Differences between revisions 8 and 36 (spanning 28 versions)
Revision 8 as of 2016-04-06 15:52:27
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Editor: ?DarrellFixler
Comment: typo/translation fixes
Revision 36 as of 2021-09-20 16:40:56
Size: 3015
Editor: ?MichaelKesper
Comment: Add genericcloud image
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
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The goal of this page is to list the differences, and organize which and how to
resolve them. Here, ''standard'' refers to Debian systems installed with
DebianInstaller with the default settings, following the instructions in
https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/installmanual.
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The goal of this page is to list the differences, and organize which and how to resolve them. Here, ''standard'' refers to Debian systems installed with DebianInstaller with the default settings, following the instructions in http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/installmanual.

Eventually, we should converge on a consensus that the remaining differences,
if any, do not prevent us to claim that the cloud images are genuine Debian systems (DebianBug:706052).

== Availability of installer source code ==

 * Standard systems are prepared with DebianInstaller, which is packaged in the Debian archive. TODO: check if the source code of all scripts used to prepare the binary images of DebianInstaller (install CDs, etc.) is also packaged.
 * AWS and GCE images are prepared with {{{build-debian-cloud}}}, to be packaged (DebianBug:693198). TODO: How about Azure images ?
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 * AWS, Azure and GCE images are available on the respective public clouds.
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 * Debian does not distribute binary images of standard systems, but distributes installation media with a binary image of DebianInstaller.
 * AWS, Azure and GCE images are available on the respective public clouds.
 * Distribution of a generic cloud image in the debian archive is under discussion.
 * TODO: How about the Debian live images ?
|| || '''Debian CD (standard image) ''' || '''KVM''' || '''AWS''' || '''Azure''' || '''GCP''' || '''Openstack''' || '''Oracle''' ||
||<rowstyle="background-color: #E0E0FF;"> Tool for generating images || DebianInstaller || [[https://tracker.debian.org/pkg/fai|fai]] || [[https://tracker.debian.org/pkg/fai|fai]] || [[https://tracker.debian.org/pkg/fai|fai]] || [[https://tracker.debian.org/pkg/fai|fai]] || [[https://tracker.debian.org/pkg/openstack-debian-images|openstack-debian-images]] and FAI|| [[https://tracker.debian.org/pkg/bootstrap-vz|bootstrap-vz]] ||
||<rowstyle="background-color: #FFFFE0;"> Archive components available by default || main || main || main || main || main || main || main ||
||<rowstyle="background-color: #E0E0FF;"> Images available for Debian releases (suites) || stable || stable || stable || stable<<FootNote(Discussions are under way (independently for DebianInstaller and cloud images) to list stable backports by default (installation of backport packages will still be manual, but updates become automatic))>> || stable, testing || stable, testing || stable ||
||<rowstyle="background-color: #FFFFE0;"> Kernel || default || cloud || cloud || cloud || cloud || both (2 flavors) || custom ||
||<rowstyle="background-color: #E0E0FF;"> Installed packages (default image) || packages with priority '''important''' (''debootstrap'' and higher (plus user choice if any [''tasksel'']) || '''cloud-init''' || '''cloud-init''', <<BR>>'''awscli''' || '''waagent''' || '''google-compute-engine''' || unknown || unknown ||
||<rowstyle="background-color: #FFFFE0;"> Packages installed from outside of Debian archive || none || none || none || none || see<<FootNote([[Cloud/GoogleComputeEngineImage]])>> || none || unknown ||
||<rowstyle="background-color: #E0E0FF;"> Default system account || none || ? || admin || debian || none<<FootNote(https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/compute-image-packages)>> || debian || opc ||
||<rowstyle="background-color: #FFFFE0;"> Images description schema || debian-<release version>-<architecture>-<CD number|desktop configuration>.iso || debian-<release version>-genericcloud-<architecture>.[iso|qcow2|raw|tar.xz] || 379101102735 <<FootNote(AMI owner AWS account ID see on [[Cloud/AmazonEC2Image/Marketplace]])>>/debian-<codename>-<architecture>-<YYYYMMDD> || unkown || debian-<release version>-<codename>-v<YYYYMMDD> || debian-<release version>-<YYYYMMDD>-openstack-<arch>.qcow2 || unknown ||
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== Contents (Stable systems) == ----
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=== Area ===

 * All: only the ''main'' area is enabled by default (not ''contrib'' or ''non-free'').

=== Distribution ===

 * All: only the ''stable'' distribution is used. Discussions are under way (independently for DebianInstaller and cloud images) to list stable backports by default (installation of backport packages will still be manual, but updates become automatic).

=== Kernel ===

 * Default for standard and AWS.
 * Custom for Azure, GCE and Oracle Compute.
 * TODO: what is the kernel on Azure and in Debian live systems ?

=== Packages ===

 * Standard systems contain all packages installed by {{{debootstrap}}}, plus the ones installed by {{{tasksel}}}.
 * Cloud systems contain all the packages installed by {{{debootstrap}}}. Addition of extra packages such as {{{less}}} and {{{psmisc}}} are discussed in (DebianBug:696154). Addition of {{{cloud-init}}} from {{{wheezy-backports}}} is discussed on the mailing list.
 * GCE images have third-party packages installed google-startup-scripts, google-compute-daemon, image-bundle (Free software).
 * TODO: How about the Debian live images ?

=== Non-packaged programs ===

 * Standard installations: none.
 * {{{build-debian-cloud}}} adds some startup scripts to the images it produces.
 * GCE images: Two unpackaged command-line utilities, see [[Cloud/GoogleComputeEngineImage]].
 * TODO: Azure and Live ?

== Default account ==

 * No default account name on standard images
 * {{{admin}}} on AWS
 * {{{opc}}} on Oracle Compute
 * No default account name on GCE images (see https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/linux-quickstart)
 * TODO: how about Azure and Debian live images ?

== Identifiers ==

 * AWS:
  * 379101102735/debian-''codename''-''architecture''-''YYYYMMDD''
  * 379101102735 is the account ID from which the images are produced.
 * Azure: ?
 * GCE:
  * debian-''N''-''codename''-v''YYYYMMDD''
  * Debian GNU/Linux N.N (codename) built on YYYY-MM-DD
  * Project ID: debian-cloud
 * Oracle Compute:
  * ''Not released yet'' (Jan 2016).
CategoryVirtualization | CategorySystemAdministration | CategorySoftware

List of differences between standard and cloud systems

The goal of this page is to list the differences, and organize which and how to resolve them. Here, standard refers to Debian systems installed with DebianInstaller with the default settings, following the instructions in https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/installmanual.

Distribution Binary images

  • AWS, Azure and GCE images are available on the respective public clouds.

Debian CD (standard image)

KVM

AWS

Azure

GCP

Openstack

Oracle

Tool for generating images

DebianInstaller

fai

fai

fai

fai

openstack-debian-images and FAI

bootstrap-vz

Archive components available by default

main

main

main

main

main

main

main

Images available for Debian releases (suites)

stable

stable

stable

stable1

stable, testing

stable, testing

stable

Kernel

default

cloud

cloud

cloud

cloud

both (2 flavors)

custom

Installed packages (default image)

packages with priority important (debootstrap and higher (plus user choice if any [tasksel])

cloud-init

cloud-init,
awscli

waagent

google-compute-engine

unknown

unknown

Packages installed from outside of Debian archive

none

none

none

none

see2

none

unknown

Default system account

none

?

admin

debian

none3

debian

opc

Images description schema

debian-<release version>-<architecture>-<CD number|desktop configuration>.iso

debian-<release version>-genericcloud-<architecture>.[iso|qcow2|raw|tar.xz]

379101102735 4/debian-<codename>-<architecture>-<YYYYMMDD>

unkown

debian-<release version>-<codename>-v<YYYYMMDD>

debian-<release version>-<YYYYMMDD>-openstack-<arch>.qcow2

unknown


CategoryVirtualization | CategorySystemAdministration | CategorySoftware

  1. Discussions are under way (independently for DebianInstaller and cloud images) to list stable backports by default (installation of backport packages will still be manual, but updates become automatic) (1)

  2. Cloud/GoogleComputeEngineImage (2)

  3. https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/compute-image-packages (3)

  4. AMI owner AWS account ID see on Cloud/AmazonEC2Image/Marketplace (4)