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[[Include(DebianInstall/langs)]] [[BR]] ||<tablewidth="100%"style="border: 0px hidden ;">~-''Translation(s): [:pt_BR/DebianInstall:Brasileiro] - [:de/DebianInstall:Deutsch] - [:DebianInstall:English] - [:DebianInstallSpanish:Español] - [:fr/DebianInstall:Français] - [:DebianInstallDutch:Nederlands] - [:DebianInstallPolish:Polski] - [:DebianRussian/DebianInstall:Русский (Russkij)] - [:el/DebianInstall:Ελληνικά]''-~ ||<style="border: 0px hidden ; text-align: right;"> (!) ["../Discussion"] ||
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Translation(s): [:pt_BR/DebianInstall:Brasileiro] - [:de/DebianInstall:Deutsch] - [:DebianInstall:English] - [:DebianInstallSpanish:Español] - [:fr/DebianInstall:Français] - [:DebianInstallDutch:Nederlands] - [:DebianInstallPolish:Polski] - [:?DebianRussian/DebianInstall:Русский (Russkij)] - [:el/DebianInstall:Ελληνικά]

(!) ["../Discussion"]


Introduction

  • Debian GNU/Linux is distributed freely over the Internet. Debian had the reputation for being harder to install than other Linux distributions. That the reputation isn't deserved anymore. Others point out that installation is something that typically only happens once in the lifetime of a Debian GNU/Linux system. Once the initial install has been done, further upgrades and maintenance happen on the fly. It's possible to upgrade major software components, or even transition between releases of Debian without rebooting the system. Other than kernel or hardware upgrades, there are few if any routine maintenance reasons to take down a Debian system.

Features

  • The Debian install is also particularly versatile. It's possible to install from CDROM/DVD/Blueray disk, over a network, bootstrapped from within another Linux distribution, or from MS Windows system.

    ?TableOfContents(2)

Get Debian

inline:Portal/IDB/official-doc.png

http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ Official Installation guides ([http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/installmanual other arch])

Download and burn full CD/DVD set

The biggest advantage of downloading the .iso files and burning them yourself is not having to wait for CDs to arrive. The full CD set can be downloaded in .iso format from:

If you want to download one or more of the full 650 MB iso images, please use the ["jigdo"] tool which spreads out the load among various Debian servers, lightening their load as well as giving you a faster download.

Although there are over 20 CDs (or 3 DVDs) in a full set, only the first CD is required to install Debian. The additional CDs are optional and include extra packages, that can be downloaded individually during the installation, or later.

  • ["DebianCDContents"] to find out what is on each CD.

Download and burn network install CD

For folks with broadband Internet access, it's quite rare to download a full set of 650 MB iso images to install Debian. Instead, it's most common to just use a minimal network install CD instead. This network install iso (called "netinst") contains just enough packages to install a very basic Debian system. During the install procedure, it downloads the rest from the Internet as needed. A netinst iso image is around 180 MB. Also available is the so-called "businesscard" image that is around 40 MB.

Buy a set of CDs

The easiest way to install Debian is with a set of CDs bought from a vendor. There is a list of CD vendors:

Net Boot via another Debian system

There is also the possibility to boot from another computer without needing to use CD/floppy media at all. All you need is a TFTPD and a DHCPD running on the install-from computer. This is called installing via "netboot".

  • NetworkBooting - the installation manual for more info on netboot installation.

Installation

The most useful thing you can do is to [http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/installmanual read the installation instructions]. For most of you, that's the [http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/install Installing Debian GNU/Linux 4.0 For Intel x86], particularly Sections 4, 5 and 6, which describe how to install Debian and point to downloadable resources.

See also


ToDo: this page needs a major rewrite.

Source for those components

Media Name

Boot

udeb

Core system

XWindow

Desktop

on demand pkg

CDs (optical medium)

Business card CD

CD

CD

Net

Net

Net

Net

Netinst CD card

CD

CD

CD

Net

Net

Net

CD-1

CD

CD

CD

CD

CD or Net

CD or Net

DVD

DVD

DVD

DVD

DVD

DVD

DVD or Net

Blueray disk

BD

BD

BD

BD

BD

BD

Usb keychain

hd-media

USB

iso

iso or Net

Floppy

Floppy?FootNote(Booting DebianInstaller from floppy-disks is discontinued since Lenny.)

Floppy

CD or DVD or Net

Netboot

Netboot

TFTP

Net

Net

Net

Net

Net

mini-iso

CD

Net

Net

Net

Net

Net

DOS / MS Windows

win32-loader

Windows?FootNote(win32-loader don't actually boot from windows: It adds a boot menu entry, in boot.ini, that loads Debian-Installer's kernel an initrd from the NTFS partition)

Net

Net

Net

Net

Net


CategoryQuickInstall