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Rosegarden Audio/Midi Sequencer introductions

url:http://rosegardenmusic.com/

Rosegarden Audio/Midi Sequencer. Music creations without limit. Midi (Musical Instrument Digital Interface), Is a perfect way to build up music instrument by instrument. The Important of building up the midi song with structure are important because when you try to export the midi file to other then rosegarden, will make the chance for the midi file to work on others computer, synth/keyboards and so on much bigger. With Rosegarden follows it a easy way to do this as you can see below:

instrumentpara.png

That is okay to use, IF you held your project to Rosegarden, My experience with this is when you try to export your midi to other applications, something will not work as you attend to.

This can sound difficult and time consumed, but if you are bit structured, and made the setup file at hand, you have everything ready for your next project without any delay. I have made ready one file like this for you, just download it(you find it below) I have also made a guide how to use this. With structure on your midi I mean the following thing: You set the standard for every midi file you make where you put your instruments. The example that follows on my file is:

Track 1 = piano

Track 2 = Bass

Track 3 = Guitar (muted, clean and so on)

Track 4 = Melody

Track 5 = second voice

Track 6-9 = here you can set up, strings, clarinet, oboe, sax, and so on.

Track 10 = Drum, this is always drums, this is standard in GM setup.

Track 11-16 = same as 6-9.

If you follows this setup on your every midi sound, there will not be any problem to made new melody.

Instrumental index.

No.

Instruments

No.

Instruments

No.

Instruments

No.

Instruments

1

Ac. Grand Piano

34

El. Bass finger

67

Tenor Sax

100

FX 4 (atmosphere)

2

Bright Ac. Piano

35

El. Bass pick

68

Baritone Sax

101

FX 5 (brightness)

3

El. Grand Piano

36

Fretless Bass

69

Oboe

102

FX 6 (goblins)

4

Honky-tonk Piano

37

Slap Bass 1

70

English Horn

103

FX 7 (echoes)

5

El. Piano 1

38

Slap Bass 2

71

Bassoon

104

FX 8 (sci-fi)

6

El. Piano 2

39

Synth Bass 1

72

Clarinet

105

Sitar

7

Harpsichord

40

Synth Bass 2

73

Piccolo

106

Banjo

8

Clavi

41

Violin

74

Flute

107

Shamisen

9

Celesta

42

Viola

75

Recorder

108

Koto

10

Glockenspiel

43

Cello

76

Pan Flute

109

Kalimba

11

Music Box

44

Contrabass

77

Blow Bottle

110

Bag Pipe

12

Vibraphone

45

Tremolo Strings

78

Shakuhachi

111

Fiddle

13

Marimba

46

Pizz. Strings

79

Whistle

112

Shanai

14

Xylophone

47

Orch Harp

80

Ocarina

113

Tinkle Bell

15

Tubular Bells

48

Timpani

81

Lead 1 (square)

114

Agogo

16

Dulcimer

49

String Ens 1

82

Lead 2 (sawtooth)

115

Steel Drums

17

Drawbar Organ

50

String Ens 2

83

Lead 3 (calliope)

116

Woodblock

18

Perc. Organ

51

Synthstrings 1

84

Lead 4 (chiff)

117

Taiko Drum

19

Rock Organ

52

Synthstrings 2

85

Lead 5 (charang)

118

Melodic Tom

20

Church Organ

53

Choir Aahs

86

Lead 6 (voice)

119

Synth Drum

21

Reed Organ

54

Choir Oohs

87

Lead 7 (fifths)

120

Reverse Cymbal

22

Accordion

55

Synth Voice

88

Lead 8 (bass+lead)

121

Fret Noise

23

Harmonica

56

Orchestra hit

89

Pad 1 (new age)

122

Breath Noise

24

Tango Accordion

57

Trumpet

90

Pad 2 (warm)

123

Seashore

25

Ac. guitar nylon

58

Trombone

91

Pad 3 (polysynth)

124

Bird Tweet

26

Ac. guitar steel

59

Tuba

92

Pad 4 (choir)

125

Telephone Ring

27

El. guitar jazz

60

Muted Trumpet

93

Pad 5 (bowed)

126

Helicopter

28

El. guitar clean

61

French Horn

94

Pad 6 (metallic)

127

Applause

29

El. guitar muted

62

Brass Section

95

Pad 7 (halo)

128

Gunshot

30

OverDr. Guitar

63

SynthBrass 1

96

Pad 8 (sweep)

31

Dist. Guitar

64

SynthBrass 2

97

FX 1 (rain)

32

Guitar harmonics

65

Soprano Sax

98

FX 2 (soundtrack)

33

Acoustic Bass

66

Alto Sax

99

FX 3 (crystal)

And that was the index of the instrument, below you have the index overt the Percussive instruments (drums)

No.

DrumKit

Uses

1

Standard GM kit 1

Everything

2

Standard GM kit 2

Same as 1

10

Rom Kit

Pop Ballads

17

Power Set

Rock, hard rock

25

Electronic kit

Ballads

26

Analog kit

Also used in ballads

27

Dance Kit

Uses in Dance, Teckno

28

Dance Kit 2

Same As 27

33

Standard GM kit 3

Same as 1,2 and 74,75

41

Brush/jazz kit

Uses in jazz, or ballads

49

Orchestral Kit

Uses in classical music

57

Effects Kit

Uses to make effects around your melody

65

Percussion kit 1

66

Percussion kit 2

74

Standard Gm Kit 4

75

Standard Gm Kit 5

No.: representing the Programchange

Midi setup

Midi setup, in this case midisetup.rg file will I show you how to change settings. I will introduce you to some controllers that you will find usefully to your midi setup

No.

Controller

What does the controller do

7

Volume

This sets the volume on the midi track 0 if lowest setting, 127 is the loudest setting

10

Balance

This controls sett the balance on the midi track, 0 is for the left side, and 127 is right, 65 is center

32

Bank Select

This controller select the different sound banks on your synth/keyboard "LSB" (fine) bank select

0

Bank Select

This controller is the MSB (coarse) bank change

91

reverb

This sets the room size on the midi track, 0 is for no acoustics, and 127 for max acoustics

midisetup.png

With this out of the way, you have setup a structured setup of the midi segment that tells your synth/keyboard what it should do. And then you simply can export the midi to any devices you want, even mobile phone.(if the mobile supports polyphonic midi)

here you can download the finish setup file

midisetup.rg

how to change bank select.

Sometime you wish to use different sounds on your Synth/keyboard that not belong in the GM standard, then you have to use controller that take care of this. Controller 0 and 32.

This functions are taken in use if you also want drums on other tracks then 10. Example percussion effects on tracks 16, that my favorite tracks to use for this functions. Then with controller 32 on data1, and number 4 on data2, changes what track 16 should do, in this case drums. And then with program change 57, will that track change to effect kit.

Controller 0 and 32, with number 0, is gm standard, use it on tracks 1-9, 11-16

Controller 0 and 32, with number 1-127 are those different banks, used on track 1-9, 11-16

Controller 32, with number 4, are for mine synth drums, that is use for standard on track 10, and on special need on any track you to your liking.

Yamaha keyboard with Gm2/Xg have some more options, I recommend you to read the manual that gives you the complete overview of the instrument on your keyboard, and there also says what banks the instrument exist on.

Let me take one example for you:

my keyboard have a instrument on controller 0(MSB) on value 8, and in controller 32(LSB) on value 1, and last on program change 3.

so the following is,

controller 0 with value 8

controller 32 with value 1

and last the program change with value 3

changebankselect.png

the order on when controller 0 and 32 and program change comes are important

remember that controller 0 and 32, have to come BEFORE program change.

i have included this in the standardupsetfile.

How to make rosegarden to automatically put controller and program change in the start of your segment, for exported midi

This is actually something I just found out. You use the instrument parameter to have the reverb, volume you want, and then the trick is to press a key on your keyboard when rosegarden count up for you, so you actually get one note in the count in before record. You can do this on every segment. And when you export the song to midi, the info will automatically be put inn. The only thing is, that you have to import the new midi file you made, and remove the note you don't need and save it again.

As I said, this is not necessary if you just held your project as a rosegarden file.

how to add a new midi device

All synth have many sounds, and you will not get to all the sound that are available with the GM only on the "quick instrument parameter pick". So if you follow this way you can try to add your synth/keyboard as your default device, and take in use all sound that lives in your keyboard/synth. New devices are added on new releases of rosegarden, so if you not find your own device here, you can just wait to see if it show up, or you can help the rosegarden project and make the instrument indexing your self, and simply send the *.rgd file to them, and at the same time join the rosegarden list: http://rosegardenmusic.com/support/lists/

mididevice.png

Placing your audio file for your new project

It's very important to be strict when there comes to where you placing your recording live instruments, vocals. Because without that you will after a wile get problem to find what files you are working on. it's not impossible, but without any structure on it, you will use allot of time find it. So lets say you have made your self a new midi melody "shallala", and you want to record your vocal on it, then you just remember to make a director that has the same name as your melody, and place your recorded audio in there.

audioplace.png

Choose --> "composition" ---> and then "edit document properties"

How to sign your melody

You want to tell everybody the you have made this tune, so belove you see how you can add what the song name is, who has composed it

signaudio.png

How to use Score editor to set controllers

addevent.png

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