Commands > File Manager Commands
This category make a listing of commands who serve for the file management (make a file, display a file, make a directory,…).
For each command you can find a short description and a link to its manpage (you can also access the manpage by the command man name_of_command in your terminal). See also Documentation on Debian.
Organizing files and directories
cp : Copy one or more files to another location
dir : Briefly list directory contents
file : Tells what kind of files are those listed on command line
gzip/gunzip: Compress or decompress named file(s)
ls : List information about file(s)
mv : Move or rename files or directories
mkdir : Make directory
popd : Remove the top entry from the directory stack, and cd to the new top directory.
pushd : Save and then change the current directory. With no arguments, pushd exchanges the top two directories.
pwd : Display the working directory (Print Working Directory)
rcp : Remote Copy - move files between machines.
rm : Remove files
rmdir : Remove directory
rsh : Remote shell
rsync : Remote file copy - Synchronize file trees across local disks, directories or across a network.
scp : Secure copy (remote file copy program)
sync : Synchronize data on disk with memory
tar : Tape ARchiver, store, list or extract files in an archive.
cat : Display the contents of a file (concatenate)
less : Display output one screen at a time, Search through output, Edit the command line.
more : Display output one screen at a time, less provides more emulation and extensive enhancements.
chgrp : Change group ownership
chmod : Change access permissions, change mode
chown : Change owner, change the user and/or group ownership of each given File to a new Owner.
Obtaining system information
df : Disk Free - display free disk space
du : Disk Usage - report the amount of disk space used by the specified files and for each subdirectory
file : Determine file type
free : Display the usage of RAM
uname : Display the system version
Information on identity of user
groups : Print group names a user is in
id : Print real and effective user id (uid) and group id (gid), prints identity information about the given user, or if no user is specified the current process
whoami : Print the current user id and name (`id -un')
Finding a file
find : Search a folder hierarchy for filename(s) that meet a desired criteria: Name, Size, File Type,…
locate : Find files
lpc : line printer control program
lpr : off line print - sends a print job to the default system queue
lprint : Print files
lprintd : Abort a printing task
lprintq : List of printing task
lprm : Remove a task in list of printing task
pr : Format text file to printing
history : History of commands
screen : Multiplex a physical terminal between several processes (typically interactive shells)