Translation(s): [:fr/Debootstrap:Fran├žais]


Debootstrap

Introduction

debootstrap is a tool which will install a Debian base system into a subdirectory of another, already installed system. It doesn't require an installation CD, just access to a Debian [:What_is_a_repository?:repository]. It can also be installed and run from another operating system, so, for instance, you can use debootstrap to install Debian onto an unused partition from a running Gentoo install.

If you are interested in setting up a ["chroot"] for building Debian packages, look at pbuilder.

Since DebianTesting and DebianUnstable change rapidly, if you are going to attempt to install DebianTesting or DebianUnstable, it is recommended that you download the latest version of debootstrap from the [wiki:debootstrap package page] and use that. Normally it would not be wise to install a package from unstable onto stable, but in this case it's safe, since debootstrap is really just a shell script and its dependencies are minimal.

Examples

{i} To locate a mirror near you, see the list of [http://www.debian.org/mirror/list Debian worldwide mirror sites].

To setup an [:DebianEtch:Etch] system:

# debootstrap etch ./etch-chroot http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian

To setup a [:DebianSarge:Sarge] system:

# debootstrap sarge ./sarge-chroot http://archive.debian.org/debian

Full process to create a complete Debian installation of sid ([:DebianUnstable:unstable]):

main # cd / ; mkdir /sid-root
main # debootstrap sid /sid-root http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/
[ ... watch it download the whole system ]
main # echo "proc /sid-root/proc proc none 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
main # mount proc /sid-root/proc -t proc
main # cp /etc/hosts /sid-root/etc/hosts
main # chroot /sid-root /bin/bash
chroot # dselect
[ you may use aptitude, install mc and vim ... ]
 main # echo "8:23:respawn:/usr/sbin/chroot /sid-root " \
        "/sbin/getty 38400 tty8"  >> /etc/inittab
[ define a login tty that will use this system ]
 main # init q
[ reload init ]

See Also