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Revision 338 as of 2020-07-10 15:55:15
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Revision 341 as of 2020-07-10 16:01:29
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 * Price incl. case lower than USD 160  * Price incl. case below USD 160
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||Cubieboard5/Cubietruck+ ||2x8||armhf/sunxi ||2||8|| (./) ||( (./) ) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard-5-CubieTruck-plus-Devboard-p10560.html|117]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable_untested|(untested)]]|| ||Cubieboard5/Cubietruck+ ||2x8||armhf/sunxi ||2||8|| (./) ||( (./) ) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard-5-CubieTruck-plus-Devboard-p10560.html|117]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable_untested|untested]]||
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||OLinuXino A20 MICRO ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|69]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable_untested|(untested)]]|| ||OLinuXino A20 MICRO ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|69]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable_untested|untested]]||
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||pcDuino 3S ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||4|| - || - ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/pcduino3s-a20-single-board-computer-no-power-supply-or-hdmi-cable/|89]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable_untested|(untested)]]||
||Pine64 PINE A64-LTS ||1.2x4||arm64/sunxi ||2||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/pine-a64-lts/|40]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable_untested|(untested)]]||
||pcDuino 3S ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||4|| - || - ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/pcduino3s-a20-single-board-computer-no-power-supply-or-hdmi-cable/|89]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable_untested|untested]]||
||Pine64 PINE A64-LTS ||1.2x4||arm64/sunxi ||2||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/pine-a64-lts/|40]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable_untested|untested]]||
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||Cubieboard2-Dual ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard2-Dual-mirco-SD-Card-version-Development-Board-p10421.html|58]]||needs [[https://github.com/armbian/build/issues/114|custom-configured build of mainline u-boot]]|| ||Cubieboard2-Dual ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard2-Dual-mirco-SD-Card-version-Development-Board-p10421.html|58]]||needs [[https://github.com/armbian/build/issues/114|custom-configured u-boot]]||

Cheap serverbox Hardware

Boxes matching or surpassing the (no longer produced) DreamPlug in price and core features:

  • is supported in Debian (see stable armhf and testing armhf release notes, ARM multiplatform kernel notes, and similar notes for other archs).

  • includes proper case (not simply top and bottom plates)
  • fanless (in normal rooms, also on very hot days)
  • Price incl. case below USD 160
  • min. ½GB ram (for 32bit operation - likely min. 1GB for 64bit)
  • min. 1GHz CPU (for ARMv5 CPUs - different for other CPUs)
  • uSD slot, easy accessible
  • ethernet (proper builtin or on daughterboard, not "toys" like USB-attached or ENC28J60)

Boxes known to use high quality components and wiring for essential parts.

NAS

  • Mainline kernel, covering all essential parts

  • SATA connection, efficiently wired

  • Gigabit ethernet, efficiently wired

Name

Speed

arch

RAM

disk

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet

OSHW

price

wiki

Banana Pro

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

55

stable

Cubieboard3/Cubietruck

1x2

armhf/sunxi

2

8

(./)

(./)

n

1000

{X}

95

stable

ESPRESSObin V7

1.2x2

arm64/armada

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

79

OLinuXino A20 LIME2

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

1000

(./)

56

stable

Cheap

  • Mainline kernel, covering all essential parts

  • 100 Megabit ethernet, efficiently wired

  • Price no higher than USD 50, incl. case.

Name

Speed

arch

RAM

disk

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet

OSHW

price

wiki

BeagleBone Green

1

armhf/omap

½

4

-

-

-

100

(./)

49

OLinuXino A10 LIME

1

armhf/sunxi

½

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

41

stable

OLinuXino A20 LIME

1x2

armhf/sunxi

½

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

43

stable

OLinuXino A64-1G

1.2x4

arm64/sunxi

1

-

(./)

-

-

1000

(./)

47

Adequate

Boxes less ideal - either more expensive or possibly using less than ideal components or wiring for essential parts.

Name

Speed

arch

RAM

disk

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet

OSHW

price

wiki

APU.2e0

1x4

amd64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x2

{X}

105

APU.2e2

1x4

amd64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

113

APU.2e4

1x4

amd64

4

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

125

APU.3c2

1x4

amd64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

115

APU.3c4

1x4

amd64

4

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

125

APU.4d2

1x4

amd64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

119

APU.4d4

1x4

amd64

4

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

130

BeagleBone Black C

1

armhf/omap

½

4

-

-

-

100

(./)

65

BeagleBone Enhanced 512

1

armhf/omap

½

4

-

-

n

1000

(./)

62

BeagleBone Enhanced 1G

1

armhf/omap

1

4

-

-

n

1000

(./)

79

Cubieboard1

1

armhf/sunxi

1

4

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

56

stable

Cubieboard2

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

4

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

64

stable

Cubieboard5/Cubietruck+

2x8

armhf/sunxi

2

8

(./)

( (./) )

n

1000

{X}

117

untested

CuBox i1

1

armhf/imx

½

8

-

-

-

1000

{X}

80

CuBox i2

1x2

armhf/imx

1

8

-

-

-

1000

{X}

90

CuBox i2eX

1x2

armhf/imx

1

8

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

100

CuBox i4Pro

1x4

armhf/imx

2

8

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

120

CuBoxTV 1GB

1x4

armhf/imx

1

-

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

100

CuBoxTV 2GB

1x4

armhf/imx

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

130

HummingBoard Edge Solo

1

armhf/imx

½

8

-

(./)

-

100

{X}

132

HummingBoard Edge Dual-lite

1x2

armhf/imx

1

8

-

(./)

-

100

{X}

156

HummingBoard Gate Solo

1

armhf/imx

½

8

-

-

-

100

{X}

117

HummingBoard Gate Dual-lite

1x2

armhf/imx

1

8

-

-

-

100

{X}

141

Intel NUC 7CJYH

2

amd64

+8

4

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

126

MIPS Creator CI20

1.2x2

mipsel

1

8

(./)

-

-

100

{X}

85

MiraBox

1

armhf/armada

1

1

-

(USB3)

n

1000x2

{X}

149

ODroid C1+

1.5x4

armhf/amlogic

1

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

40

ODroid C2

1.5x4→2x1

armhf/amlogic

2

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

51

OLinuXino A20 MICRO

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

69

untested

OLinuXino A642Ge8G-IND

1.2x4

arm64/sunxi

2

16

(./)

-

-

1000

(./)

84

pcDuino 3S

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

4

-

-

-

100

{X}

89

untested

Pine64 PINE A64-LTS

1.2x4

arm64/sunxi

2

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

40

untested

Pine64 ROCK64 1GB

1.5x4

arm64/rk

1

-

(./)

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

33

Pine64 ROCK64 2GB

1.5x4

arm64/rk

2

-

(./)

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

43

Pine64 ROCK64 4GB

1.5x4

arm64/rk

4

-

(./)

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

53

ROCK Pi 4 A 1GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

1

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

-

1000

{X}

44

ROCK Pi 4 B 1GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

1

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

n

1000

{X}

54

ROCK Pi 4 A 2GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

2

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

-

1000

{X}

54

ROCK Pi 4 B 2GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

2

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

n

1000

{X}

64

ROCK Pi 4 A 4GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

4

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

-

1000

{X}

70

ROCK Pi 4 B 4GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

4

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

n

1000

{X}

80

Sheeva64

1.2x2

arm64/armada

1

4

-

.

-

1000x2

{X}

89

Up Board A10-0116

1.9

amd64

1

16

-

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

107

Up Board A10-0232

1.9

amd64

2

32

-

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

127

Utilite Value

1

armhf/imx

½

4

-

-

-

1000

{X}

134

Wandboard Solo

1

armhf/imx

½

-

-

-

-

1000

{X}

98

Wandboard Dual

1x2

armhf/imx

1

-

-

-

n

1000

{X}

118

Wandboard Quad

1x4

armhf/imx

2

-

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

138

Legend:

  • + at RAM size indicates replaceable option.
  • ? at Debian arch indicates not yet fully supported.
  • b/g/n/ac at Wifi indicates newest supported protocol
  • + at Ethernet speed indicates switch ports
  • ( (./) ) at SATA indicates inferior USB bridge interface

  • (USB3) at SATA indicates no SATA but arguably usable SATA3 interface instead

  • → at Speed means "from to", i.e. "1.5x4→2x1" means that 1.5 GHz with 4 cores as well as 2 GHz with 1 core is possible — and potentially further steps inbetween.

TODO

Boxes working with mainline linux and mainline u-boot, but needing changes to Debian packages:

Name

Speed

arch

RAM

disk

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet

OSHW

price

notes

Cubieboard2-Dual

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

58

needs custom-configured u-boot

ITEAD Core EVB + AW2041

1

armhf/sunxi

1

4

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

82

needs u-boot

ITEAD Core EVB + AW2042

1x2

armhf/sunxi

2

4

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

97

needs u-boot

Pine64 SOPINE A64

1.2x4

arm64/sunxi

2

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

43

needs u-boot

Promising

Upcoming boxes looking promising, but not yet available for general sale:

Name

Speed

arch

RAM

disk

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet

OSHW

price

notes

Caninos Loucos Labrador

1.3x4

armhf/amlogic

2

16

-

-

n

100

{X}

possibly ~40)

Unsuitable

Raspberry Pi boards might become usable if alternative firmware works and gets packaged for Debian.

Devices too expensive not listed here (that'd be a looong list). Some such options are described at a mailinglist post.

Kernel

Wiring

Licensing

OSHW

A hardware equivalent of Debian Free Software Guidelines (DFSG) is OpenSource Hardware (OSHW).

Beware of similar looking labeling like "Open hardware". Might be just a typo, but is often used when e.g. publishing a PDF but not sources for board schematics.

Also beware of boards (correctly) labelled as OSHW, where System-on-Chip is on a non-OSHW daughter board.

Misc


CategoryHardware