HowTos for the desktop

Using KDE Plasma, GNOME, LXDE, Xfce and/or MATE together

To install other desktop environments after installation, simply use apt:

 apt update
 apt install education-desktop-gnome education-desktop-lxde education-desktop-xfce education-desktop-mate

Users will then be able to choose any of the five desktop environment via the login manager before logging in. Of course, you can also choose to give less choices. Keep in mind that there will be several programs for the same purpose (like file managers, editors, PDF viewers...) if more than one desktop environment is installed; this might confuse users.

The use of LXDE as default on thin clients can be forced; see networked clients for details.

If you don't want to do installations with the default desktop KDE Plasma, you can also install with one of the four alternative desktops, GNOME, LXDE, Xfce or MATE directly.


The free software flash-player gnash is installed by default. Installing a non-free flash player is an option. Please note that upgrading is special in this case.

To install the (non-free) Adobe Flash Player web browser plugin, install the flashplugin-nonfree Debian package from contrib. This requires contrib enabled in /etc/apt/sources.list. Use update-flashplugin-nonfree --status to check for a newer version and update-flashplugin-nonfree --install to install it.

The solution for Chromium is similar, it needs the package pepperflashplugin-nonfree (also from contrib) to be installed, which will install the (non-free) Adobe Flash Player web browser plugin. Use update-pepperflashplugin-nonfree --status to check for a newer version and update-pepperflashplugin-nonfree --install to install it.

Please note that the pepperflashplugin-nonfree package implements a more recent version of the Flash specification than does the flashplugin-nonfree, however.

Playing DVDs

libdvdcss is needed for playing most commercial DVDs. For legal reasons it's not included in Debian (Edu). If you are legally allowed to use it, you can build your own local packages using the libdvd-pkg Debian package; make sure contrib is enabled in /etc/apt/sources.list.

apt update
apt install libdvd-pkg

Answer the debconf questions, then run dpkg-reconfigure libdvd-pkg.

Handwriting fonts

The package fonts-linex (which is installed by default) installs the font "Abecedario" which is a nice handwriting font for kids. The font has several forms to be used with kids: dotted, and with lines.