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||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-[:DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation:Translation(s)]: none-~||<style="text-align: right;border: 0px hidden"> (!) [:/Discussion:Discussion]||
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This page contains some proposed new license for this wiki.
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##----
This page is an overview for choosing a new license for wiki.debian.org.
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## [[TableOfContents(2)]]  [[TableOfContents(2)]]
from
== wiki specific constraints ==
 * As opposed to usual documents, wiki pages are usually made of lots of tiny contribution. Therefore the traditional notion of ''author'' probably doesn't apply as usually.
 * Some content should be moved to official material (website, packages, manuals, etc..) once it's mature. Preserving the list of contributors in the new documentation isn't always possible/practical (copyright to 10, 20, or 50 names ?).
 * Wiki have limited space to list copyright holders (when importing/exporting from/to other wikis).
 * Pages are sometimes merged, so we can't have different license for different pages.

== License : Main alternatives ==
We want a license that permit to merge the wiki page in any Debian material (package, website, manual...). There are multiple alternative, but they can be sorted in three families

 A. Keep traditional copyright attribution to page contributors. (i.e apply one or more DFSG license, then list every contributors in the copyright section of the target document).
 A. Do copyright attribution to ''Debian Wiki''. (i.e apply one or more DFSG license. Then, derived work should cite the URL of the original wiki). Creative common's [#cc-by] >= 3.0 is supposed to be particularly well suited for that.
  a. ''variant'' : add a statement that allow anybody to relicense the work under any DFSG compatible license, but (which make it practical to reuse content anywhere). [[BR]]BUT AndreasBarth pointed that ''The license "the author will pay anyone who uses the text 100 Euro upon request" seems DFSG-free''.
 A. Public Domain ''like'' (i.e Allow anybody to reuse the work, without license incompatibility issue). Creative commons' [#CC0] is supposed to be well suited for that. But it doesn't address the problem of imported documents.

== License : Desired features ==

''This table summarize the desired features for the new license.''

|| ||<-5:> License ||
|| ||[#PD] ||[#CC0]||[#BSD]||[#MIT]||[#GFDL]||
||[#Redistribution] || (./) || (./) || (./) || (./) || (./) ||
||[#Allow_Modification] || (./) || (./) || (./) || (./) || (./) ||
||[#Allow Derivative] || (./) || (./) || (./) || (./) || (./) ||
||[#Allow commercial] || (./) || (./) || (./) || (./) || (./) ||
||Attribution || n.a || n.a || Y || :-) || :-( ||
||[#Share_Alike] || n.a || n.a || (./) || (./) || (./) ||

[[Anchor(Redistribution)]]
 Redistribution : :: Allow to redistribute the content in various forms (raw, html, pdf, encrypted...) and on various media (packages, cd). This feature is '''Required'''.

[[Anchor(Allow_Modification)]]
 Allow Modification : :: Allow modification by others (add and remove). This feature is '''Required'''.

[[Anchor(Allow_Derivative)]]
 Allow derivative works : :: Allow Debian derivative distribution to use the document. Allow to reuse content in package Documentation, etc. This feature is '''Required'''.

[[Anchor(Allow_Commercial)]]
 Allow commercial use : :: Allow commercial Debian derivative to reuse the material. This feature is '''Required'''.
 * Debian has commercial derivatives. we want those distribution to be allowed to use our documentation.

[[Anchor(Attribution)]]
 Attribution / Give credits : :: Not required, and actually '''_not_ wanted'''.
 * Even thought we actually want to give credits / attribute a work to it's original author, I believe it isn't possible to __guarantee__ that all work attribution will be preserved over time. Furthermore, the actual name of the author isn't always known). Finally the number of contributors for a given page can make it .

[[Anchor(Share_Alike)]]
 Share Alike : :: Preserve the license on copies. This feature is '''wanted'''.
 * However this doesn't apply except for [#PD PD] where it doesn't apply.
## "can be relicensed in any license which allow free redistribution and modification".

## Mix / Merge with other documents : :: (with same or compatible license) : '''Yes'''.
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Here are some proposed WikiPedia:Free_software_licence for the wiki. Here are some proposed licenses for the wiki.
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 * [http://www.fsf.org/licensing/licenses/fdl.html GFDL] - [wiki:Self:DFSGLicenses#gfdl GFDL] - [wiki:WikiPedia:GNU_Free_Documentation_License Wikipedia] === GFDL 1.2 ===
[http://www.fsf.org/licensing/licenses/fdl.html GFDL] 1.2 License ([wiki:Self:DFSGLicenses#gfdl Debian DFSG], [wiki:WikiPedia:GNU_Free_Documentation_License Wikipedia])

 Attribution : :: The GFDL really focus on attribution, which is a feature we don't want that much.

 * http://wikitravel.org/en/Wikitravel_talk:Why_Wikitravel_isn%27t_GFDL
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 * [http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php MIT] - [DFSGLicenses#mit-license BSD] - [wiki:WikiPedia:MIT_License Wikipedia] === MIT ===
[http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php MIT] License ([wiki:Self:DFSGLicenses#mit-license Debian DFSG], [wiki:WikiPedia:MIT_License Wikipedia])
 Attribution enforced : :: ''Copyright (c) <year> <copyright holders> [..] The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies'' However it also says ''or substantial portions of the Software''.
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 * BSD ([http://www.freebsd.org/copyright/freebsd-doc-license.html FreeBSD], [http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php OSI]) - [DFSGLicenses##3clause-bsd BSD] - [wiki:WikiPedia:BSD_licenses Wikipedia] === BSD ===
[http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php BSD] License ([http://www.freebsd.org/copyright/freebsd-doc-license.html FreeBSD] copy, [wiki:Self:DFSGLicenses##3clause-bsd Debian DFSG], [wiki:WikiPedia:BSD_licenses Wikipedia]).
 Attribution enforced : :: ''Copyright (c) <YEAR>, <OWNER> ; All rights reserved. [..] Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.''
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See also:
 * Licenses For Documentation ~-[[BR]] http://www.fsf.org/licensing/licenses/index_html#DocumentationLicenses -~
 * OSI Licenses ~-[[BR]] http://www.opensource.org/licenses/category-~
== Title 2 ==
[[Anchor(public-domain)]] [[Anchor(PD)]]
=== Public Domain ===
Public domain interpretation : [http://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/ Creative Commons], [wiki:WikiPedia:Public_domain Wikipedia].

 Implicit public domain don't allow duplication : :: [..] The distribution of many types of Internet postings (particularly Usenet articles and messages sent to electronic mailing lists) inherently involves duplication. The act of posting such a work can therefore be taken to imply consent to a certain amount of copying, as dictated by the technical details of the manner of distribution. However, __it does not imply total waiver of copyright__.([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_domain#.28Almost.29_everything_written_down_is_copyrighted wikipedia]).

Notes:
 * See also: wikipedia's [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Template:PD-self PD-self tag] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_domain Public_domain page] ; wikimedia's [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Copyright_tag Copyright_tag] ;
 * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Granting_work_into_the_public_domain

[[Anchor(CC0)]]
=== CC0 Waiver ===
Creative Common's [http://staging.creativecommons.org/licenses/zero/1.0/ CC0 Waiver] ~-([http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CCZero wiki]; [http://creativecommons.org/press-releases/entry/7919 Press-release])-~ is a protocol that enables people to either assert that a work has no legal restrictions attached to it or waive any rights associated with a work so it has no legal restrictions attached to it ~-(quote )-~.

Notes :
 * Basically, CC0 is meant to be a world-wide Public Domain.
 * CC0 is currently (2008-08) a draft, but rumors says that it should be released by the end of the year.
 * See also: [http://www.freesoftwaremagazine.com/columns/promoting_public_domain_creative_commons_cc0_initiative an article] ; [http://sciencecommons.org/weblog/archives/2008/09/02/progress-on-the-cc0-public-domain-waiver/ progress on CC0] ; wikipedia's [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Template:Cc-zero Cc-zero tag] ; Efforts [http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CC0_Feedback similar to CC0]

[[Anchor(gpl)]]
=== GPL ===

 * GPL requires to distribute the source with the compiled version. Someone distributing a printed derived work would have to provide the moinmoin wiki code alongside.... Not convenient.
 * A copy of the GPL must be attached to the work... Imagine a 2 page leaflet (like the ''Debian release notes''), with about 8 pages for the GPL license !
 * Is it legal to sell a GPL'ed book ? (for more than the cost of ''physical act of transferring a copy'')


[[Anchor(allow-relicense-license)]]
=== Home made "allow relicense" license ===
Create a home made license which allows to reuse the contents in a another work without giving explicit credits to original authors, if it's under any DFSG compatible license.

 * Pros : Probably what wiki.d.o contributors want.
 * Cons : Yet another ugly home made license.

## Implementation: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CC0_Implementations
=== See also: ===
 * Licenses For Documentation [[BR]]~-. [http://www.fsf.org/licensing/licenses/index_html#DocumentationLicenses]-~
 * OSI Licenses~-[[BR]]. [http://www.opensource.org/licenses/category]-~
 * Wikipedia : WikiPedia:Free_software_licence
 * http://wikiangela.com/wiki/GNU_Wiki_License Wiki specific licenses.
 * Licenses For Documentation ~-[[BR]]. [http://java.net/choose_license.csp]-~
 * http://wikispot.org/Choosing_a_License

== Sample wiki licenses ==
 * [http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Documentation#license wiki.creativecommons.org] is under [http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License]
 * [http://gplv3.fsf.org/wiki/index.php/Main_Page#footer fsf.org wiki] is under [http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html GFDL]

== Question for Debian-legal ==
 * Does [#PD] and [#CC0] actually allows to reuse some content in a work in a different License (In order to implement that work in any existing documentation).
 * Is [#allow-relicense] a legal concept ?
 * Does images, icons, diagrams and snapshots requires specific statements ?

== Implementation ideas ==
 * Relicensed wikis:
  * Wikipedia wants to switch from [#GFDL] to [#CC-BY-SA].[[BR]]~-. [http://wikimediafoundation.org/wiki/Resolution:License_update]-~
 * Taging:
  * Icon - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Image_copyright_tags
  * RDFa - http://wiki.creativecommons.org/RDFa
  * XMP - http://partners.adobe.com/public/developer/en/xmp/sdk/XMPspecification.pdf
 * The front page should state the default license.
 * The "Save Changes" screen should display the license.
 * Relicense should apply to page that have specific licenses too (=> Dual license).
 * The [:DebianWiki/EditorGuide:EditorGuide] :
  * Should link to "default license page".
  * Should state that specific license are only accepted in specific, exceptional and justified cases. Otherwise, the content will removed from the wiki.
 * ''Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a XXX License'' (see CC website)

This page is an overview for choosing a new license for wiki.debian.org.

  • ?TableOfContents(2)

from

wiki specific constraints

  • As opposed to usual documents, wiki pages are usually made of lots of tiny contribution. Therefore the traditional notion of author probably doesn't apply as usually.

  • Some content should be moved to official material (website, packages, manuals, etc..) once it's mature. Preserving the list of contributors in the new documentation isn't always possible/practical (copyright to 10, 20, or 50 names ?).
  • Wiki have limited space to list copyright holders (when importing/exporting from/to other wikis).
  • Pages are sometimes merged, so we can't have different license for different pages.

License : Main alternatives

We want a license that permit to merge the wiki page in any Debian material (package, website, manual...). There are multiple alternative, but they can be sorted in three families

  1. Keep traditional copyright attribution to page contributors. (i.e apply one or more DFSG license, then list every contributors in the copyright section of the target document).
  2. Do copyright attribution to Debian Wiki. (i.e apply one or more DFSG license. Then, derived work should cite the URL of the original wiki). Creative common's [#cc-by] >= 3.0 is supposed to be particularly well suited for that.

    1. variant : add a statement that allow anybody to relicense the work under any DFSG compatible license, but (which make it practical to reuse content anywhere). ?BRBUT ?AndreasBarth pointed that The license "the author will pay anyone who uses the text 100 Euro upon request" seems DFSG-free.

  3. Public Domain like (i.e Allow anybody to reuse the work, without license incompatibility issue). Creative commons' [#CC0] is supposed to be well suited for that. But it doesn't address the problem of imported documents.

License : Desired features

This table summarize the desired features for the new license.

License

[#PD]

[#CC0]

[#BSD]

[#MIT]

[#GFDL]

[#Redistribution]

(./)

(./)

(./)

(./)

(./)

[#Allow_Modification]

(./)

(./)

(./)

(./)

(./)

[#Allow Derivative]

(./)

(./)

(./)

(./)

(./)

[#Allow commercial]

(./)

(./)

(./)

(./)

(./)

Attribution

n.a

n.a

Y

:-)

:-(

[#Share_Alike]

n.a

n.a

(./)

(./)

(./)

?Anchor(Redistribution)

Redistribution :

Allow to redistribute the content in various forms (raw, html, pdf, encrypted...) and on various media (packages, cd). This feature is Required.

?Anchor(Allow_Modification)

Allow Modification :

Allow modification by others (add and remove). This feature is Required.

?Anchor(Allow_Derivative)

Allow derivative works :

Allow Debian derivative distribution to use the document. Allow to reuse content in package Documentation, etc. This feature is Required.

?Anchor(Allow_Commercial)

Allow commercial use :

Allow commercial Debian derivative to reuse the material. This feature is Required.

  • Debian has commercial derivatives. we want those distribution to be allowed to use our documentation.
  • ?Anchor(Attribution)

    Attribution / Give credits :

    Not required, and actually _not_ wanted.

  • Even thought we actually want to give credits / attribute a work to it's original author, I believe it isn't possible to guarantee that all work attribution will be preserved over time. Furthermore, the actual name of the author isn't always known). Finally the number of contributors for a given page can make it .

  • ?Anchor(Share_Alike)

    Share Alike :

    Preserve the license on copies. This feature is wanted.

  • However this doesn't apply except for [#PD PD] where it doesn't apply.
  • Proposed licenses

    Here are some proposed licenses for the wiki.

    ?Anchor(GFDL)

    GFDL 1.2

    [http://www.fsf.org/licensing/licenses/fdl.html GFDL] 1.2 License ([wiki:DFSGLicenses Debian DFSG], [wiki:GNU_Free_Documentation_License Wikipedia])

    Attribution :
    The GFDL really focus on attribution, which is a feature we don't want that much.
  • http://wikitravel.org/en/Wikitravel_talk:Why_Wikitravel_isn%27t_GFDL

  • ?Anchor(MIT)

    MIT

    [http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php MIT] License ([wiki:DFSGLicenses Debian DFSG], [wiki:MIT_License Wikipedia])

    Attribution enforced :

    Copyright (c) <year> <copyright holders> [..] The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies However it also says or substantial portions of the Software.

    ?Anchor(BSD)

    BSD

    [http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php BSD] License ([http://www.freebsd.org/copyright/freebsd-doc-license.html FreeBSD] copy, [wiki:?DFSGLicenses# Debian DFSG], [wiki:BSD_licenses Wikipedia]).

    Attribution enforced :

    Copyright (c) <YEAR>, <OWNER> ; All rights reserved. [..] Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

    ?Anchor(public-domain) ?Anchor(PD)

    Public Domain

    Public domain interpretation : [http://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/ Creative Commons], [wiki:Public_domain Wikipedia].

    Implicit public domain don't allow duplication :

    [..] The distribution of many types of Internet postings (particularly Usenet articles and messages sent to electronic mailing lists) inherently involves duplication. The act of posting such a work can therefore be taken to imply consent to a certain amount of copying, as dictated by the technical details of the manner of distribution. However, it does not imply total waiver of copyright.([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_domain#.28Almost.29_everything_written_down_is_copyrighted wikipedia]).

    Notes:

    ?Anchor(CC0)

    CC0 Waiver

    Creative Common's [http://staging.creativecommons.org/licenses/zero/1.0/ CC0 Waiver] ([http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CCZero wiki]; [http://creativecommons.org/press-releases/entry/7919 Press-release]) is a protocol that enables people to either assert that a work has no legal restrictions attached to it or waive any rights associated with a work so it has no legal restrictions attached to it (quote ).

    Notes :

    ?Anchor(gpl)

    GPL

    • GPL requires to distribute the source with the compiled version. Someone distributing a printed derived work would have to provide the moinmoin wiki code alongside.... Not convenient.
    • A copy of the GPL must be attached to the work... Imagine a 2 page leaflet (like the Debian release notes), with about 8 pages for the GPL license !

    • Is it legal to sell a GPL'ed book ? (for more than the cost of physical act of transferring a copy)

    ?Anchor(allow-relicense-license)

    Home made "allow relicense" license

    Create a home made license which allows to reuse the contents in a another work without giving explicit credits to original authors, if it's under any DFSG compatible license.

    • Pros : Probably what wiki.d.o contributors want.
    • Cons : Yet another ugly home made license.

    See also:

    Sample wiki licenses

    • Does [#PD] and [#CC0] actually allows to reuse some content in a work in a different License (In order to implement that work in any existing documentation).
    • Is [#allow-relicense] a legal concept ?
    • Does images, icons, diagrams and snapshots requires specific statements ?

    Implementation ideas