Although it sounds a lot like bureaucracy, it is the Debian Policy Manual that makes Debian the best operating system.
It describes what packages should contain, how they should be configured, and generally how packages fit together to create a Debian system.
The Debian package debian-policy will install the Policy document in the directory /usr/share/doc/debian-policy/, in various formats.
Official related documents
The FilesystemHierarchyStandard. It is the most important one. Debian needs to comply with it. It makes sure you can always find files where you expect them to be.
The menu policy
The mime policy
The perl policy
The emacs policy
- version 3
- version 188.8.131.52, 2010-06-28
- version 184.108.40.206, 2008-06-04
- version 220.127.116.11, 2006-04-26
- version 18.104.22.168, 2003-07-09
See the Debian Policy team description for information on how Policy is developed and changed.