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Revision 1 as of 2006-10-24 15:02:52
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Editor: ?MatheusMorais
Comment:
Revision 65 as of 2020-07-13 10:51:13
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Comment: Revive page with an almost complete rewrite to reflect Compiz's current state in Debian. Much more work remains but this gives the page a basic and up-to-date body of essential info for users.
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
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- A small word about Compiz #language en
~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[it/Compiz|Italiano]] - [[ru/Compiz|Русский]] -~
----
Compiz is one of the oldest compositing window managers for Xorg,
and though it has become less popular over time,
it still has remarkable performance and a very large featureset.
Effects are implemented as loadable plugins,
and Compiz can be used as a drop-in replacement for the default window managers and compositors of most other desktops.
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From Wikipedia,
"Compiz is one of the first compositing window managers for the X Window System that is able to take advantage of OpenGL-acceleration. The integration allows it to perform compositing effects in window management, such as a minimization effect and a cube workspace. Compiz conforms to the ICCCM standard and as such can substitute for the default Metacity in GNOME or KWin in KDE. Compiz brings some of the features found in competitors, such as Exposé in Apple's Mac OS X and a new Alt-Tab application-switcher, similar to the one found in Microsoft's Windows Vista. Compiz is built on the Composite extension to X and the GLX_EXT_texture_from_pixmap extension to OpenGL. Compiz was released by Novell in January 2006 in the wake of a new Xgl version."
Two versions of Compiz are in existence, Compiz 0.9.0 and Compiz 0.8.0.
The former is a rewrite of Compiz in C++ and the latter is the continued-development of the C version of Compiz by the Compiz Reloaded project.
Both are adequately maintained,
but while Ubuntu carries and develops Compiz 0.9,
the package in Debian is the Compiz 0.8 "Reloaded" version.
The difference between the two is primarily how many plugins are supported,
as the 0.9 rewrite had to exclude many of them.
Compiz 0.8 is also popularly considered to be faster and more stable.
<<TableOfContents(2)>>
= Installation =
== Compiz ==
A regular install of Compiz with the Compizconfig Settings Manager and the default plugin collection can be added simply by installing the DebianPkg:compiz package.
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"...Compiz works with modifications on the standard X.Org server, with AIGLX enabled. With AIGLX, Intel cards can also be used with Compiz. Even mobile cards work there." More plugins can be found in the DebianPkg:compiz-plugins-extra package,
and even more plugins (albeit unsupported ones) can be found in the DebianPkg:compiz-plugins-experimental package.
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At september Compiz integrated with AIGLX in X.org server 7.1 was accepted into unstable. It currently maintained by Debian X Strike Force. The desktop-specific pieces, if you're looking to integrate it into another environment,
can be found in the DebianPkg:compiz-gnome or DebianPkg:compiz-mate packages depending on which you're using.
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Here is a small document about how to set up your X.org with AIGLX enabled and Compiz integrated with Gnome. == Extras ==
DebianPkg:emerald is a window decorator for Compiz with a custom theme format that is highly customizable.
It, in addition to the DebianPkg:emerald-themes package, may be interesting to some.
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- The Procedure DebianPkg:fusion-icon is another useful package that offers a convenient tray icon that allows you to easily enable, disable and restart Compiz,
and change the currently used window manager and/or window decorator.
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First, you should verify if your video card is supported. Check the list of supported cards below. On Debian 11 and newer, the DebianPkg:compiz-boxmenu package provides a number of different menus to Compiz.
It is composed of a daemon that caches the different menus from various sources,
following desktop standards and a number of clients to ask the daemon for a specific type of menu,
clients that can be bound to different key-chords and mouse events using the Compizconfig Settings Manager.
----
= Usage =
== Configuration ==
Before starting Compiz, it's important to configure it, otherwise it'll be impossible to interact with it.
Use the Compizconfig Settings Manager to, at least,
activate the Window Decoration, Move Window, Resize Window, Place Window,
and Application Switcher plugins.
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Intel i830 through i945 graphics cards
ATI Radeon cards up to X800 series
NVIDIA graphics card which is supported in the 9xxx-series proprietary driver

We will need to fetch some packages from unstable, so point Debian official Unstable repository in your sources.list. (deb http://ftp.debian.org main unstable) and update it.

Use aptitude to get the follow packages:

xserver-xorg
xserver-xorg-core
libglitz1
libglitz-glx1
libdrm2
libgl1-mesa-dri
libgl1-mesa-glx
compiz
compiz-core
compiz-plugins
compiz-gtk
compiz-gnome

Now edit your /etc/X11/xorg.conf adding the section Extensions as you can see below:

Section "Extensions"
            Option "Composite" "enable"
EndSection

Also, you will need to add "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" option in section "Device":

Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" "true"

Restart your X.org server and login into Gnome. Open terminal window and type the following command:
== Starting Compiz ==
''fusion-icon'' may be a useful tool for starting and stopping Compiz,
however on a default setup, you can start Compiz by running:
{{{
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If e
verything is correct you will be able to use all compiz resources.

- Limitations

The water resource wich use GL_ARB_fragment_program, doesnt work propely using AIGLX in X.org 7.1

- Troubleshoting

If something fail you could check /var/log/Xorg.0.log and search for possible problems with
DRI and GLX. Verify if AIGLX is successfully loaded.

- Hot keys

Switch desktops on cube: Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
Switch desktops on cube - with active window following: Ctrl + Shift + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
Rotate cube manually: Ctrl + Alt + left-click
Zoom-in once: Super-key right-click
Zoom-in manually: Super-key + wheel mouse up
Zoom-out manually: Super-key + wheel mouse down
Move window: Alt + left-click
Slow-motion: Shift + F10
Transparency: Put mouse cursor over the window then press Alt + wheel mouse down
Exposé effect: Ctrl + Alt + Up Arrow or Point the mouse in top right at screen
}}}
And
view more options by running:
{{{
compiz --help
}}}
----
=
Default hot keys =
 *
Switch desktops on cube: Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
 * Switch desktops on cube - with active window following: Ctrl + Shift + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
 * Rotate cube manually: Ctrl + Alt + left-click
 * Zoom-in once: Super-key + right-click
 *
Zoom-in manually: Super-key + wheel mouse up
 * Zoom-out manually: Super-key + wheel mouse down
 * Move window: Alt + left-click
 * Slow-motion: Shift + F10
 * Transparency: Put mouse cursor over the window then press Alt + wheel mouse down
 * Expose effect: Ctrl + Alt + Up Arrow or Point the mouse in top right at screen
 * Take screenshot: Super-key + left-click drag
----
= Development =
Information regarding the packaging status of Compiz in Debian should be found on the [[Compiz-devel]] page,
however the page is currently very out-of-date relative to the package's current state in Debian.
----
CategorySoftware | CategoryDesktopEnvironment

Translation(s): English - Italiano - Русский


Compiz is one of the oldest compositing window managers for Xorg, and though it has become less popular over time, it still has remarkable performance and a very large featureset. Effects are implemented as loadable plugins, and Compiz can be used as a drop-in replacement for the default window managers and compositors of most other desktops.

Two versions of Compiz are in existence, Compiz 0.9.0 and Compiz 0.8.0. The former is a rewrite of Compiz in C++ and the latter is the continued-development of the C version of Compiz by the Compiz Reloaded project. Both are adequately maintained, but while Ubuntu carries and develops Compiz 0.9, the package in Debian is the Compiz 0.8 "Reloaded" version. The difference between the two is primarily how many plugins are supported, as the 0.9 rewrite had to exclude many of them. Compiz 0.8 is also popularly considered to be faster and more stable.

Installation

Compiz

A regular install of Compiz with the Compizconfig Settings Manager and the default plugin collection can be added simply by installing the compiz package.

More plugins can be found in the compiz-plugins-extra package, and even more plugins (albeit unsupported ones) can be found in the compiz-plugins-experimental package.

The desktop-specific pieces, if you're looking to integrate it into another environment, can be found in the compiz-gnome or compiz-mate packages depending on which you're using.

Extras

emerald is a window decorator for Compiz with a custom theme format that is highly customizable. It, in addition to the emerald-themes package, may be interesting to some.

fusion-icon is another useful package that offers a convenient tray icon that allows you to easily enable, disable and restart Compiz, and change the currently used window manager and/or window decorator.

On Debian 11 and newer, the compiz-boxmenu package provides a number of different menus to Compiz. It is composed of a daemon that caches the different menus from various sources, following desktop standards and a number of clients to ask the daemon for a specific type of menu, clients that can be bound to different key-chords and mouse events using the Compizconfig Settings Manager.


Usage

Configuration

Before starting Compiz, it's important to configure it, otherwise it'll be impossible to interact with it. Use the Compizconfig Settings Manager to, at least, activate the Window Decoration, Move Window, Resize Window, Place Window, and Application Switcher plugins.

Starting Compiz

fusion-icon may be a useful tool for starting and stopping Compiz, however on a default setup, you can start Compiz by running:

compiz --replace

And view more options by running:

compiz --help


Default hot keys

  • Switch desktops on cube: Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
  • Switch desktops on cube - with active window following: Ctrl + Shift + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
  • Rotate cube manually: Ctrl + Alt + left-click
  • Zoom-in once: Super-key + right-click
  • Zoom-in manually: Super-key + wheel mouse up
  • Zoom-out manually: Super-key + wheel mouse down
  • Move window: Alt + left-click
  • Slow-motion: Shift + F10
  • Transparency: Put mouse cursor over the window then press Alt + wheel mouse down
  • Expose effect: Ctrl + Alt + Up Arrow or Point the mouse in top right at screen
  • Take screenshot: Super-key + left-click drag


Development

Information regarding the packaging status of Compiz in Debian should be found on the Compiz-devel page, however the page is currently very out-of-date relative to the package's current state in Debian.


CategorySoftware | CategoryDesktopEnvironment