Differences between revisions 47 and 48
Revision 47 as of 2007-11-10 16:15:00
Size: 6559
Revision 48 as of 2007-11-10 16:19:23
Size: 6619
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 52: Line 52:
 * ["FAQs"]  * [:DebianInstall/FAQ: FAQ about installation]
 * [:FAQs:General FAQ]

["FrontPage"] > [:QuickInstall:Quick install] > Installation

(!) [:/Discussion:Discussion]

Traduction(s): [:DebianInstallGerman:Deutsch] [:DebianInstallDutch:Dutch] [:DebianInstallFrench:Français] [:DebianInstallPolish:Polski] [:?DebianRussian/DebianInstall:Russian] [:DebianInstallSpanish:Spanish, español]

Debian GNU/Linux is distributed freely over the Internet. If you simply want to install Debian, these are your options:

Debian has a reputation for being harder to install than other Linux distributions. Some would say that the reputation is ill deserved. Others point out that installation is something that typically only happens once in the lifetime of a Debian GNU/Linux system. Once the initial install has been done, further upgrades and maintenance happen on the fly. It's possible to upgrade major software components, or even transition between releases of Debian without rebooting the system. Other than kernel or hardware upgrades (or to test that your boot process still works), there are few if any routine maintenance reasons to take down a Debian system.

The Debian install is also particularly versatile. It's possible to install from floppy, CDROM, over a network, bootstrapped from within another Linux distribution (see, they're good for something ;-), over a ?LapLink (aka ?NullModem) cable, or from within a DOS or legacy MS Windows system. Identifying your preferred method is one of the first problems to deal with.


Get Debian

Buy a set of CDs

The easiest way to install Debian is with a set of CDs bought from a vendor. There is a list of CD vendors at http://www.debian.org/CD/vendors/

Download and burn full CD/DVD set

The biggest advantage of downloading the .iso files and burning them yourself is not having to wait for CDs to arrive. The full CD set can be downloaded in .iso format from [http://www.debian.org/CD/http-ftp/ one of the Debian mirrors], or better yet, using the [http://www.debian.org/CD/jigdo-cd/ jigdo] tool to do a distributed download of the images.

Note, although there are over 20 CDs (or 3 DVDs) in a full set, only the first CD is required to install Debian. The additional CDs are optional and include extra packages. See also ["DebianCDContents"] to find out what is on each CD.

If you do want to download one or more of the full 650 MB iso images, please use the ["jigdo"] tool which spreads out the load among various Debian servers, lightening their load as well as giving you a faster download.

For the easiest install, buy, beg, borrow or burn a set of installation ["CDROMs"]. (don't steal them)

Download and burn the Network Install CD

For folks with broadband internet access, it's quite rare to download a full set of 650 MB iso images to install Debian. Instead, it's most common to just use a minimal network install CD instead. This network install iso (called "netinst") contains just enough packages to install a very basic Debian system. During the install procedure, it downloads the rest from the Internet as needed. A netinst iso image is around 180 MB. Also available is the so-called "businesscard" image that is around 40 MB. [http:DebianNetworkInstall read more: ]

Net Boot via another Debian system

There is also the possibility to boot from another computer without needing to use CD/floppy media at all. All you need is a TFTPD and a DHCPD running on the install-from computer. This is called installing via "netboot". See the installation manual for more info on netboot installation.


The most useful thing you can do is to [http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/installmanual read the installation instructions]. For most of you, that's the [http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/install Installing Debian GNU/Linux 3.0 For Intel x86], particularly Section 5, [http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch-install-methods.en.html Methods for Installing Debian], which both describes how to install Debian and points to downloadable resources. See also [http://www.osnews.com/story.php?news_id=2016 The Very Verbose Debian 3.0 Installation Walkthrough].

After you Finish Installing

  • ?InstallResources

  • ?InstallPackageHelp

  • ["XFreeConfig"]

Additional Resources

See Also

The DebianInstaller Installation HOWTO is appendix A of the Sarge Installation Manual: http://d-i.alioth.debian.org/manual/en.i386/apa.html

  • DebianInstaller

  • ["iso image"]
  • DebianLive, a Live Debian that you can try in a CD-rom or install in your hard disk or usb stick.

DavidCary install diary




Is ?NetBoot relevant

[http://www.projektfarm.com/en/support/debian_setup/index.html The Perfect Setup - Debian] - This is a detailed description about the steps to be taken to setup a Debian based server that offers all services needed by ["ISPs"] and hosters.

[http://kitenet.net/%7Ejoey/blog/entry/tour_of_the_Debian_4.0_CDs/ Tour of the Debian 4.0 CDs] - Advice on deciding which CD/DVD to download for installing Debian

See also: Before Installing Debian GNU/Linux of the Debian GNU/Linux Installation Guide ([http://www.debian.org/releases/etch/i386/ch03.html i386], [http://www.debian.org/releases/etch/amd64/ch03.html amd64]...) <!> [:CategoryRedundant:Redundant pages]: ["?InstallationHelp"], ["?InstallDebian"] or ["?InstallationPage"]