Commands > File Manager Commands
This category make a listing of commands who serve for the file management (make a file, display a file, make a directory,…).
For each command you can find a short description and a link to its manpage (you can also access the manpage by the command man name_of_command in your terminal). See also Documentation on Debian.
Organizing files and directories
cp : Copy one or more files to another location
dir : Briefly list directory contents
file : Tells what kind of files are those listed on command line
gzip/gunzip: Compress or decompress named file(s)
ls : List information about file(s)
mv : Move or rename files or directories
mkdir : Make directory
popd : Remove the top entry from the directory stack, and cd to the new top directory.
pushd : Save and then change the current directory. With no arguments, pushd exchanges the top two directories.
pwd : Display the working directory (Print Working Directory)
rcp : Remote Copy - move files between machines.
rm : Remove files
rmdir : Remove directory
rsh : Remote shell
rsync : Remote file copy - Synchronize file trees across local disks, directories or across a network.
scp : Secure copy (remote file copy program)
sync : Synchronize data on disk with memory
tar : Tape ARchiver, store, list or extract files in an archive.
The text editors in ?CLI are very important with the operating system on unix type because they use configuration files.
See Text editors
cat : Display the contents of a file (concatenate)
less : Display output one screen at a time, Search through output, Edit the command line.
more : Display output one screen at a time, less provides more emulation and extensive enhancements.
chgrp : Change group ownership
chmod : Change access permissions, change mode
chown : Change owner, change the user and/or group ownership of each given File to a new Owner.
Obtaining system information
df : Disk Free - display free disk space
du : Disk Usage - report the amount of disk space used by the specified files and for each subdirectory
file : Determine file type
free : Display the usage of RAM
uname : Display the system version
Information on identity of user
groups : Print group names a user is in
id : Print real and effective user id (uid) and group id (gid), prints identity information about the given user, or if no user is specified the current process
whoami : Print the current user id and name (`id -un')
Finding a file
find : Search a folder hierarchy for filename(s) that meet a desired criteria: Name, Size, File Type,…
locate : Find files
lpc : line printer control program
lpr : off line print - sends a print job to the default system queue
lprint : Print files
lprintd : Abort a printing task
lprintq : List of printing task
lprm : Remove a task in list of printing task
pr : Format text file to printing
history : History of commands
screen : Multiplex a physical terminal between several processes (typically interactive shells)