Cloud Computing with Debian and its descendants
- What cloud software are already available in Debian
- Debian cloud images
- How to contribute
- Where to get more information
- Who in the Debian community is interested in clouds and why?
- See also
Cloud Computing with Debian and its descendants
This page summaries on what to expect from Debian when it comes to compute clouds. Please refer to Wikipedia or other sources for details about what clouds are about. The idea is that you get virtual instances of some self-assembled or off-shelf booting disk image. You start them, pay for their lifetime (likely), pay for the data that goes in or out, and stop them again.
Our fine distribution can play any role in here. It can
- run as a cloud OS
- run the infrastructure that runs the clouds
- run as the joe the plumber's regular desktop OS that contacts the cloud infrastructure with requests to control the clouds
What cloud software are already available in Debian
See each page for more details :
Debian cloud images
Cloud images have to deviate from the base Debian image due to nature of the environment in which they are running.
On pages listed below we're trying to explain differences between them:
Cloud images requirements
Cloud/Images_requirements - list of requirements to call a image Official Debian Image
Building cloud images
bootstrap-vz - To build AWS AMIs, GCP Debian images, Openstack and Oracle images, Docker containters and more
Packer - written in go tool for creating many different types of images not only for Debian
Testing Debian cloud images (for Debian Cloud Image 'certification')
Note that the Cloud team settled on FAI to generate new images in the November 2016 sprint, see Sprints/2016/DebianCloudNov2016 and https://lists.debian.org/debian-cloud/2016/11/msg00100.html for details.
How to contribute
Join the Debian Cloud team or the mailing lists:
firstname.lastname@example.org (which is also the one for XenAPI / XCP)
Grab the sources in the /git/openstack or /git/pkg-xen on Alioth.
Note that, especially OpenStack, is BIG. We already have more than 50 binary packages of it in SID. So of course, we'd be more than happy to have help for its packaging/testing.
After reporting a bug against a Debian package, which has an impact on Debian images provided on or for clouds, please mark that the bug affects cloud.debian.org.
Bugs are divided in four categories, by usertagging with the address ?email@example.com:
image (Machine Images)
Bugs related to the images distributed in public clouds (outdatedness, lack of availability in all zones, etc.) can be usertagged ( More names of public clouds can of course be added, please keep the list of control commands below up to date) with:
aws (for Amazon Web Services)
azure (for Microsoft Azure)
gce (for Google Compute Engine)
openstack (for Openstack)
oracle (for Oracle)
The user categories were set up with the following control emails:
Where to get more information
Eucalyptus - a free cloud infrastructure with Debian packages pending
Cloud/CreateEucalyptusImage - instruction on how to prepare a cloud-ready image
Cloud/TorqueCluster - instruction how to setup a torque cluster within a Eucalyptus cloud
Cloud/Integration - changes or additions to Debian to prepare and run images using only packaged material.
OpenNebula - toolkit for IaaS cloud handling (with mixed private and public nodes)
- The Net At Large - various howtos that linking Debian with clouds
LinuxConfig.org - how to prepare an image for Amazon's EC2 (see also Cloud/CreateEC2Image)
Windows Azure cloud platform
Cloud/WindowsAzureImage Using and creating Debian Images on Windows Azure
Google Compute Engine cloud platform
Cloud/GoogleComputeEngineImage Using and creating Debian Images on Google Compute Engine
Oracle Compute Cloud Service cloud platform
Cloud/OracleComputeImage Using and creating Debian Images on Oracle Cloud
Cloud/SystemsComparison: List of differences between standard Debian systems and current cloud images. The goal is to resolve them.
Who in the Debian community is interested in clouds and why?
Firstly, the extension from providing packages together is to use them together. Thus, the clouds, just like computational grids, may become a way to extend our current way we think about our community. The following groups were observed to show some sincere interest in the cloud technology:
What is the default login name on the Debian AMIs?
A. The default user name is: admin. Authentication is ssh key based, therefore there is no password. admin is a privileged account with passwordless sudo to become root run:
HighPerformanceComputing - wiki page gathering tools for distributed computing which can/should partially be combined with cloud technology
Teams/Cloud - The Debian Cloud team.
The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing SP 800-145 (PDF).
These clouds don't have Debian images yet: