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The Console is often also known as the "Terminal" or "Shell". Technically, the Console is a combination of a "Terminal" and a "Shell". Usually the two terms are used as synonyms.

How to access the Console

In Debian, there are already six default virtual Consoles ready to be used. They all can be accessed using the key combination Ctrl + Alt + FN#Console. For example, the Console #3 is accessed by pressing Ctrl + Alt + F3.

Note The Console #7 is usually allocated to the graphical environment (Xorg, etc.).

Another method is to use a graphic display terminal within your desktop environment.

How to survive on the Linux Console

The usual shell commands are listed in coreutils and ShellCommands.

This section lists a selection of useful and popular programs that run from the shell.

Generic tools

Communication / Internet




"Graphic" editors

System Administration


TODO: This page needs some cleanup TODO: improve, add useful tools TODO: how can a console session be recorded in a file?

CategorySoftware | CategorySystemAdministration | CategoryCommandLineInterface | CategoryRedundant: merge some parts with other shell/CLI pages