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https://www.debian.org/releases - Official information about Debian releases


Introduction

Debian is under continual development. The latest release is Debian 12.6. It is also (currently) known as stable or by its codename "Bookworm".

Each version also corresponds to a set of named software repositories (at least one per CPU architecture).

At any given time, there is one stable release of Debian, which has the support of the Debian security team. When a new stable version is released, the security team will usually cover the previous version for a year or so, while they also cover the new/current version. Only stable is recommended for production use.

There are also two main development repositories unstable and testing which are continually updated during the development of the next stable release. The latest packages arrive in unstable (which always has the codename "Sid"). Packages are automatically copied from unstable to testing when they meet criteria such as lack of release-critical bugs, and dependencies being satisfied by other packages in testing.

Choosing

End users should generally choose to run either stable or testing. Stable is recommended for applications requiring production-level stability and security (servers, firewalls etc) and is also recommended for those who are new to Linux. Testing is recommended for advanced users who want new software on their desktops and who are capable of reporting and fixing bugs to help Debian.

Choosing a debian distribution discusses the pros and cons of choosing one Debian distribution over another. And the overview of software for Debian Stable describes common ways Debian stable is enhanced with newer software or otherwise given extended capabilities.

The Debian FTP archives chapter of the Debian FAQ has even more information.

Current Releases/Repositories

Also:

Production Releases

Version

Code name

Release date

End of life date

EOL LTS

EOL ELTS

14

Forky

13

Trixie

12

Bookworm

2023-06-10

11

Bullseye

2021-08-14

~2024-07

10

Buster

2019-07-06

2022-09-10

2024-06-30

9

Stretch

2017-06-17

2020-07-18

2022-07-01

2027-06-30

8

Jessie

2015-04-25

2018-06-17

2020-06-30

2025-06-30

7

Wheezy

2013-05-04

2016-04-25

2018-05-31

~2020-06-30

6.0

Squeeze

2011-02-06

2014-05-31

2016-02-29

5.0

Lenny

2009-02-14

2012-02-06

4.0

Etch

2007-04-08

2010-02-15

3.1

Sarge

2005-06-06

2008-03-31

3.0

Woody

2002-07-19

2006-06-30

2.2

Potato

2000-08-15

2003-06-30

2.1

Slink

1999-03-09

2000-09-30

2000-10-30

2.0

Hamm

1998-07-24

-

1.3

Bo

1997-07-02

-

1.2

Rex

1996-12-12

-

1.1

Buzz

1996-06-17

-

0.93R6

1995-10-26

-

0.93R5

~1995-03-01

-

0.91

~1994-01-01

-

Reminder: the EOL date for the stable release is the date of the next stable release plus one year. For example, Debian bullseye ("buster +1") was released on 2021-08-14 so Debian buster's EOL is around 2022-08.

Note: the point releases (like 7.1 and 7.2) are detailed in each distribution's page.

Release statistics

Version

Code name

Freeze length

Time from previous release

Time from next release up to EOL

Total lifetime

1.2

Rex

178 days

1.3

Bo

175 days

2.0

Hamm

171 days

414 days

2.1

Slink

125 days

228 days

76 days

601 days

2.2

Potato

212 days

525 days

346 days

1049 days

3.0

Woody

383 days

703 days

389 days

1442 days

3.1

Sarge

34 days

1053 days

357 days

1028 days

4.0

Etch

258 days

671 days

366 days

1044 days

5.0

Lenny

202 days

678 days

365 days

1087 days

6.0

Squeeze

184 days

722 days

391 days

1209 days

7.0

Wheezy

308 days

818 days

366 days

1087 days

8.0

Jessie

171 days

721 days

365 days

1149 days

9.0

Stretch

224 days

784 days

366 days

1115 days

10.0

Buster

185 days

749 days

11.0

Bullseye

28 days

770 days

12.0

Bookworm

101 days

665 days

In the above array, data closely following "current" releasing tendencies have been highlighted in green. What can be deduced from those data is that the "most-typical" Debian release:

http://debian.semistable.com/releases.gif

Workflow

Here's a diagram describing how packages flow between archives:

https://salsa.debian.org/debian/package-cycle/raw/master/package-cycle.svg

The above graphic is generated from a dot file in the package-cycle git repository.

See also the various software powering that archive.

Codenames

Releases of the Debian distribution have both traditional version numbers and codenames based on characters from the Pixar/Disney movie "Toy Story" (1995). Sid, as you may recall, was the evil neighbor kid who broke all the toys. Additionally, the codename for the Experimental repository, RC-Buggy, was Andy's toy car, and is a pun on 'Release Critical' and 'Remote Control.'

See also

Wiki pages

All wiki pages about Debian releases:

  1. Backports
  2. CategoryRelease
  3. DebianBo
  4. DebianBookworm
  5. DebianBullseye
  6. DebianBuster
  7. DebianBuzz
  8. DebianEdu/HowTo/LtspBootchart (ltsp-build-client.log-0.82-2-20060309.txt)
  9. DebianEtch
  10. DebianExperimental
  11. DebianForky
  12. DebianHamm
  13. DebianJessie
  14. DebianLenny
  15. DebianOldOldStable
  16. DebianOldStable
  17. DebianPotato
  18. DebianReleases
  19. DebianRex
  20. DebianSarge
  21. DebianSlink
  22. DebianSqueeze
  23. DebianStable
  24. DebianStretch
  25. DebianTesting
  26. DebianTrixie
  27. DebianUnstable
  28. DebianWheezy
  29. DebianWoody
  30. ReleasePartyBookworm/India/Online
  31. Sprints/2016/DebianCloudNov2016 (Minutes.txt)
  32. ar/DebianSqueeze
  33. de/Backports
  34. de/DebianBookworm
  35. de/DebianForky
  36. de/DebianLenny
  37. de/DebianSqueeze
  38. de/DebianStretch
  39. es/Backports
  40. es/DebianBookworm
  41. es/DebianBullseye
  42. es/DebianBuster
  43. es/DebianJessie
  44. es/DebianSqueeze
  45. es/DebianStretch
  46. es/DebianTrixie
  47. fr/Backports
  48. fr/DebianBo
  49. fr/DebianBookworm
  50. fr/DebianBullseye
  51. fr/DebianBuster
  52. fr/DebianEtch
  53. fr/DebianExperimental
  54. fr/DebianForky
  55. fr/DebianHamm
  56. fr/DebianJessie
  57. fr/DebianLenny
  58. fr/DebianOldOldStable
  59. fr/DebianOldStable
  60. fr/DebianReleases
  61. fr/DebianSarge
  62. fr/DebianSlink
  63. fr/DebianSqueeze
  64. fr/DebianStable
  65. fr/DebianStretch
  66. fr/DebianTesting
  67. fr/DebianTrixie
  68. fr/DebianUnstable
  69. fr/DebianWheezy
  70. fr/DebianWoody
  71. he/DebianBuster
  72. id/DebianBullseye
  73. id/DebianStretch
  74. it/Backports
  75. it/DebianBo
  76. it/DebianBookworm
  77. it/DebianBullseye
  78. it/DebianBuster
  79. it/DebianBuzz
  80. it/DebianEtch
  81. it/DebianExperimental
  82. it/DebianForky
  83. it/DebianHamm
  84. it/DebianJessie
  85. it/DebianLenny
  86. it/DebianOldOldStable
  87. it/DebianOldStable
  88. it/DebianPotato
  89. it/DebianReleases
  90. it/DebianRex
  91. it/DebianSarge
  92. it/DebianSlink
  93. it/DebianSqueeze
  94. it/DebianStable
  95. it/DebianStretch
  96. it/DebianTesting
  97. it/DebianTrixie
  98. it/DebianUnstable
  99. it/DebianWheezy
  100. it/DebianWoody
  101. ko/DebianBookworm
  102. ko/DebianBullseye
  103. ko/DebianBuster
  104. ko/DebianForky
  105. ko/DebianStretch
  106. ko/DebianTesting
  107. ko/DebianTrixie
  108. ko/DebianUnstable
  109. pl/DebianReleases
  110. pt_BR/Backports
  111. pt_BR/DebianBo
  112. pt_BR/DebianBookworm
  113. pt_BR/DebianBullseye
  114. pt_BR/DebianBuster
  115. pt_BR/DebianBuzz
  116. pt_BR/DebianEtch
  117. pt_BR/DebianExperimental
  118. pt_BR/DebianForky
  119. pt_BR/DebianHamm
  120. pt_BR/DebianJessie
  121. pt_BR/DebianLenny
  122. pt_BR/DebianOldStable
  123. pt_BR/DebianPotato
  124. pt_BR/DebianReleases
  125. pt_BR/DebianRex
  126. pt_BR/DebianSarge
  127. pt_BR/DebianSlink
  128. pt_BR/DebianSqueeze
  129. pt_BR/DebianStable
  130. pt_BR/DebianStretch
  131. pt_BR/DebianTesting
  132. pt_BR/DebianTrixie
  133. pt_BR/DebianUnstable
  134. pt_BR/DebianWheezy
  135. pt_BR/DebianWoody
  136. ru/Backports
  137. ru/DebianBullseye
  138. ru/DebianBuster
  139. ru/DebianJessie
  140. ru/DebianRex
  141. ru/DebianSqueeze
  142. ru/DebianStretch
  143. ru/DebianWheezy
  144. sv/DebianJessie
  145. sv/DebianLenny
  146. sv/DebianReleases
  147. sv/DebianSqueeze
  148. sv/DebianWheezy
  149. uk/DebianBookworm
  150. uk/DebianBullseye
  151. uk/DebianBuster
  152. uk/DebianEtch
  153. uk/DebianHamm
  154. uk/DebianJessie
  155. uk/DebianLenny
  156. uk/DebianOldStable
  157. uk/DebianPotato
  158. uk/DebianReleases
  159. uk/DebianSarge
  160. uk/DebianSlink
  161. uk/DebianSqueeze
  162. uk/DebianStable
  163. uk/DebianStretch
  164. uk/DebianTesting
  165. uk/DebianTrixie
  166. uk/DebianWheezy
  167. uk/DebianWoody
  168. vi/DebianReleases
  169. zh_CN/Backports
  170. zh_CN/DebianWheezy


CategoryRelease