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List of differences between standard and cloud systems

The goal of this page is to list the differences, and organize which and how to resolve them. Here, standard refers to Debian systems installed with DebianInstaller with the default settings, following the instructions in http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/installmanual.

Distribution Binary images

  • Debian does not distribute binary images of standard systems, but distributes installation media with a binary image of DebianInstaller.

  • AWS, Azure and GCE images are available on the respective public clouds.

Debian CD (standard image)

AWS

Azure

GCP

Openstack

Oracle

Tool for generating images

DebianInstaller

fai

fai

fai

openstack-debian-images

bootstrap-vz

Archive components available by default

main

main

main

main

main

main

Images available for Debian releases (suites)

stable

stable

stable1

stable, testing

stable

stable

Kernel

default

cloud

cloud

cloud

unknown

custom

Installed packages (default image)

packages with priority important (debootstrap and higher (plus user choice if any [tasksel])

packages from debootstrap plus:
cloud-init,
apt-transport-https,
awscli

unknown

packages from debootstrap plus:
google-compute-engine,
google-compute-engine-init,
google-config,
google-cloud-sdk

unknown

unknown

Packages installed from outside of Debian archive

none

none

none

see2

unknown

unknown

Default system account

none

admin

debian

none3

debian

opc

Images description schema

debian-<release version>-<architecture>-<CD number|desktop configuration>.iso

3791011027354/debian-<codename>-<architecture>-<YYYYMMDD>

unkown

debian-<release version>-<codename>-v<YYYYMMDD>

debian-<release version>-<YYYYMMDD>-openstack-<arch>.qcow2

unknown

kernel runtime params (sysctl)

none (this is a reference setup for other images)

none

none

none

unchanged from debootstrap

unknown


CategoryVirtualization | CategorySystemAdministration | CategorySoftware

  1. Discussions are under way (independently for DebianInstaller and cloud images) to list stable backports by default (installation of backport packages will still be manual, but updates become automatic) (1)

  2. Cloud/GoogleComputeEngineImage (2)

  3. https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/compute-image-packages (3)

  4. AMI owner AWS account ID (4)