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- A small word about Compiz == A short introduction about Compiz ==
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From Wikipedia,
"Compiz is one of the first compositing window managers for the X Window System that is able to take advantage of OpenGL-acceleration. The integration allows it to perform compositing effects in window management, such as a minimization effect and a cube workspace. Compiz conforms to the ICCCM standard and as such can substitute for the default Metacity in GNOME or KWin in KDE. Compiz brings some of the features found in competitors, such as Exposé in Apple's Mac OS X and a new Alt-Tab application-switcher, similar to the one found in Microsoft's Windows Vista. Compiz is built on the Composite extension to X and the GLX_EXT_texture_from_pixmap extension to OpenGL. Compiz was released by Novell in January 2006 in the wake of a new Xgl version."
From Wikipedia:
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"...Compiz works with modifications on the standard X.Org server, with AIGLX enabled. With AIGLX, Intel cards can also be used with Compiz. Even mobile cards work there." ''"Compiz is one of the first compositing window managers for the X Window System that is able to take advantage of OpenGL-acceleration. The integration allows it to perform compositing effects in window management, such as a minimization effect and a cube workspace. Compiz conforms to the ICCCM standard and as such can substitute for the default Metacity in GNOME or KWin in KDE. Compiz brings some of the features found in competitors, such as Exposé in Apple's Mac OS X and a new Alt-Tab application-switcher, similar to the one found in Microsoft's Windows Vista. Compiz is built on the Composite extension to X and the GLX_EXT_texture_from_pixmap extension to OpenGL. Compiz was released by Novell in January 2006 in the wake of a new Xgl version."''
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At september Compiz integrated with AIGLX in X.org server 7.1 was accepted into unstable. It currently maintained by Debian X Strike Force. ''"...Compiz works with modifications on the standard X.Org server, with AIGLX enabled. With AIGLX, Intel cards can also be used with Compiz. Even mobile cards work there."''
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Here is a small document about how to set up your X.org with AIGLX enabled and Compiz integrated with Gnome. In September 2006, X.org 7.1 (AIGLX merged) and Compiz were accepted into Debian unstable and further into testing. It is currently maintained by the Debian X Strike Force.
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- The Procedure == Debian compiz + AIGLX HOWTO ==
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First, you should verify if your video card is supported. Check the list of supported cards below. First, you should verify if your video card is supported. Check the list of supported cards below (on other cards, Compiz would need Xgl):
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Intel i830 through i945 graphics cards
ATI Radeon cards up to X800 series
NVIDIA graphics card which is supported in the 9xxx-series proprietary driver
 * Intel i830 through i945 graphic cards
 * ATI Radeon cards up to X800 series
 * NVIDIA graphic cards are supported in the 9xxx-series proprietary driver
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We will need to fetch some packages from unstable, so point Debian official Unstable repository in your sources.list. (deb http://ftp.debian.org main unstable) and update it. We will need to fetch some packages from testing or unstable, so point Debian official Unstable repository in your "/etc/apt/sources.list". (deb [http://ftp.debian.org] main unstable) and "apt-get update".
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Use aptitude to get the follow packages: Install the following packages:
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xserver-xorg
xserver-xorg-core
libglitz1
libglitz-glx1
libdrm2
libgl1-mesa-dri
libgl1-mesa-glx
compiz
compiz-core
compiz-plugins
compiz-gtk
compiz-gnome
 xserver-xorg xserver-xorg-core libglitz1 libglitz-glx1 libdrm2 libgl1-mesa-dri libgl1-mesa-glx compiz compiz-core compiz-plugins compiz-gtk compiz-gnome mesa-utils
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Now edit your /etc/X11/xorg.conf adding the section Extensions as you can see below: Add the following options to the corresponding sections in the file `/etc/X11/xorg.conf`:

{{{
Section "ServerLayout"
        Option "AIGLX" "true"
EndSection
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     Option "Composite" "enable"         Option "Composite" "enable"
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Also, you will need to add "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" option in section "Device": Section "Device"
        Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" "true"
EndSection
}}}
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Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" "true" Nvidia user may also need:
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Restart your X.org server and login into Gnome. Open terminal window and type the following command: {{{
Section "Device"
        Option "AllowGLXWithComposite" "true"
EndSection
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Section "Screen"
        Option "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "True"
EndSection

Section "Module"
        #Load "dri"
        #Load "GLcore"
EndSection
}}}

Restart your X.org server and login into GNOME. Open a terminal and issue the following command:

{{{
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}}}
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[[BR]]
You may want to start your compiz automatically with GNOME:
[[BR]]
Add "compiz --replace" to "Desktop -> Preferences -> Sessions -> Startup Programs".
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- Limitations == Limitations ==
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The water resource wich use GL_ARB_fragment_program, doesnt work propely using AIGLX in X.org 7.1 The water effect uses GL_ARB_fragment_program, which not currently work propely with the open source drivers under AIGLX in X.org 7.1.
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- Troubleshoting == Troubleshooting ==
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If something fail you could check /var/log/Xorg.0.log and search for possible problems with DRI and GLX. Verify if AIGLX is successfully loaded. If something fail you could check /var/log/Xorg.0.log and search for possible problems with DRI and GLX. You also should verify if AIGLX was successfully loaded.
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- Hot keys == Default hot keys ==
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Switch desktops on cube: Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
Switch desktops on cube - with active window following: Ctrl + Shift + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
Rotate cube manually: Ctrl + Alt + left-click
Zoom-in once: Super-key right-click
Zoom-in manually: Super-key + wheel mouse up
Zoom-out manually: Super-key + wheel mouse down
Move window: Alt + left-click
Slow-motion: Shift + F10
Transparency: Put mouse cursor over the window then press Alt + wheel mouse down
Exposé effect: Ctrl + Alt + Up Arrow or Point the mouse in top right at screen
 * Switch desktops on cube: Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
 * Switch desktops on cube - with active window following: Ctrl + Shift + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
 * Rotate cube manually: Ctrl + Alt + left-click
 * Zoom-in once: Super-key + right-click
 * Zoom-in manually: Super-key + wheel mouse up
 * Zoom-out manually: Super-key + wheel mouse down
 * Move window: Alt + left-click
 * Slow-motion: Shift + F10
 * Transparency: Put mouse cursor over the window then press Alt + wheel mouse down
 * Expose effect: Ctrl + Alt + Up Arrow or Point the mouse in top right at screen

== External Links ==

 [http://wizah.blogspot.com/2006/10/debian-how-to-aiglx-compiz.html Debian HOW-TO : AIGLX + Compiz]

A short introduction about Compiz

From Wikipedia:

"Compiz is one of the first compositing window managers for the X Window System that is able to take advantage of OpenGL-acceleration. The integration allows it to perform compositing effects in window management, such as a minimization effect and a cube workspace. Compiz conforms to the ICCCM standard and as such can substitute for the default Metacity in GNOME or KWin in KDE. Compiz brings some of the features found in competitors, such as Exposé in Apple's Mac OS X and a new Alt-Tab application-switcher, similar to the one found in Microsoft's Windows Vista. Compiz is built on the Composite extension to X and the GLX_EXT_texture_from_pixmap extension to OpenGL. Compiz was released by Novell in January 2006 in the wake of a new Xgl version."

"...Compiz works with modifications on the standard X.Org server, with AIGLX enabled. With AIGLX, Intel cards can also be used with Compiz. Even mobile cards work there."

In September 2006, X.org 7.1 (AIGLX merged) and Compiz were accepted into Debian unstable and further into testing. It is currently maintained by the Debian X Strike Force.

Debian compiz + AIGLX HOWTO

First, you should verify if your video card is supported. Check the list of supported cards below (on other cards, Compiz would need Xgl):

  • Intel i830 through i945 graphic cards
  • ATI Radeon cards up to X800 series
  • NVIDIA graphic cards are supported in the 9xxx-series proprietary driver

We will need to fetch some packages from testing or unstable, so point Debian official Unstable repository in your "/etc/apt/sources.list". (deb [http://ftp.debian.org] main unstable) and "apt-get update".

Install the following packages:

  • xserver-xorg xserver-xorg-core libglitz1 libglitz-glx1 libdrm2 libgl1-mesa-dri libgl1-mesa-glx compiz compiz-core compiz-plugins compiz-gtk compiz-gnome mesa-utils

Add the following options to the corresponding sections in the file /etc/X11/xorg.conf:

Section "ServerLayout"
        Option "AIGLX" "true"
EndSection

Section "Extensions"
        Option "Composite" "enable"
EndSection

Section "Device"
        Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" "true"
EndSection

Nvidia user may also need:

Section "Device"
        Option "AllowGLXWithComposite" "true"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
        Option "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "True"
EndSection

Section "Module"
        #Load "dri"
        #Load "GLcore"
EndSection

Restart your X.org server and login into GNOME. Open a terminal and issue the following command:

compiz --replace

If everything is correct you will be able to use all compiz resources. ?BR You may want to start your compiz automatically with GNOME: ?BR Add "compiz --replace" to "Desktop -> Preferences -> Sessions -> Startup Programs".

Limitations

The water effect uses GL_ARB_fragment_program, which not currently work propely with the open source drivers under AIGLX in X.org 7.1.

Troubleshooting

If something fail you could check /var/log/Xorg.0.log and search for possible problems with DRI and GLX. You also should verify if AIGLX was successfully loaded.

Default hot keys

  • Switch desktops on cube: Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
  • Switch desktops on cube - with active window following: Ctrl + Shift + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
  • Rotate cube manually: Ctrl + Alt + left-click
  • Zoom-in once: Super-key + right-click
  • Zoom-in manually: Super-key + wheel mouse up
  • Zoom-out manually: Super-key + wheel mouse down
  • Move window: Alt + left-click
  • Slow-motion: Shift + F10
  • Transparency: Put mouse cursor over the window then press Alt + wheel mouse down
  • Expose effect: Ctrl + Alt + Up Arrow or Point the mouse in top right at screen