This page should describe the steps needed to turn a debian etch installation into a debian-edu etch installation.

the description

Add the following two lines to /etc/apt/sources.list

 deb etch local
 deb-src etch local
 # You can also use etch-test instead of etch. 
 # etch-test is what is "unstable" in Debian, quoting 
 #   "The Ā«unstableĀ» distribution is where active development of Debian occurs. 
 #   Generally, this distribution is run by developers and those who like to live
 #   on the edge." 
 # So use etch-test at your own risk! 
 # See for more information.

Create a config file /etc/debian-edu/config, this is needed by debian-edu-install the file must contain at minimum a PROFILE entry profiles can be "Thin-Client-Server" "Workstation" "Main-Server"

#example from a thin-client-server

As root, run

 apt-get update
 apt-get install debian-edu-archive-keyring
 apt-get upgrade
 apt-get install debian-edu-config debian-edu-install

Comment from HenningSprang: somehow, even if I installed the keyring package, I got messages about non-authenticated packages.

FIXME: it is necessary to install some other binaries built from the source package debian-edu - it needs to be checked which ones exactly

Make sure you have enabeled update-hostname with a file called /etc/default/update-hostname, and run it with /etc/init.d/update-hostname restart. This ofcourse assumes that you are in a working Debian Edu enviroment (debian-edu bind), If you are actually installing a main server try setting the hostname to tjener.intern manually.


install the tasks using

aptitude install education-tasks

Install all the needed education-* packages, using tasksel install ... For ldap and homedir access you will need education-networked and education-common.

Comment from HenningSprang: For example for getting to a mainserver (not checked if that is fully working, but services are running now), I did:

tasksel install education-main-server

After you have installed the tasks you can execute the cfengine run (as root)

 # this require the fqdn in the /etc/hostname, that update-hostname provides. 
 cfengine-debian-edu -D installation

Restart all kinds of services, or simply reboot the box.

Check the debian-edu installation (as root) to assure everyting is working like the Debian Edu developers expect it to to be:

 # untested, needs confirmation. (If you do this and this works, please remove this comment.)

comments from trying to work by this documentation

Comments from RonnyAasen testing this

Successfully converted a Debian etch install into a Debian Edu Workstation using these instructions

Comments from HenningSprang testing this

(The script below is probably outdated, I've got stuff working as described above, I kepp it for some time in case some interesting stuff is missing. This paragraph can be removed after 2008-01-01 if the above description is tested to work well without any additions)

My current "buildscript" is as follows - but I am not yet there to have a really working main server yet, there is some more stuff missing, and I have to find out what's needed:


debootstrap etch chroot/ file:///hier/media/software-repository/mirrors/debian-etch
# use your own local debian mirror here

sudo cp  fstab $TARGET/etc/
sudo cp sources.list $TARGET/etc/apt/
sudo cp resolv.conf $TARGET/etc/

$ROOTCMD apt-get update
$ROOTCMD apt-get install debian-edu-archive-keyring
# did not work
# manualy installed with gpg
$ROOTCMD apt-get upgrade

mkdir /etc/debian-edu
echo "PROFILE=Main-Server"> /etc/debian-edu/config

$ROOTCMD apt-get install debian-edu-install debian-edu-config 
$ROOTCMD apt-get install education-common education-main-server

# Install the task:
$ROOTCMD tasksel install education-main-server

$ROOTCMD cfengine-debian-edu -D installation

# just for my own setup:
$ROOTCMD useradd -m henning
$ROOTCMD passwd
$ROOTCMD passwd henning

To test this in Qemu, we'd need to install grub into a locally created qemu disk, which I could not get accomplished.

Things like losetup and kpartx -v -a might help, or copyying a bootsector from an existing disk.

This is how far I came now, I did not test this a lot, vut have put it into a FAI config now. There is surely some more stuff missing.

Comments from KurtGramlich

Comments from PaulChanyi

Please explain the following line in the config file:


I know that that nn, no, nb, da, sv, en are the langcodes but still not understand how to write this line in to mine config file for langcodes: hu, en, and sr?

One more question!

I use Debian Backports for the linux-image 2.6.26-bpo.1-686 #1 SMP, so is this a problem for ?Debian2DebianEdu system conversation?


Thanks! Must the hostname be exactly the abowe mentioned "tjener.intern"? I have a FQDN: registered. Can I use it instead?

I get these errors when run sudo debian-edu-test-install:

 error: ./bind9-dns: Unable to look up '' on server 'localhost' ('' != 'tjener.intern').
 error: ./filesystems: Using ext2 on /boot
 error: ./ldap-client: Host 'ldap' is not pingable.
 error: ./ldap-client: ldap2netgroup unable to find 'tjener'.
 error: ./ldap-client: netgroup unable to find 'tjener'.
 error: ./ldap-client: Missing /skole mount point in ldap
 error: ./ldap-client: Missing tjener mount point in ldap
 error: ./ldap-client: Missing home0 mount point in ldap
 error: ./ldap-server: /etc/ldap/slapd.conf is missing.  Is slapd installed?
 error: ./ntp: Host 'ntp' is not pingable. 
 error: ./ntp: Missing local NTP clock on server.
 error: ./syslog: Host 'syslog' is not pingable.
 error: ./syslog: Main-Server is forwarding syslog messages to @syslog
 error: ./timezone: Time zone is 'Europe/Budapest', which is not one of ('Europe/Oslo').
 error: ./webcache: Host 'webcache' is not pingable.
 error: ./webcache: Unable to connect to 'http://www.intern/' using proxy 'http://webcache:3128/'.
 error: ./webserver: Apache is not listening on 'http://www/'.

How can I solve these problems?

Comments from Nigel himself on DebianEdu MailingList:

Ref. to

Philipp, thanks for writing that, and Ralf for connecting me. I followed it, with some minor changes (eg. repos) and it works (almost)!

auto eth0

ltsp-build-client --arch i386

haven't installed pulseaudio. When you do, you get sound (but not in flash, even though the extrasound plugin is installed)

16bpp, but KDE wallpaper is horrible, maybe 256 colours (the login splash is beautiful). Haven't tried to fix yet.

-- RalfGesellensetter 2009-08-12 11:42:18