This page offers some tips and tricks on how to build and maintain an unofficial Debian package repository using mini-dinstall. There are many other software options for setting up a Debian package repository. Before using this information, you should have read the Debian packaging paragraph of the Developers Reference. If you just wanted to search for existing packages, hop over to the unofficial APT repositories.
First things first: setting the maintainer email. You can set the DEBEMAIL environment variable if you like to have a different email address for Debian packaging. This address will be used in the package metadata information.
$ export DEBEMAILemail@example.com
Setting up the package directory
Generate a separate directory where all the package data will be put in. Download and extract the dh_make templates and the package build Makefile. Installing mini-dinstall and dput finishes up the preparation.
$ mkdir $HOME/packages $ cd $HOME/packages $ wget http://web.archive.org/web/20120129050314if_/http://people.debian.org/~calvin/unofficial/package.tar.gz $ tar xzvf package.tar.gz $ sudo apt install dput mini-dinstall
Adding a source package
Now it is time to download a source package, let's call it example-1.0.tar.gz, and extract it. After that, dh_make is run within the extracted source directory. A few questions will pop up which should be answered accordingly. Now you are ready to edit the files in the debian/ directory which the next paragraphs will describe.
$ wget http://example.org/example-1.0.tar.gz $ tar xzvf example-1.0.tar.gz $ cd example-1.0 && \ dh_make --templates $HOME/packages/dhtemplates -f ../example-1.0.tar.gz; \ cd ..
The Debian package version number is parsed from the top entry of debian/changelog, eg. example (1.0-0example1) unstable; urgency=low. The -0example1' is the debian release number. Subsequent releases have release numbers -0example2', `-0example3', etc. If there is already an official package, for example with version 1.0-4', then use 1.0-4example1'. You can compare versions with dpkg, see the dpkg(8) manpage for more info.
$ dpkg --compare-versions "1.0-4.1" gt "1.0-4example5" && \ echo "NMU version -4.1 greater than -4example5"
The package description in debian/control should note that this is not an official Debian package. Note that there is a single space at the beginning of each line below the Description: line.
Description: this is example
** Unofficial package from firstname.lastname@example.org ***
- [description follows]
The standard tool for reporting bugs is reportbug. See /usr/share/doc/reportbug/README.developers for more info. Your package should have the file /usr/share/bug/example/control installed with the following content:
Building the package
Now add the example target to the Makefile. There is already an example there, just adjust it. The package should be signed with your OpenPGP key (run gpg --gen-key to generate one). Adjust the GPGKEY variable to hold your OpenPGP key id. After that, build the package:
$ make example
Making it apt installable
Copy the mini-dinstall configuration into $HOME/.mini-dinstall.conf and adjust it to your needs. Do the same with the dput configuration, putting it in $HOME/.dput.cf After that, run dput to install the package into the repository.
$ dput local example_1.0-0example1.changes
Now add the apt sources. By putting the files onto a web server, others can also access it with the http:// protocol.
# local repository deb file:/home/someone/public_html/debian unstable/ deb-src file:/home/someone/public_html/debian unstable/ # http repository deb http://www.example.org/~someone/debian unstable/ deb-src http://www.example.org/~someone/debian unstable/