Before reading this upgrade guide, please note that live updates to your production servers are carried out at your own risk. Debian Edu/Skolelinux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by applicable law.
Please read this chapter and the New features in Bookworm chapter of this manual completely before attempting to upgrade.
General notes on upgrading
Upgrading Debian from one distribution to the next is generally rather easy. For Debian Edu this is unfortunately a bit more complicated as we modify configuration files in ways we shouldn't. However we have documented the needed steps below. (See Debian bug 311188 for more information how Debian Edu should modify configuration files.)
In general, upgrading the servers is more difficult than the workstations and the main server is the most difficult to upgrade.
If you want to be sure that after the upgrade everything works as before, you should test the upgrade on a test system or systems configured the same way as your production machines. There you can test the upgrade without risk and see if everything works as it should.
Make sure to also read the information about the current Debian Stable release in its installation manual.
It may also be wise to wait a bit and keep running Oldstable for a few weeks longer, so that others can test the upgrade and document any problems they experience. The Oldstable release of Debian Edu will receive continued support for some time after the next Stable release, but when Debian ceases support for Oldstable, Debian Edu will necessarily do the same.
Upgrades from Debian Edu Bullseye
Be prepared: make sure you have tested the upgrade from Bullseye in a test environment or have backups ready to be able to go back.
Please note that the following recipe applies to a default Debian Edu main server installation (desktop=xfce, profiles Main Server, Workstation, LTSP Server). (For a general overview concerning Bullseye to Bookworm upgrade, see: https://www.debian.org/releases/bookworm/releasenotes)
Don't use X, use a virtual console, log in as root.
If apt finishes with an error, try to fix it and/or run apt -f install and then apt -y full-upgrade once again.
Upgrading the main server
- Start by making sure the current system is up-to-date:
apt update apt full-upgrade
- Prepare and start the upgrade to Bookworm:
sed -i 's/buster/bookworm/g' /etc/apt/sources.list export LC_ALL=C apt update apt upgrade --without-new-pkgs apt full-upgrade
apt-list-changes: be prepared for a lot of NEWS to read; press <return> to scroll down, <q> to leave the pager. All information will be mailed to root so that you can read it again (using mailx or mutt).
- Read all debconf information carefully, choose 'keep the local version currently installed' unless stated differently below; in most cases hitting return will be fine.
- restart services: Choose yes.
- Samba server and utilities: Choose 'keep the local version currently installed'.
- openssh-server: Choose 'keep the local version currently installed'.
- Apply and adjust configuration:
cf-agent -v -D installation
- Check if the upgraded system works:
Reboot; log in as first user and test
- if the GOsa² gui is working,
- if one is able to connect LTSP clients and workstations,
- if one can add/remove a netgroup membership of a system,
- if one can send and receive internal email,
- if one can manage printers,
- and if other site specific things are working.
Upgrading a workstation
Do all the basic things like on the main server and without doing the things not needed.
Upgrades from older Debian Edu / Skolelinux installations (before Bullseye)
To upgrade from any older release, you will need to upgrade to the Bullseye based Debian Edu release first, before you can follow the instructions provided above. Instructions are given in the Manual for Debian Edu Bullseye about how to upgrade to Bullseye from the previous release, Buster.