Differences between revisions 1 and 31 (spanning 30 versions)
Revision 1 as of 2008-03-04 17:14:56
Size: 14147
Editor: Baloo
Comment:
Revision 31 as of 2008-03-31 10:53:38
Size: 3413
Editor: Baloo
Comment: Split configuration onto its own page (Spanish translation)
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 1: Line 1:
 . BenArmstrong recientemente, Lenny pasó de la versión 2.6.22 del kernel de Linux a la 2.6.24. Hasta que se creé un nuevo instalador personalizado, la imagen antigua no funcionará. Puede que quieras seguir el tutorial publicado en [:DebianEeePC/HowTo/InstallUsingStandardInstaller] en su lugar.
Line 5: Line 7:
== Instalar Lenny usando el kernel y los módulos nativos de Debian ==
Este es el método recomendado para instalar Debian Lenny en un Eee PC. Si bien aún no está terminado, estamos trabajando a diario para mejorar cada uno de los pasos. El obgetivo es tener un instalador de Debian estándar que "simplemente funcione", por eso estamos empleando el tiempo libre y nuestros esfuerzos para lograrlo en lugar de trabajar The goal is to have a standard debian-installer "just work" so we're taking the extra time and effort to do that rather than working around the problem by making a lot of custom eee-specific code.
=== Preparation ===
You need a USB disk. Please download these files:
== Introducción ==
El método recomendado para instalar Debian Lenny en un Eee PC es usando nuestro [:DebianEeePCSpanish/HowTo/CustomInstaller:instalador personalizado]. El objetivo es conseguir una instalación de Debian estándar que "simplemente funcione", así que estamos empleando el tiempo extra y nuestros esfuerzos para lograrlo en lugar de trabajar entorno al problema haciendo un montón de código personalizado específico del Eee.
Line 10: Line 10:
 * [http://people.debian.org/~synrg/debian-eeepc/debian-eeepc.img http://people.debian.org/~synrg/debian-eeepc/debian-eeepc.img]
  * this very small monolithic image (ethernet only, no wifi support) was mastered with the process outlined in ["DebianEeePC/HowTo/CustomInstaller"]
To prepare the USB disk, copy the image onto the drive:
Si tienes necesidades especiales que no estén recogidas en nuestro instalador personalizado, como "crypto" o accesibilidad, puede que prefieras usar el [:DebianEeePCSpanish/HowTo/InstallUsingStandardInstaller:instalador estándar].

== Preparación ==
Necesitarás una unidad externa o pendrive USB. Por favor, descarga este fichero:

 * [http://eeepc.debian.net/images/debian-eeepc.img http://eeepc.debian.net/images/debian-eeepc.img]
  * Esta imagen monolítica realmente pequeña (solo con ethernet, sin soporte para wifi) fue creada mediante el proceso descrito en ["DebianEeePCSpanish/HowTo/CustomInstaller"]
Para preparar el dispositivo USB, copia dicha imagen dentro de la unidad correspondiente:
Line 15: Line 20:
gunzip sid-usb.img.gz
dd if=sid-usb.img of=/dev/<YOUR-USB-DEVICE>
dd if=debian-eeepc.img of=/dev/<TU-DISPOSITIVO-USB>
Line 18: Line 22:
'''Note: <YOUR-USB-DEVICE> = the whole device, not a device partition (e.g. /dev/sdX NOT /dev/sdX1)''' '''Nota: <TU-DISPOSITIVO-USB> = Es todo el dispositivo, no una partición de este (ej. /dev/sdX NO /dev/sdX1)'''
Line 20: Line 24:
You may have noticed that you are using the entire device without a partition table. This works because the BIOS knows how to boot directly from FAT partitions. This boot mode is called "superfloppy" mode and is supported by the Eee PC BIOS for USB devices and SD cards.
=== Installation ===
Boot the eee and press <ESC> during the first screen. This lets you select which device to boot from.
Te habrás dado cuenta de que estas usando todo el dispositivo sin una tabla de particiones. Esto funciona así porque la BIOS sabe cómo arrancar directamente desde particiones FAT. Este modo de arranque se llama modo "superfloppy" y esta soportado por la BIOS del Eee PC para dispositivos USB y tarjetas SD.
Line 24: Line 26:
The actual installation is very standard; if you're reading this, you almost certainly already know how to install Debian. :) It is fine to use ext3 as your filesystem, which is the default. See http://wiki.eeeuser.com/ssd_write_limit for a compelling argument that you're not going to kill your flash drive by the small percentage of extra writes that a journaling filesystem will add over the lifespan of the drive. You may wish to do without swap simply because it will save space on the relatively small SSD in the Eee. Also ["DebianEeePC/TipsAndTricks"] links to some tuning tips if after reading this article you're still concerned about write life-span. == Instalación ==
Arranca el Eee y presiona <ESC> en la pantalla de inicio. Esto te permite seleccionar desde que dispositivo vas a arrancar.
Line 26: Line 29:
== Additional modules not yet in Debian kernels ==
=== Introduction to building out-of-kernel modules ===
The instructions below require you to install and compile module source packages using module-assistant. This can be done on your Eee PC, but will result in the installation of a lot of development tools that you might not otherwise need.
La instalación actual es muy estándar; si estas leyendo esto, casi seguro que ya sabes cómo instalar Debian. :) Es correcto utilizar ext3 como sistema de ficheros, el cuál es el valor por defecto. Ver http://wiki.eeeuser.com/ssd_write_limit para un buen argumento que dice que no vas a acabar con la vida útil de tu unidad flash en dos días por culpa del pequeño porcentaje de escrituras extras que necesita un sistema de archivos con respaldo de transacciones o JFS (del inglés Journaling File System). Puede que quieras hacer la instalación sin partición de intercambio SWAP simplemente porque así ganarás espacio en la relativamente pequeña SSD del Eee. También ["DebianEeePCSpanish/TipsAndTricks"] enlaza a algunos consejos de ajuste si después de leer este artículo sigues preocupado en lo concerniente al ciclo de vida de escritura de la SSD del Eee.
Line 30: Line 31:
An alternative method is to do the installation and compilation of the modules on another Debian machine (one that is faster and has more disk space), and then install the resulting module packages on the Eee PC.

If you decide to go this route, refer to the manpage for module-assistant. You will need to run "m-a build ..." instead of "m-a auto-install ...". Note that if your Eee PC is running a different kernel version than your build machine, you will need to install the linux-headers and linux-kbuild packages corresponding to the Eee PC's kernel, and use the "-l" option to specify that version when you invoke module-assistant.

Once you have successfully built a module, copy the resulting .deb to the Eee PC and install it there with "dpkg -i ...".
=== Ethernet (atl2) ===
This just works now. The old version of our installer had a bug which required a manual install of atl2 after installation -- this is now no longer required.
=== Wireless (madwifi) ===
Install and configure module-assistant:

Become root and invoke the following commands:
{{{
apt-get install module-assistant
m-a prepare
}}}
Download and install this patched madwifi-source package:

Become root and invoke the following command:
{{{
wget http://people.debian.org/~synrg/debian-eeepc/madwifi-source_0.9.3.2-2+eee_i386.deb
dpkg -i madwifi-source_0.9.3.2-2+eee_i386.deb
}}}
Be sure to have the contrib section in your {{{ /etc/apt/sources.list }}} because madwifi-source needs madwifi-tools. Now you can use module-assistant to build and install a .deb package for the driver:

Become root and invoke the following commands:

{{{
m-a build madwifi
m-a install madwifi
modprobe ath_pci
}}}
You may want to put the madwifi-source package on hold so that in any future upgrades it won't be overwritten. (See ["../../Todo#package_madwifi_source"]. A future release will solve this problem.)

If you are using sid, (or the lenny version gets bumped, which it is likely to soon) then m-a a-i will first check for a newer source package. This is obviously bad as it wont have the binary patch applied. Use 'm-a build' as shown above to make the modules and then install the debs it makes in /usr/src.

See ["DebianEeePC/HowTo/Wifi"] to set up wifi with or without encryption.
=== Webcam (uvcvideo) ===
The module source in lenny should work with module-assistant:

Become root and invoke the following commands:
{{{
m-a a-i linux-uvc
modprobe uvcvideo
}}}
This won't work if you are using a 2.6.24 kernel. As noted in #[http://bugs.debian.org/463655 463655], the latest SVN revision of the driver works fine.

Then test it's working by executing:

Become root and invoke the following command:
{{{
apt-get install luvcview
As normal user you can now make use of your web cam tool
luvcview -f yuv
}}}
The camera is switched off by default after the installation. You can enable it in the BIOS, or by doing {{{echo 1 > /proc/acpi/asus/camera}}}. You should see messages about the camera being detected if you do {{{dmesg | tail}}}.

If you broke your webcam settings, use mplayer -fps 30 tv:// once to restore them.
=== Power management & hotkeys ===
==== Kernel module (eeepc-acpi) ====
The eeepc-acpi-source package is available in Debian unstable and testing. It builds an out-of-kernel module to support the Eee PC hotkeys. It was based on Asus's patched asus_acpi.c module, but doesn't conflict with standard Debian kernel packages.

First, set up a module-compilation environment as described in the Madwifi section above. Then build and install the eeepc-acpi module with module-assistant:

Become root and invoke the following commands:
{{{
m-a a-i eeepc-acpi
modprobe eeepc_acpi
/etc/init.d/acpid restart
}}}
Add eeepc_acpi to /etc/modules so that it will be loaded when you boot.

To respond properly to the acpi events, you will need the new eeepc-acpi-scripts package described in the next section, 'Scripts'.

Notes:

 * The battery info is not very precise (jumps from 10% to 100%, no rate information, etc...). Apparently, this is normal. It appears that the userspace battery utilities expect the battery to report mAh, but in fact it reports percentage. This is either a bug in the battery firmware or a bug in the BIOS. In either case, unless someone comes up with a patch to deal with batteries that report percentage, Asus needs to fix this.
 * [DamyanIvanov] Hibernation mostly works for me on current Sid with 2.4.24 kernel once I've set up swap (and following the hints from ["DebianEeePC/TipsAndTricks"]). There is some problem with the madwifi driver that does not recover completely, but I think it is not hibernate-related as I see the same behaviour after suspend/resume.
==== Scripts (eeepc-acpi-scripts) ====
||||||<style="text-align: center;">'''Special keys''' ||
|| Key ||Function ||Work, comment ||
||Fn + F1 ||sleep ||Yes ||
||Fn + F2 ||wifi ||Yes (read details below) ||
||Fn + F3 ||- light screen ||Yes ||
||Fn + F4 ||+ light screen ||Yes ||
||Fn + F5 ||Change screen ||No, nothing append ||
||Fn + F6 ||Task manager ||No, nothing append ||
||Fn + F7 ||disabled Sound ||Yes ||
||Fn + F8 ||- sound ||Yes ||
||Fn + F9 ||+ sound ||Yes ||

Install http://people.debian.org/~nion/debian-eeepc/eeepc-acpi-scripts_1.0_all.deb to get the described functionality. This just arrived in unstable and will be available in testing pretty soon. Please note that this package conflicts with acpi-support. You must '''purge''' acpi-support, not just remove it so that none of the acpi-support scripts that remain in /etc after removal are triggered by various acpi events.

Enabling/disabling the wifi works like plugging/unplugging the PCI Express wifi card. To ensure that it properly gets enabled when it is plugged, you need the pciehp kernel module. (And for some reason, it only works with the "pciehp_force=1" option.) Create a file /etc/modprobe.d/pciehp with 'options pciehp pciehp_force=1' in it and put 'pciehp' in /etc/modules. Then 'rmmod pciehp; modprobe pciehp'.

Read the doc in /usr/share/doc/eeepc-acpi-scripts/README.Debian and configure /etc/default/eeepc-acpi-scripts as needed.
=== Ethernet (atl2) upgrade ===
The version of atl2 binary module in Lenny is old and has bugs that are fixed in the new source package that exists in Lenny. Upgrade as follows:

Become root and invoke the following commands:
{{{
apt-get install module-assistant
m-a a-i atl2
modprobe atl2
}}}
For good measure this reloads the atl2 driver.

== Xorg ==
=== Touchpad Scrolling ===
The default debian installer did not enable the touchpad scrolling for me. The following are bits that I had to add to xorg.conf to enable touchpad scrolling.

{{{
Section "InputDevice"
        Identifier "Synaptics Touchpad"
        Driver "synaptics"
        Option "CorePointer"
        Option "SendCoreEvents" "true"
        Option "Device" "/dev/input/mice"
        Option "Protocol" "auto-dev"
        Option "HorizEdgeScroll" "1"
EndSection
Section "Server Layout"
    Identifier "Default Layout"
    Screen "Default Screen"
    InputDevice "Generic Keyboard"
    InputDevice "Synaptics Touchpad"
EndSection
}}}
This will enable horizontal as well as vertical scrolling on the touchpad. By default, iceweasel will use the horizontal scrolling as <backwords/forwards> To disable this, go into about:config and change the following values.

{{{
mousewheel.horizscroll.withnokey.action (change 2 to 0)
mousewheel.horizscroll.withnokey.numlines (change -1 to 1)
}}}
=== Multiple displays ===
In /etc/X11/xorg.conf, make sure any "HorizSync" and "VertRefresh" lines are commented out or removed from the "Monitor" section and set "Virtual 2048 2048" in the "Display" subsection of your "Screen" section.

To enable an external display, positioning it above the Eee's own display, plug it in and type "xrandr --display VGA --above LVDS --auto". A future release of eeepc-acpi-scripts will add hotkey support for this.
=== Aiglx support for compiz ===
The following were needed to get [http://compiz.org/ Compiz] working. Compiz works for me with xfce, but its a bit choppy rotating the cube to a workspace that has opened programs on it. (If you have a good working xorg.conf thats different to this, please update)

{{{
Section "Device"
        Identifier "Configured Video Device"
        Driver "i810"
        Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps"
        Option "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "true"
EndSection
Section "DRI"
    Mode 0666
Endsection
Section "Extensions"
    Option "Composite" "Enable"
Endsection
}}}

== Hibernate ==
[DamyanIvanov] Hibernate worked for me just fine after I've set up a 256M dedicated SWAP partition. Perhaps the same is possible using swap files too. The only glitch is that I have to quit memory-hungry programs like Iceweasel before attempting hibernate, as otherwise the swap space is not enough. To hibernate, run {{{s2disk}}} as root (from the {{{uswsusp}}} package). If you use {{{gnome-power-manager}}} you can just press the power button (but remember to disable the button action in {{{/etc/acpi/actions/power.sh}}} installed by {{{debian-eeepc-scripts}}} to avoid double prompts).

== Troubleshooting ==
=== Ethernet does not come up ===
One problem you may come across is the ethernet not becoming active. This is a bug with the chipset for when you install. To fix this, temporarily enable PXE/netboot in the BIOS. You may not come across this problem, but you can enable it and disable it at any time without problem. The problem will be gone as soon as you have installed so you may disable PXE in the BIOS after that.
----
 . FixMe: Can someone please confirm this is still a problem sometimes? If there are no further reports of this, this should be removed from the wiki or at least moved out of this document. It is possible the updated atl2 fixes this.
----
 . I did not notice this when installing today. I am using unstable's 2.6.24 kernel, along with the matching atl2-modules package from unstable.
----
 . [BenArmstrong] So does the problem still exist in Lenny with 2.6.22?
=== Shutting down fails ===
There is an issue surrounding shutting down. The system halts, but the fan continues to run and the wifi light stays on. The reason is the sound module doesn't close correctly, but there is a fix!

 * Edit /etc/init.d/halt as root with your favourite text editor and add the line "rmmod snd_hda_intel"
Then it will poweroff correctly!
=== Microphone does not work ===
If the microphone does not work by default. The following fixes that.

 * Edit /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base and add the line “options snd-hda-intel model=3stack-dig”
----
 . I did not experience this with unstable's 2.6.24 kernel--can anyone else confirm whether it has been fixed?
=== Screen resolution not large enough for some apps ===
Because the resolution screen is 800x480. Many applications exceed the screen. The best example is the Gnome application Evolution.
See ["DebianEeePC/TipsAndTricks"]
== Configuración ==
Después de la instalación en el Eee, necesitarás [:DebianEeePCSpanish/HowTo/Configure:Configurar] el sistema para usar la red wireless, la webcam, las teclas de acceso rápido, etc...
  • BenArmstrong recientemente, Lenny pasó de la versión 2.6.22 del kernel de Linux a la 2.6.24. Hasta que se creé un nuevo instalador personalizado, la imagen antigua no funcionará. Puede que quieras seguir el tutorial publicado en [:DebianEeePC/HowTo/InstallUsingStandardInstaller] en su lugar.

?TableOfContents

Traducciones: [:DebianEeePC/HowTo/Install:Inglés] [:DebianEeePCFrench/HowTo/Install:Francés] [:DebianEeePCGerman/HowTo/Install:Alemán] [:DebianEeePCItalian/HowTo/Install:Italiano]

Introducción

El método recomendado para instalar Debian Lenny en un Eee PC es usando nuestro [:DebianEeePCSpanish/HowTo/CustomInstaller:instalador personalizado]. El objetivo es conseguir una instalación de Debian estándar que "simplemente funcione", así que estamos empleando el tiempo extra y nuestros esfuerzos para lograrlo en lugar de trabajar entorno al problema haciendo un montón de código personalizado específico del Eee.

Si tienes necesidades especiales que no estén recogidas en nuestro instalador personalizado, como "crypto" o accesibilidad, puede que prefieras usar el [:DebianEeePCSpanish/HowTo/InstallUsingStandardInstaller:instalador estándar].

Preparación

Necesitarás una unidad externa o pendrive USB. Por favor, descarga este fichero:

Para preparar el dispositivo USB, copia dicha imagen dentro de la unidad correspondiente:

dd if=debian-eeepc.img of=/dev/<TU-DISPOSITIVO-USB>

Nota: <TU-DISPOSITIVO-USB> = Es todo el dispositivo, no una partición de este (ej. /dev/sdX NO /dev/sdX1)

Te habrás dado cuenta de que estas usando todo el dispositivo sin una tabla de particiones. Esto funciona así porque la BIOS sabe cómo arrancar directamente desde particiones FAT. Este modo de arranque se llama modo "superfloppy" y esta soportado por la BIOS del Eee PC para dispositivos USB y tarjetas SD.

Instalación

Arranca el Eee y presiona <ESC> en la pantalla de inicio. Esto te permite seleccionar desde que dispositivo vas a arrancar.

La instalación actual es muy estándar; si estas leyendo esto, casi seguro que ya sabes cómo instalar Debian. :) Es correcto utilizar ext3 como sistema de ficheros, el cuál es el valor por defecto. Ver http://wiki.eeeuser.com/ssd_write_limit para un buen argumento que dice que no vas a acabar con la vida útil de tu unidad flash en dos días por culpa del pequeño porcentaje de escrituras extras que necesita un sistema de archivos con respaldo de transacciones o JFS (del inglés Journaling File System). Puede que quieras hacer la instalación sin partición de intercambio SWAP simplemente porque así ganarás espacio en la relativamente pequeña SSD del Eee. También ["DebianEeePCSpanish/TipsAndTricks"] enlaza a algunos consejos de ajuste si después de leer este artículo sigues preocupado en lo concerniente al ciclo de vida de escritura de la SSD del Eee.

Configuración

Después de la instalación en el Eee, necesitarás [:DebianEeePCSpanish/HowTo/Configure:Configurar] el sistema para usar la red wireless, la webcam, las teclas de acceso rápido, etc...