(H)>>
Line 37: Line 127:
[[Anchor(I)]] <<Anchor(I)>>
Line 39: Line 129:

[[Anchor(J)]]
<<Anchor(ianal)>>
 IANAL (I am not a lawyer) :: often used on [[http://lists.debian.org/debian-legal|debian-legal]] mailing list. ~-(see [[WikiPedia:IANAL]] on Wikipedia)-~.

<<Anchor(ita)>>
 ITA (Intents to Adopt) :: In documentation, this means that the author intents to adopt a given set of documentation. ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/ddp-policy/ch-feedback.html|DDP]])-~.

<<Anchor(itd)>>
 ITD (Intend to Document) :: a documentation maintainer that is going to start writing a document. The use of the [[#wnpp|WNPP]] for avoids people duplicating effort writing the same documentation. ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/ddp-policy/ch-feedback.html|DDP]])-~.

<<Anchor(itp)>>
 ITP (Intent To Package) :: Someone (a [[#DD|DD]] or [[#maintainer|Maintainer]]) intends to package a software ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp/#tag-rfa|WNPP]])-~.

<<Anchor(itt)>>
 ITT (Intend to Translate) :: a translator is going to start translating a document. As above, this tries to prevent duplicate efforts ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/ddp-policy/ch-feedback.html|DDP]])-~.

<<Anchor(J)>>
Line 43: Line 147:
[[Anchor(K)]] <<Anchor(K)>>
Line 46: Line 150:
[[Anchor(L)]] <<Anchor(L)>>
Line 49: Line 153:
[[Anchor(M)]] <<Anchor(M)>>
Line 51: Line 155:

[[Anchor(N)]]
<<Anchor(maintainer)>>
 Maintainer :: 1. The maintainer of a package is the person, or group of person that are responsible for a package (packaging, bugs, etc.) see [[http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-binary.html#s3.3|Debian Policy]].
 2. See [[#debian-maintainer|Debian Maintainer (DM)]].

<<Anchor(mass-bug-filing)>>
 Mass bug filing :: Reporting a great number of bugs for the same problem ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/doc/developers-reference/beyond-pkging.html#submit-many-bugs|Debian Developer's Reference]])-~.


<<Anchor(mbf)>>
 MBF (Mass bug filing) :: See [[#mass-bug-filing|Mass Bug Filing]].

<<Anchor(micro-kernel)>>
 Micro Kernel :: A Micro Kernel is a minimalistic operating system kernel which provides only the most basic services, which generally include tasks, virtual memory policy, Inter Process Communication and basic hardware drivers. Examples of micro kernels are Mach (and GNUMach, OSKit-Mach) and L4. ~-(sea also Wikipedia WikiPedia:Micro_kernel )-~

<<Anchor(multi-server)>>
 Multi Server :: Multi server refers to a system which has several servers working together running on a [[#micro-kernel|MicroKernel]] to perform the tasks normally done by a monolithic kernel; this is in contrast to a single server which is akin to a monolithic kernel running on a micro kernel.

<<Anchor(N)>>
Line 54: Line 174:

[[Anchor(O)]]
<<Anchor(nmu)>>
 NMU (Non-maintainer upload):: A version of a package that wasn't uploaded by one of it's ''official'' [[#maintainer|Maintainer]], but rather by another developer. This typically occurs when the maintainer is on holiday, for [[#mass bug filing|mass bug filing]] and security updates ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/doc/developers-reference/pkgs.html#nmu|Debian Developer's Reference]])-~.

<<Anchor(O)>>
Line 57: Line 179:

[[Anchor(P)]]
 O:: see [[#orphaned|Orphaned]]

<<Anchor(orphaned)>>
 Orphaned:: A package has been "Orphaned". It needs a new maintainer as soon as possible. If the package has a Priority higher or equal to standard, the severity should be set to important. ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp/#tag-o|WNPP]])-~.
 :: ''In Documentation'' : as the package equivalent, this means that the author intents to orphan a given set of documentation. ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/ddp-policy/ch-feedback.html|DDP]])-~.

<<Anchor(P)>>
Line 60: Line 187:

[[Anchor(Q)]]
<<Anchor(papt)>>
 PAPT (Python Applications Packaging Team) :: see [[Teams/PythonAppsPackagingTeam|Python Applications Packaging Team]]

<<Anchor(package-tracking-system)>>
 Package Tracking System (PTS):: The Package Tracking System lets you follow almost everything related to the life of a package. It's of interest for co-maintainers, advanced users, QA members, ... See [[qa.debian.org/pts]]

<<Anchor(piuparts)>>
 piuparts (Package Installation, UPgrading And Removal Testing Suite) :: see [[piuparts]]


<<Anchor(popcon)>>
 popcon :: 1. Popularity contest (popcon) is a package ([[DebianPkg:popularity-contest]]) that periodically and anonymously submit some statistics about the most used Debian packages on a system.
 :: 2. The popcon score of a package is meant to reflect the popularity of a package in Debian (see [[http://popcon.debian.org/]]).

<<Anchor(PTS)>>
 PTS (Package Tracking System) :: see [[#package-tracking-system|Package Tracking System]]


<<Anchor(Q)>>
Line 63: Line 207:

[[Anchor(R)]]
<<Anchor(qa)>>
 QA :: Acronym for Quality Assurance
##see [[DebianQuality]]

<<Anchor(R)>>
Line 66: Line 213:

[[Anchor(S)]]
<<Anchor(root)>>
 root ::

  1. the root user (uid 0), often named ''Super-User'' can do anything on a system (equivalent to "Administrator" on some systems). ''(see [[Root]])''
  1. the root directory is the top level directory "/".
  1. root's directory "/root" is the root user's home directory.

<<Anchor(rfa)>>
 RFA (Request for Adoption) :: Due to lack of time, resources, interest or something similar, the current maintainer is asking for someone else to maintain this package. They will maintain it in the meantime, but perhaps not in the best possible way. In short: the package needs a new maintainer. ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp/#tag-rfa|WNPP]])-~.

<<Anchor(rfd)>>
 RFD (Request for Documentation):: A user that detects that a given document (manual or other) on a given topic is not yet available on the DDP can ask for it using this tag. DDP members will give priority when deciding which documents need to be written to requests on a given document by a number of users. ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/ddp-policy/ch-feedback.html|DDP]])-~.

<<Anchor(rfh)>>
 RFH (Request For Help) :: The current maintainer wants to continue to maintain this package, but they need some help to do this, because their time is limited or the package is quite big and needs several maintainers. ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp/#tag-rfh|WNPP]])-~.

 RFP (Request For Package) :: Someone has found an interesting piece of software and would like someone else to maintain it for Debian. ~-(see [[http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp/#tag-rfp|WNPP]])-~.

<<Anchor(S)>>
Line 69: Line 233:

[[Anchor(T)]]
<<Anchor(sponsor)>>
 Sponsor :: A [[#debian-member|Debian Member]] who acts as the mentor of an [[#applicant|Applicant]]: They check packages provided by the Applicant and help to find problems and to improve the packaging. When the sponsor is satisfied with the package, they [[#Upload|upload]] it on behalf of the Applicant to the [[#debian-archive|Debian archive]]. The Applicant is recorded as the [[#maintainer|maintainer]] of such a package, despite the fact Applicants aren't allowed to upload packages themselves.

<<Anchor(T)>>
Line 72: Line 238:

[[Anchor(U)]]
<<Anchor(tinla)>>
 TINLA (This is not legal advice) :: often used on [[http://lists.debian.org/debian-legal|debian-legal]] mailing list. ~-(see [[WikiPedia:IANAL]] on Wikipedia)-~.

<<Anchor(U)>>
Line 76: Line 244:
[[Anchor(V)]] <<Anchor(V)>>
Line 79: Line 247:
[[Anchor(W)]] <<Anchor(W)>>
Line 81: Line 249:

[[Anchor(Z)]]
<<Anchor(wnpp)>>
 WNPP (Work-Needing and Prospective Packages) :: A list of packages in need of new maintainers and prospective packages in Debian (see [[http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp/]], [[#itp|ITP]], [[#orphan|O]], [[#rfa|RFA]], [[#rfh|RFH]], [[#rfp|RFP]]).

<<Anchor(Z)>>
Line 85: Line 255:
[[Anchor(Y)]] <<Anchor(Y)>>
Line 88: Line 258:
[[Anchor(Z)]] <<Anchor(Z)>>
Line 90: Line 260:


[[Anchor(Dot)]]
 Zombie Maintainer :: A zombie maintainer is a maintainer who does no work on a package but refuses to orphan it. The package bit-rots away in the clutches of his undead hands as he drifts on the margins of existence. His grumblings are occasionally heard on Debian mailing lists --- just enough to keep himself from being pronounced [[MIA]], which would be grounds for deeming the package orphaned.<<BR>><<BR>>Not much is known about these beings; however, experts in paranormal phenomena claim that once a maintainer has become a zombie he cannot let a package go until his work on it is done. However, having lost his spirit, the zombie is incapable of making any progress. The predictable result is that the package becomes a Slum.<<BR>><<BR>>What is certain is that there is a subclass of zombies whom we shall call "guardians". A guardian zombie holds on to a package while justifying himself by saying that he is doing Debian the service of protecting his package from damage in the hands of a mortal maintainer. A guardian zombie may go so far as to invite [[NMUs]], some of which he will allow to pass without comment, to others of which he will react with howls of protest and mutterings of 'my precious'.

<<Anchor(Dot)>>
Line 95: Line 265:
[[Anchor(DotDeb)]] <<Anchor(DotDeb)>>
Line 98: Line 268:
[[Anchor(DotUdeb)]]
 .udeb :: File-extension used for package containing [#Debian-Installer] modules. '''do not''' install it in a regular system.
<<Anchor(DotUdeb)>>
 .udeb :: File-extension used for package containing [[#Debian-Installer]] modules. '''do not''' install it in a regular system.

Debian_Jargon-160x160.png


Debian Glossary Only.

If you don't find the entry you wanted, visit PolicyGlossary, tldp.org's Linux-Dictionary, wikipedia.org, jargondb.org computer jargon, wiktionary.org, etc.
(You can add an entry. Put ToDo instead of definition if you can't write it yourself)


Jump to : 0 - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Symbols : .(dot)

0

0

uid 0, see also root

A

Advocate

A Debian member that advocates an application. They should know the applicant fairly well and should be able to give an overview of the applicant's work, interests and plans. Advocates are often the sponsors of an applicant.

Alioth

Alioth is a collaborative development environment based on the FusionForge software and aimed at the Debian project and community.

Alioth (guest) account

People willing to participate in the packaging or development of a software can ask for an Alioth guest account, then ask for commit right to a given project.

Applicant

A person requesting membership in the Debian project; prospective Debian developer.

Application Manager

A Debian member who is assigned to an applicant to collect the information needed by the Debian account managers to decide about an application. One application manager can be assigned to more than one Applicant.

APT (Advanced Packaging Tool)

1. A library that handle fetching the list of packages, resolving packages dependency, etc. It then uses dpkg to perform the actual package installation, removal, etc.
2. APT is commonly used to refer to the front-end tools that uses the library (especially apt-get and aptitude, but also GUI tools like synaptic).

B

BTS
Acronym for Bug Tracking System

bts-link

A system for synchronising bug status in the Debian BTS with upstream bug tracking systems like Bugzilla. See this mail.

C

CDBS
Acronym for Common Debian Build System.

CDD (Custom Debian Distributions)

See Custom Debian Distributions

Custom Debian Distributions (CDD)

The old name for subset of Debian that are configured to support a particular target group out-of-the-box. Now known as Debian Pure Blends

D

DAM (Debian Account Manager)

See Debian Account Manager.

DDPO (Debian Developer's Packages Overview)

the list of the packages maintained by a Debian Developper or a Team (see http://qa.debian.org/developer.php)

Debian Account

A Debian account is typically the login account of a Debian Developer. The term Debian Account is sometime also used to refer to Debian Maintainer account. See also Alioth account.

Debian Account Manager (DAM)

A Debian member that was delegated to manage the Debian account creation and removal by the Debian project leader. The DAM has the final decision over an application.

Debian Developer (DD)

A Debian Project member, who has gone through the new maintainer process and had their application accepted.

Debian-Installer (D-I)

Debian Installer is the set of program used to install Debian on your hard disk "The first day". It is not the program you use to install (add|remove) more program (packages) once Debian Installed (see apt).

Debian Maintainer (DM)

1. The status of a person who passed the Debian Maintainer process. A Debian Maintainers is granted some of the rights to manage packages, especially the right to upload packages to the archive. DM aren't member of the Debian Project (i.e they can't vote).

  • See also package #maintainer and Debian Developer, Alioth account.

  • Debian Member

    The member of the Debian Project are named Debian Developers.

    Debian Project

    An organization of free software developers spread around the world with a common goal, to produce a completely free operating system. See the Debian web pages for more information.

    Debian Pure Blends

    A subset of Debian that is configured to support a particular target group out-of-the-box. Debian Pure Blends were formerly known as Custom Debian Distributions (CDD).

    DEHS
    Acronym for Debian External Health Status.

    D-I (Debian-Installer)

    see Debian-Installer

    DM (Debian Maintainer)

    See Debian Maintainer (DM).

    DPMT (Debian Python Modules Team)

    see Debian Python Modules Team

    E

    F

    Freeze

    The distribution development freeze is a period of time, when Debian Project finalize to stabilize the content of the testing distribution, in order to release it. (i.e resolving release critical bugs, making final tweaks to Debian-Installer, deciding Debian-CDs content, etc.). Due to Debian's release policy, which is mostly driven by the Release when Ready motto, The length of the freeze period isn't fixed. FYI, in the past, it usually took a few month (6 month or more).

    Front Desk

    The front desk members receive the initial applications, advocation messages and final application reports. They are the point of contact if problems with the application arise.

    G

    H

    I

    IANAL (I am not a lawyer)

    often used on debian-legal mailing list. (see IANAL on Wikipedia).

    ITA (Intents to Adopt)

    In documentation, this means that the author intents to adopt a given set of documentation. (see DDP).

    ITD (Intend to Document)

    a documentation maintainer that is going to start writing a document. The use of the WNPP for avoids people duplicating effort writing the same documentation. (see DDP).

    ITP (Intent To Package)

    Someone (a DD or Maintainer) intends to package a software (see WNPP).

    ITT (Intend to Translate)

    a translator is going to start translating a document. As above, this tries to prevent duplicate efforts (see DDP).

    J

    K

    L

    M

    Maintainer

    1. The maintainer of a package is the person, or group of person that are responsible for a package (packaging, bugs, etc.) see Debian Policy.

  • See Debian Maintainer (DM).

  • Mass bug filing

    Reporting a great number of bugs for the same problem (see Debian Developer's Reference).

    MBF (Mass bug filing)

    See Mass Bug Filing.

    Micro Kernel

    A Micro Kernel is a minimalistic operating system kernel which provides only the most basic services, which generally include tasks, virtual memory policy, Inter Process Communication and basic hardware drivers. Examples of micro kernels are Mach (and GNUMach, OSKit-Mach) and L4. (sea also Wikipedia Micro_kernel )

    Multi Server

    Multi server refers to a system which has several servers working together running on a MicroKernel to perform the tasks normally done by a monolithic kernel; this is in contrast to a single server which is akin to a monolithic kernel running on a micro kernel.

    N

    NMU (Non-maintainer upload)

    A version of a package that wasn't uploaded by one of it's official Maintainer, but rather by another developer. This typically occurs when the maintainer is on holiday, for mass bug filing and security updates (see Debian Developer's Reference).

    O

    O

    see Orphaned

    Orphaned

    A package has been "Orphaned". It needs a new maintainer as soon as possible. If the package has a Priority higher or equal to standard, the severity should be set to important. (see WNPP).

    In Documentation : as the package equivalent, this means that the author intents to orphan a given set of documentation. (see DDP).

    P

    PAPT (Python Applications Packaging Team)

    see Python Applications Packaging Team

    Package Tracking System (PTS)

    The Package Tracking System lets you follow almost everything related to the life of a package. It's of interest for co-maintainers, advanced users, QA members, ... See qa.debian.org/pts

    piuparts (Package Installation, UPgrading And Removal Testing Suite)

    see piuparts

    popcon

    1. Popularity contest (popcon) is a package (popularity-contest) that periodically and anonymously submit some statistics about the most used Debian packages on a system.

    2. The popcon score of a package is meant to reflect the popularity of a package in Debian (see http://popcon.debian.org/).

    PTS (Package Tracking System)

    see Package Tracking System

    Q

    QA
    Acronym for Quality Assurance

    R

    root
    1. the root user (uid 0), often named Super-User can do anything on a system (equivalent to "Administrator" on some systems). (see Root)

    2. the root directory is the top level directory "/".
    3. root's directory "/root" is the root user's home directory.

    RFA (Request for Adoption)

    Due to lack of time, resources, interest or something similar, the current maintainer is asking for someone else to maintain this package. They will maintain it in the meantime, but perhaps not in the best possible way. In short: the package needs a new maintainer. (see WNPP).

    RFD (Request for Documentation)

    A user that detects that a given document (manual or other) on a given topic is not yet available on the DDP can ask for it using this tag. DDP members will give priority when deciding which documents need to be written to requests on a given document by a number of users. (see DDP).

    RFH (Request For Help)

    The current maintainer wants to continue to maintain this package, but they need some help to do this, because their time is limited or the package is quite big and needs several maintainers. (see WNPP).

    RFP (Request For Package)

    Someone has found an interesting piece of software and would like someone else to maintain it for Debian. (see WNPP).

    S

    Sponsor

    A Debian Member who acts as the mentor of an Applicant: They check packages provided by the Applicant and help to find problems and to improve the packaging. When the sponsor is satisfied with the package, they upload it on behalf of the Applicant to the Debian archive. The Applicant is recorded as the maintainer of such a package, despite the fact Applicants aren't allowed to upload packages themselves.

    T

    TINLA (This is not legal advice)

    often used on debian-legal mailing list. (see IANAL on Wikipedia).

    U

    V

    W

    WNPP (Work-Needing and Prospective Packages)

    A list of packages in need of new maintainers and prospective packages in Debian (see http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp/, ITP, O, RFA, RFH, RFP).

    X

    Y

    Z

    Zombie Maintainer

    A zombie maintainer is a maintainer who does no work on a package but refuses to orphan it. The package bit-rots away in the clutches of his undead hands as he drifts on the margins of existence. His grumblings are occasionally heard on Debian mailing lists --- just enough to keep himself from being pronounced MIA, which would be grounds for deeming the package orphaned.

    Not much is known about these beings; however, experts in paranormal phenomena claim that once a maintainer has become a zombie he cannot let a package go until his work on it is done. However, having lost his spirit, the zombie is incapable of making any progress. The predictable result is that the package becomes a Slum.

    What is certain is that there is a subclass of zombies whom we shall call "guardians". A guardian zombie holds on to a package while justifying himself by saying that he is doing Debian the service of protecting his package from damage in the hands of a mortal maintainer. A guardian zombie may go so far as to invite ?NMUs, some of which he will allow to pass without comment, to others of which he will react with howls of protest and mutterings of 'my precious'.

    . (dot)

    .deb
    File-extension used for package of debian-based distribution.

    .udeb

    File-extension used for package containing #Debian-Installer modules. do not install it in a regular system.