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Revision 2 as of 2013-04-22 11:39:44
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Editor: BrianGupta
Comment: Incorporated Jimmy's first email into content
Revision 56 as of 2021-05-07 18:27:26
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Comment: Add notes detailing the relationship between the GCE images and the cloud team.
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Cloud/[[Google Compute Engine]] Image lists for Google Compute Engine <<TableOfContents>>
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== Official Debian AMIs ==
(Work in Progress)
{{{#!wiki caution
'''Notice'''
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For discussion about Debian on various cloud providers, please visit [[http://lists.debian.org/debian-cloud/|Debian-Cloud mailing list]]. Debian images available on GCE are not published by Debian and are considered derivatives from Debian's perspective. In particular, they enable third-party apt sources and install software in the default image that is not part of Debian. If you are interested in enabling Debian to publish working images to GCE in the future, please contact the [[Teams/Cloud|cloud team]].
}}}
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== Image build script == Cloud/[[GoogleComputeEngine]] Image lists for Google Compute Engine
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Anders Ingemann has created a build script for bootstrapping instances. The script runs fully automatic and needs no user interaction, custom scripts can be attached to the process as well. You can download or clone the script on [[https://github.com/andsens/build-debian-cloud | github]]. Any bugs or suggestions should be reported via the github issue tracker. == Google Compute Engine Documentation ==
Google Compute Engine documentation:
[[https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/]]
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== Procedure to build images == Google Cloud SDK (gcloud CLI) Documentation
[[https://cloud.google.com/sdk/]]
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== Future Plans == == Debian Images ==
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Google Compute Engine Debian 10 Buster images are built with fai from the official Debian cloud image project [[https://salsa.debian.org/cloud-team/debian-cloud-images]].
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== User contributed images == Google Compute Engine Debian 9 Stretch images are built with bootstrap-vz. All the configuration and manifest data is provided open source as part of that project [[https://github.com/andsens/bootstrap-vz/tree/master/manifests/official/gce]].
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== Notes on Kernel ==
You may notice that all Google Compute Engine images are booted using an
injected Linux 3.3.8 kernel using a configuration to reduce security
vulnerabilities. Most notably, that configuration disables modules and access
to /dev/mem. We are working to add support for booting from arbitrary kernels,
as we know it’s an important freedom. In the meantime, /proc/config.gz will
show the enabled options. Kernel source code is available here:
Debian community members are welcome to help improve and maintain the images in Google Compute Engine. Issues can be filed in the compute-image-packages Github project [[https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/compute-image-packages/issues]].
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https://developers.google.com/compute/docs/kernels#source More details about what is configured or added is maintained in the Google Compute Engine Images documentation [[https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images]].
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== SSH user accounts ==
One intentional difference from the Amazon EC2 images is that, instead of
sshing in via a default “admin” account, we install a cron job in /etc/cron.d
to manage accounts in line with the Google Compute Engine documentation. See
here for how ssh works:
https://developers.google.com/compute/docs/hello_world#ssh
For discussion about Debian on various cloud providers, please visit the [[http://lists.debian.org/debian-cloud/|debian-cloud mailing list]].
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== GCE Documentation ==
Google Compute Engine home page, including documentation:
https://developers.google.com/compute/
=== SSH user accounts ===
SSH in Google Compute Engine is provided using user provided SSH keys. There is not a default account or password configured in GCE images. For more information on how to SSH into GCE Debian instances, refer to the Google Compute Engine SSH documentation:
[[https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/instances/connecting-to-instance]]

The software to facilitate SSH key based login via metadata is provided in the base images and is open source licensed under the Apache License 2.0 [[https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/compute-image-packages]].

== Listing Current Images ==
To list the currently-recommended, newest versions of Debian images on Google Compute Engine, use the Google Cloud SDK command line tool gcloud [[https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/gcloud-compute/]]:

{{{
gcloud compute images list --project=debian-cloud --no-standard-images
}}}

== Using An Image ==

To use the most up to date Debian 10 Buster image, use the "debian-10" image family when creating a new instance.

{{{
gcloud compute instances create "<instance-name>" --image-project debian-cloud --image-family debian-10 --zone="<zone>"
}}}

To use the most up to date Debian 9 Stretch image, use the "debian-9" image family when creating a new instance.

{{{
gcloud compute instances create "<instance-name>" --image-project debian-cloud --image-family debian-9 --zone="<zone>"
}}}

== Listing Older and Deprecated Images ==

As Google Compute Engine releases new images, older images will be deprecated and eventually removed. When this happens, Google Compute Engine sets the deprecation status on an image.

{{{
gcloud compute images list --project=debian-cloud --no-standard-images --show-deprecated
}}}

== Building a Google Compute Engine Image ==

To build a Debian image for Google Compute Engine, use the tools and configurations from the open source Google provided tools which wrap the fai build
[[https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/compute-image-tools/tree/master/daisy_workflows/image_build/debian]] or the Debian cloud images build tools directly [[https://salsa.debian.org/cloud-team/debian-cloud-images]].
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If you have any questions, concerns, or general feedback, please don’t hesitate
to contact the Google Compute team (gc-team@google.com) or David McWherter
(cache@google
.com) or me (jimmy@debian.org or jkaplowitz@google.com) directly
about this effort.
If you have any questions, concerns, or general feedback, please don’t hesitate to contact the Google Compute team (gc-team@google.com) or open an issue in the compute-image-packages Github project [[https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/compute-image-packages/issues]].
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== Unsorted notes == == Google Compute Engine Debian Experiments Project ==
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Gaining access: We’ve created two projects for Debian’s use for Google Compute
Engine. Billing for Compute and Storage has been waived on these projects.
The first project, ‘debian-cloud’ is intended for pushing new images for
customers. The second project ‘debian-cloud-experiments’ is intended for
Debian volunteers to experiment with the project. It has a small quota and
must be shared. We can work with Debian to maintain who can use these
projects, or we can push management off to trusted parties in Debian. Google
Compute Engine is working toward toward general availability, so over time it
will become easier for anyone to get involved.
A project, "debian-cloud-experiments", for Debian is available with limited quota for Debian Developers to experiment with the platform. Please let us know if you would like access to experiment in this project.

----

CategoryVirtualization | CategorySystemAdministration

Notice

Debian images available on GCE are not published by Debian and are considered derivatives from Debian's perspective. In particular, they enable third-party apt sources and install software in the default image that is not part of Debian. If you are interested in enabling Debian to publish working images to GCE in the future, please contact the cloud team.

Cloud/GoogleComputeEngine Image lists for Google Compute Engine

Google Compute Engine Documentation

Google Compute Engine documentation: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/

Google Cloud SDK (gcloud CLI) Documentation https://cloud.google.com/sdk/

Debian Images

Google Compute Engine Debian 10 Buster images are built with fai from the official Debian cloud image project https://salsa.debian.org/cloud-team/debian-cloud-images.

Google Compute Engine Debian 9 Stretch images are built with bootstrap-vz. All the configuration and manifest data is provided open source as part of that project https://github.com/andsens/bootstrap-vz/tree/master/manifests/official/gce.

Debian community members are welcome to help improve and maintain the images in Google Compute Engine. Issues can be filed in the compute-image-packages Github project https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/compute-image-packages/issues.

More details about what is configured or added is maintained in the Google Compute Engine Images documentation https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images.

For discussion about Debian on various cloud providers, please visit the debian-cloud mailing list.

SSH user accounts

SSH in Google Compute Engine is provided using user provided SSH keys. There is not a default account or password configured in GCE images. For more information on how to SSH into GCE Debian instances, refer to the Google Compute Engine SSH documentation: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/instances/connecting-to-instance

The software to facilitate SSH key based login via metadata is provided in the base images and is open source licensed under the Apache License 2.0 https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/compute-image-packages.

Listing Current Images

To list the currently-recommended, newest versions of Debian images on Google Compute Engine, use the Google Cloud SDK command line tool gcloud https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/gcloud-compute/:

gcloud compute images list --project=debian-cloud --no-standard-images

Using An Image

To use the most up to date Debian 10 Buster image, use the "debian-10" image family when creating a new instance.

gcloud compute instances create "<instance-name>" --image-project debian-cloud --image-family debian-10 --zone="<zone>"

To use the most up to date Debian 9 Stretch image, use the "debian-9" image family when creating a new instance.

gcloud compute instances create "<instance-name>" --image-project debian-cloud --image-family debian-9 --zone="<zone>"

Listing Older and Deprecated Images

As Google Compute Engine releases new images, older images will be deprecated and eventually removed. When this happens, Google Compute Engine sets the deprecation status on an image.

gcloud compute images list --project=debian-cloud --no-standard-images --show-deprecated

Building a Google Compute Engine Image

To build a Debian image for Google Compute Engine, use the tools and configurations from the open source Google provided tools which wrap the fai build https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/compute-image-tools/tree/master/daisy_workflows/image_build/debian or the Debian cloud images build tools directly https://salsa.debian.org/cloud-team/debian-cloud-images.

Google Contacts

If you have any questions, concerns, or general feedback, please don’t hesitate to contact the Google Compute team (gc-team@google.com) or open an issue in the compute-image-packages Github project https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/compute-image-packages/issues.

Google Compute Engine Debian Experiments Project

A project, "debian-cloud-experiments", for Debian is available with limited quota for Debian Developers to experiment with the platform. Please let us know if you would like access to experiment in this project.


CategoryVirtualization | CategorySystemAdministration