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Revision 2 as of 2010-09-09 08:47:23
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Editor: XTaran
Comment: Norhtec MicroClients and derivatives are probably a good target, too, due to their very small formfactor
Revision 327 as of 2020-07-08 12:17:05
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Comment: add row for wiki notes on confirmed working boards
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== Target Hardware ==
 * Plug Computer 3.0
  * 2.0 Ghz ARMv5 CPU(Marvell Kirkwood 88F6281)
  * 512 MB Nand Flash
  * Integrated Marvell WiFi and Bluetooth, both work in accesspoint mode or client mode.
  * Replaceable 120 GB Internal 1.8 esata drive or 160 GB, 2.5 esata drive(depending on the Vendor). The 2.5 drive is most economical and replaceable without any additional tools.
  * Gigabit Ethernet and USB 2.0
## page was renamed from FreedomBox/TargetedHardware
## NB!
## Please keep list vertically aligned to ease maintenance
## - e.g. avoid adding links to board names in 1st row
Line 9: Line 6:
 * SheevaPlug/GuruPlug
  * 1.2 Ghz ARMv5 CPU(Marvell Kirkwood 88F6281)
  * 512 MB Nand Flash
  * Integrated Marvell WiFi and Bluetooth, both work in accesspoint mode or client mode.
  * Gigabit Ethernet and USB 2.0
  * Some hardware revisions of the Guruplug had heat issues.
  
 * NSLU2
  * Discontinued?
 * [[http://www.fon.com/en/|Fonera 2.0n]]
  * Slow and very limited memory (64MB)
 * [[InstallingDebianOn/FitPC|FitPC]]
<<TableOfContents>>
Line 22: Line 8:
 * [[http://www.pcengines.ch/alix|ALIX]] and [[http://soekris.com/|Soekris boards]]
 * [[http://www.norhtec.com/products/|MicroClient]] (VESA mounting format case) and [[http://www.phys.ethz.ch/~abe/MicroClientJr/|derivatives]] (German only page for now, sorry)
 * Generic i386/amd64 PCs or any general purpose computer should also be to run the Freedombox OS, but they are not the primary targets
= Cheap serverbox Hardware =

Boxes matching or surpassing the (no longer produced) !DreamPlug in price and core features:

 * is supported in Debian (see [[https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/armhf/ch02s01.en.html#armhf-armmp-supported-platforms|stable armhf]] and [[http://d-i.debian.org/manual/en.armhf/ch02s01.html#armhf-armmp-supported-platforms|testing armhf]] release notes, [[https://wiki.debian.org/DebianKernel/ARMMP|ARM multiplatform]] kernel notes, and similar notes for other archs).
 * includes proper case (not simply top and bottom plates)
 * fanless (in normal rooms, also on very hot days)
 * $160/ or cheaper
 * min. ½GB ram (for 32bit operation - likely min. 1GB for 64bit)
 * min. 1GHz CPU (for ARMv5 CPUs - different for other CPUs)
 * uSD slot, easy accessible
 * ethernet (proper builtin or on daughterboard, not "toys" like USB-attached or ENC28J60)

== Recommended ==

Boxes known to use high quality components and wiring for essential parts.

=== NAS ===

 * Mainline [[#Kernel|kernel]], covering all essential parts
 * SATA connection, efficiently [[#Wiring|wired]]
 * Gigabit ethernet, efficiently [[#Wiring|wired]]

||'''Name'''||'''Speed (GHz)'''||'''Debian arch'''||'''Ram (GB)'''||'''disk (GB)'''||'''battery'''||'''SATA'''||'''Wifi'''||'''Ethernet speed'''||'''[[#OSHW|OSHW]]'''||'''Price (USD) incl. case'''||'''wiki'''||
||Banana Pro ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| - || (./) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Banana-pro-devboard-p10522.html|55]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner|works]]||
||Cubieboard3/Cubietruck ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||2||8|| (./) || (./) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard-3-Cubietruck-Devboard-Base-kit-p10417.html|95]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner|works]]||
||ESPRESSObin V7 ||1.2x2||arm64 ||2||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000x3|| {X} ||[[https://www.globalscaletechnologies.com/p-79-v7-marvell-espressobin.aspx|79]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME2 ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||1000 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|56]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner|works]]||

=== Cheap ===

 * Mainline [[#Kernel|kernel]], covering all essential parts
 * 100 Megabit ethernet, efficiently [[#Wiring|wired]]
 * Price no higher than USD 50, incl. case.

||'''Name'''||'''Speed (GHz)'''||'''Debian arch'''||'''Ram (GB)'''||'''disk (GB)'''||'''battery'''||'''SATA'''||'''Wifi'''||'''Ethernet speed'''||'''[[#OSHW|OSHW]]'''||'''Price (USD) incl. case'''||'''wiki'''||
||!BeagleBone Green ||1 ||armhf/omap ||½||4|| - || - ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/Seeed-Studio-BeagleBoner-Green.html|49]]||
||OLinuXino A10 LIME ||1 ||armhf/sunxi ||½||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A10/|41]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner|works]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||½||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|43]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner|works]]||
||OLinuXino A64-1G ||1.2x4||arm64 ||1||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A64/A64-OLinuXino/|47]]||

== Adequate ==

Boxes less ideal - either more expensive or possibly using less than ideal components or wiring for essential parts.

||'''Name'''||'''Speed (GHz)'''||'''Debian arch'''||'''Ram (GB)'''||'''disk (GB)'''||'''battery'''||'''SATA'''||'''Wifi'''||'''Ethernet speed'''||'''[[#OSHW|OSHW]]'''||'''Price (USD) incl. case'''||'''wiki'''||
||APU.2e0 ||1x4||amd64 ||2||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000x2|| {X} ||[[https://www.pcengines.ch/newshop.php?c=4|105]]||
||APU.2e2 ||1x4||amd64 ||2||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000x3|| {X} ||[[https://www.pcengines.ch/newshop.php?c=4|113]]||
||APU.2e4 ||1x4||amd64 ||4||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000x3|| {X} ||[[https://www.pcengines.ch/newshop.php?c=4|125]]||
||APU.3c2 ||1x4||amd64 ||2||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000x3|| {X} ||[[https://www.pcengines.ch/newshop.php?c=4|115]]||
||APU.3c4 ||1x4||amd64 ||4||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000x3|| {X} ||[[https://www.pcengines.ch/newshop.php?c=4|125]]||
||APU.4d2 ||1x4||amd64 ||2||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000x3|| {X} ||[[https://www.pcengines.ch/newshop.php?c=4|119]]||
||APU.4d4 ||1x4||amd64 ||4||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000x3|| {X} ||[[https://www.pcengines.ch/newshop.php?c=4|130]]||
||!BeagleBone Black C ||1 ||armhf/omap ||½||4|| - || - ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.adafruit.com/product/1996|65]]||
||!BeagleBone Enhanced 512||1 ||armhf/omap ||½||4|| - || - ||n ||1000 || (./) ||[[https://www.sancloud.co.uk/store/buy-beaglebone-enhanced-wifi-512|62]]||
||!BeagleBone Enhanced 1G ||1 ||armhf/omap ||1||4|| - || - ||n ||1000 || (./) ||[[https://www.sancloud.co.uk/store/buy-beaglebone-enhanced-wifi-1g-onboard-antenna|79]]||
||Cubieboard1 ||1 ||armhf/sunxi ||1||4|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard1-A10-Cortex-A8-Mini-PC-Development-Board-p10437.html|56]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner|works]]||
||Cubieboard2 ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||4|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard2-Dual-core-A20-Mini-PC-Devboard-base-kit-p10418.html|64]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner|works]]||
||Cubieboard2-Dual ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard2-Dual-mirco-SD-Card-version-Development-Board-p10421.html|58]]||
||Cubieboard5/Cubietruck+ ||2x8||armhf/sunxi ||2||8|| (./) ||( (./) ) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard-5-CubieTruck-plus-Devboard-p10560.html|117]]||
||!CuBox i1 ||1 ||armhf/freescale ||½||8|| - || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6SOW00D512E008X00CE/|80]]||
||!CuBox i2 ||1x2||armhf/freescale ||1||8|| - || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6DLW00D01GE008X00CE/|90]]||
||!CuBox i2eX ||1x2||armhf/freescale ||1||8|| - || (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6DUW00D01GE008X00CE/|100]]||
||!CuBox i4Pro ||1x4||armhf/freescale ||2||8|| - || (./) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6QDWT1D02GE008X00CE/|120]]||
||CuBoxTV 1GB ||1x4||armhf/freescale ||1||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://cuboxtv.com/product/cuboxtv/|100]]||
||CuBoxTV 2GB ||1x4||armhf/freescale ||2||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://cuboxtv.com/product/cuboxtv-2gb/|130]]||
||!HummingBoard Edge Solo ||1 ||armhf/freescale ||½||8|| - || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6SOW00D512E008E00CE/|132]]||
||!HummingBoard Edge Dual-lite ||1x2||armhf/freescale ||1||8|| - || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6DLW00D01GE008E00CE/|156]]||
||!HummingBoard Gate Solo ||1 ||armhf/freescale ||½||8|| - || - ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6SOW00D512E008G00CE/|117]]||
||!HummingBoard Gate Dual-lite ||1x2||armhf/freescale ||1||8|| - || - ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6DLW00D01GE008G00CE/|141]]||
||Intel NUC 7CJYH ||2 ||amd64 ||+8||4|| - || (./) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.walmart.com/ip/Intel-NUC-NUC7CJYH-Desktop-Computer-Celeron-J4005-2-GHz-DDR4-SDRAM-Mini-PC-UHD-Graphics-600-Wireless-LAN-Bluetooth-HDMI-6-x-Total-USB-Port-s/294899388|126]]||
||ITEAD Core EVB + AW2041 ||1 ||armhf/sunxi ||1||4|| - || (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.itead.cc/itead-core-evb.html|82]]||
||ITEAD Core EVB + AW2042 ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||2||4|| - || (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.itead.cc/itead-core-evb.html|97]]||
||MIPS Creator CI20 ||1.2x2||mipsel ||1||8|| (./) || - ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://www2.mouser.com/ProductDetail/Imagination-Technologies/VL-62851?qs=%2fha2pyFadugeA7Fn04WdAyCOIFQ43kKenYk44q%252bgJUY%3d|85]]||
||!MiraBox ||1 ||armhf/armada ||1||1|| - || (USB3) ||n ||1000x2|| {X} ||[[http://www.globalscaletechnologies.com/p-58-mirabox-development-kit.aspx|149]]||
||ODroid C1+ ||1.5x4||armhf/amlogic ||1||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.hardkernel.com/shop/odroid-c1/|40]]||
||ODroid C2 ||1.5x4→2x1||armhf/amlogic ||2||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.hardkernel.com/shop/odroid-c2/|51]]||
||OLinuXino A20 MICRO ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|69]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner|(maybe)]]||
||OLinuXino A642Ge8G-IND ||1.2x4||arm64 ||2||16|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A64/A64-OLinuXino/|84]]||
||pcDuino 3S ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||4|| - || - ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/pcduino3s-a20-single-board-computer-no-power-supply-or-hdmi-cable/|89]]||
||Pine64 PINE A64-LTS ||1.2x4||arm64/sunxi ||2||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/pine-a64-lts/|40]]||
||Pine64 SOPINE A64 ||1.2x4||arm64/sunxi ||2||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/sopine-a64-baseboard-combo/|43]]||
||Pine64 ROCK64 1GB ||1.5x4||arm64/rockchip ||1||-|| (./) || (USB3) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/rock64-media-board-computer/|33]]||
||Pine64 ROCK64 2GB ||1.5x4||arm64/rockchip ||2||-|| (./) || (USB3) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/rock64-media-board-computer/|43]]||
||Pine64 ROCK64 4GB ||1.5x4||arm64/rockchip ||4||-|| (./) || (USB3) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/rock64-media-board-computer/|53]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 A 1GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64 ||1||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-A-1GB-p-4149.html|44]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 B 1GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64 ||1||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-B-1GB-p-4148.html|54]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 A 2GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64 ||2||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-A-2GB-p-4151.html|54]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 B 2GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64 ||2||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-B-2GB-p-4139.html|64]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 A 4GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64 ||4||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-A-4GB-p-4136.html|70]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 B 4GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64 ||4||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-B-4GB-p-4137.html|80]]||
||Sheeva64 ||1.2x2||arm64 ||1||4|| - || . ||- ||1000x2|| {X} ||[[https://www.globalscaletechnologies.com/p-86-sheeva64.aspx|89]]||
||Up Board A10-0116 ||1.9||amd64 ||1||16|| - || (USB3) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://up-shop.org/up-boards/272-up-board.html|107]]||
||Up Board A10-0232 ||1.9||amd64 ||2||32|| - || (USB3) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://up-shop.org/up-boards/272-up-board.html|127]]||
||Utilite Value ||1 ||armhf/freescale ||½||4|| - || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://utilite-computer.com/web/order-utilite-direct|134]]||
||Wandboard Solo ||1 ||armhf/freescale ||½||-|| - || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.technexion.com/wb-imx6s-bw.html|98]]||
||Wandboard Dual ||1x2||armhf/freescale ||1||-|| - || - ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.technexion.com/wb-imx6u-bw.html|118]]||
||Wandboard Quad ||1x4||armhf/freescale ||2||-|| - || (./) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.technexion.com/wb-imx6q-bw.html|138]]||

Legend:
 . + at RAM size indicates replaceable option.
 . ? at Debian arch indicates not yet fully supported.
 . b/g/n/ac at Wifi indicates newest supported protocol
 . + at Ethernet speed indicates switch ports
 . ( (./) ) at SATA indicates inferior USB bridge interface
 . (USB3) at SATA indicates ''no'' SATA but arguably usable SATA3 interface instead
 . → at Speed means "from to", i.e. "1.5x4→2x1" means that 1.5 GHz with 4 cores as well as 2 GHz with 1 core is possible — and potentially further steps inbetween.

== Promising ==

Upcoming boxes looking promising, but not yet available for general sale:

||''Name''||''Speed''||''Arch''||''Ram''||''disk''||''battery''||''SATA''||''Wifi''||''Wired''||''OSHW''||''Price''||'''wiki'''||
||Caninos Loucos Labrador ||1.3x4||armhf/amlogic ||2||16|| - || - ||n ||100 || {X} ||[[https://caninosloucos.org/en/|possibly ~40)]]||
||!WhitePlug ||1.2x2 ||arm64 ||1||16|| - || - ||n ||1000x2 || {X} ||[[https://www.jspnet.co.jp/product/whiteplug/specs.html|??]]||

== Unsuitable ==

  * RaspberryPi: [[https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Single_Board_Computers#Single-board_computers_with_fatal_flaws|requires nonfree software to start up]]
  * RaspberryPi2: [[https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Single_Board_Computers#Single-board_computers_with_fatal_flaws|requires nonfree software to start up]]
  * RaspberryPi3: [[https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Single_Board_Computers#Single-board_computers_with_fatal_flaws|requires nonfree software to start up]]
  * Banana Pi Router: Sold only as board, not with case (and likely too expensive with case added).
  * Cubieboard4: not yet supported A80 SoC.
  * Cubieboard6: Sold only as board, not with case.
  * [[http://rhombus-tech.net/|EOMA68]]: No ethernet.
  * Exynos SoC boards: [[https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Single_Board_Computers#Single-board_computers_with_fatal_flaws|requires nonfree software to boot]]

Raspberry Pi boards might become usable
if [[http://crna.cc/b/11|alternative]] [[https://github.com/christinaa/rpi-open-firmware/issues/37#issuecomment-388551489|firmware]] works
and gets packaged for Debian.

Devices too expensive not listed here (that'd be a looong list).
Some such options are described at [[https://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2017/09/msg00202.html|a mailinglist post]].

== Related resources ==

=== Kernel ===

 * [[http://linux-sunxi.org/Linux_mainlining_effort#Status_Matrix|sunxi]]

=== Wiring ===

 * [[http://linux-sunxi.org/Sunxi_devices_as_NAS#Requirements_.2F_which_device_to_choose|sunxi]]

=== Licensing ===

==== OSHW ====

A hardware equivalent of Debian Free Software Guidelines (DFSG) is [[OpenSourceHardware|OpenSource Hardware]] (OSHW).

Beware of similar looking labeling like "Open hardware".
Might be just a typo, but is often used when e.g. publishing a PDF but not sources for board schematics.

Also beware of boards (correctly) labelled as OSHW,
where System-on-Chip is on a non-OSHW daughter board.

=== Misc ===

  * [[https://www.board-db.org/|SBC database]]
  * [[https://www.fsf.org/resources/hw/single-board-computers|FSF article about SBCs]]
  * [[https://forum.armbian.com/index.php/topic/1925-some-storage-benchmarks-on-sbcs/#entry15318|brief comparison of ARM boards for NAS use]]
  * https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Freest
  * https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Single_Board_Computers
  * http://rhombus-tech.net/evaluated_cpus/
  * [[https://marcin.juszkiewicz.com.pl/2016/07/25/aarch64-desktop-hardware/|discussion mid-2016 on the state of decent consumer-grade 64-bt ARM boards]]

----
CategoryHardware

Cheap serverbox Hardware

Boxes matching or surpassing the (no longer produced) DreamPlug in price and core features:

  • is supported in Debian (see stable armhf and testing armhf release notes, ARM multiplatform kernel notes, and similar notes for other archs).

  • includes proper case (not simply top and bottom plates)
  • fanless (in normal rooms, also on very hot days)
  • $160/ or cheaper
  • min. ½GB ram (for 32bit operation - likely min. 1GB for 64bit)
  • min. 1GHz CPU (for ARMv5 CPUs - different for other CPUs)
  • uSD slot, easy accessible
  • ethernet (proper builtin or on daughterboard, not "toys" like USB-attached or ENC28J60)

Boxes known to use high quality components and wiring for essential parts.

NAS

  • Mainline kernel, covering all essential parts

  • SATA connection, efficiently wired

  • Gigabit ethernet, efficiently wired

Name

Speed (GHz)

Debian arch

Ram (GB)

disk (GB)

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet speed

OSHW

Price (USD) incl. case

wiki

Banana Pro

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

55

works

Cubieboard3/Cubietruck

1x2

armhf/sunxi

2

8

(./)

(./)

n

1000

{X}

95

works

ESPRESSObin V7

1.2x2

arm64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

79

OLinuXino A20 LIME2

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

1000

(./)

56

works

Cheap

  • Mainline kernel, covering all essential parts

  • 100 Megabit ethernet, efficiently wired

  • Price no higher than USD 50, incl. case.

Name

Speed (GHz)

Debian arch

Ram (GB)

disk (GB)

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet speed

OSHW

Price (USD) incl. case

wiki

BeagleBone Green

1

armhf/omap

½

4

-

-

-

100

(./)

49

OLinuXino A10 LIME

1

armhf/sunxi

½

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

41

works

OLinuXino A20 LIME

1x2

armhf/sunxi

½

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

43

works

OLinuXino A64-1G

1.2x4

arm64

1

-

(./)

-

-

1000

(./)

47

Adequate

Boxes less ideal - either more expensive or possibly using less than ideal components or wiring for essential parts.

Name

Speed (GHz)

Debian arch

Ram (GB)

disk (GB)

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet speed

OSHW

Price (USD) incl. case

wiki

APU.2e0

1x4

amd64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x2

{X}

105

APU.2e2

1x4

amd64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

113

APU.2e4

1x4

amd64

4

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

125

APU.3c2

1x4

amd64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

115

APU.3c4

1x4

amd64

4

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

125

APU.4d2

1x4

amd64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

119

APU.4d4

1x4

amd64

4

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

130

BeagleBone Black C

1

armhf/omap

½

4

-

-

-

100

(./)

65

BeagleBone Enhanced 512

1

armhf/omap

½

4

-

-

n

1000

(./)

62

BeagleBone Enhanced 1G

1

armhf/omap

1

4

-

-

n

1000

(./)

79

Cubieboard1

1

armhf/sunxi

1

4

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

56

works

Cubieboard2

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

4

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

64

works

Cubieboard2-Dual

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

58

Cubieboard5/Cubietruck+

2x8

armhf/sunxi

2

8

(./)

( (./) )

n

1000

{X}

117

CuBox i1

1

armhf/freescale

½

8

-

-

-

1000

{X}

80

CuBox i2

1x2

armhf/freescale

1

8

-

-

-

1000

{X}

90

CuBox i2eX

1x2

armhf/freescale

1

8

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

100

CuBox i4Pro

1x4

armhf/freescale

2

8

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

120

CuBoxTV 1GB

1x4

armhf/freescale

1

-

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

100

CuBoxTV 2GB

1x4

armhf/freescale

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

130

HummingBoard Edge Solo

1

armhf/freescale

½

8

-

(./)

-

100

{X}

132

HummingBoard Edge Dual-lite

1x2

armhf/freescale

1

8

-

(./)

-

100

{X}

156

HummingBoard Gate Solo

1

armhf/freescale

½

8

-

-

-

100

{X}

117

HummingBoard Gate Dual-lite

1x2

armhf/freescale

1

8

-

-

-

100

{X}

141

Intel NUC 7CJYH

2

amd64

+8

4

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

126

ITEAD Core EVB + AW2041

1

armhf/sunxi

1

4

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

82

ITEAD Core EVB + AW2042

1x2

armhf/sunxi

2

4

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

97

MIPS Creator CI20

1.2x2

mipsel

1

8

(./)

-

-

100

{X}

85

MiraBox

1

armhf/armada

1

1

-

(USB3)

n

1000x2

{X}

149

ODroid C1+

1.5x4

armhf/amlogic

1

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

40

ODroid C2

1.5x4→2x1

armhf/amlogic

2

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

51

OLinuXino A20 MICRO

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

69

(maybe)

OLinuXino A642Ge8G-IND

1.2x4

arm64

2

16

(./)

-

-

1000

(./)

84

pcDuino 3S

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

4

-

-

-

100

{X}

89

Pine64 PINE A64-LTS

1.2x4

arm64/sunxi

2

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

40

Pine64 SOPINE A64

1.2x4

arm64/sunxi

2

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

43

Pine64 ROCK64 1GB

1.5x4

arm64/rockchip

1

-

(./)

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

33

Pine64 ROCK64 2GB

1.5x4

arm64/rockchip

2

-

(./)

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

43

Pine64 ROCK64 4GB

1.5x4

arm64/rockchip

4

-

(./)

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

53

ROCK Pi 4 A 1GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64

1

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

-

1000

{X}

44

ROCK Pi 4 B 1GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64

1

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

n

1000

{X}

54

ROCK Pi 4 A 2GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64

2

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

-

1000

{X}

54

ROCK Pi 4 B 2GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64

2

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

n

1000

{X}

64

ROCK Pi 4 A 4GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64

4

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

-

1000

{X}

70

ROCK Pi 4 B 4GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64

4

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

n

1000

{X}

80

Sheeva64

1.2x2

arm64

1

4

-

.

-

1000x2

{X}

89

Up Board A10-0116

1.9

amd64

1

16

-

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

107

Up Board A10-0232

1.9

amd64

2

32

-

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

127

Utilite Value

1

armhf/freescale

½

4

-

-

-

1000

{X}

134

Wandboard Solo

1

armhf/freescale

½

-

-

-

-

1000

{X}

98

Wandboard Dual

1x2

armhf/freescale

1

-

-

-

n

1000

{X}

118

Wandboard Quad

1x4

armhf/freescale

2

-

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

138

Legend:

  • + at RAM size indicates replaceable option.
  • ? at Debian arch indicates not yet fully supported.
  • b/g/n/ac at Wifi indicates newest supported protocol
  • + at Ethernet speed indicates switch ports
  • ( (./) ) at SATA indicates inferior USB bridge interface

  • (USB3) at SATA indicates no SATA but arguably usable SATA3 interface instead

  • → at Speed means "from to", i.e. "1.5x4→2x1" means that 1.5 GHz with 4 cores as well as 2 GHz with 1 core is possible — and potentially further steps inbetween.

Promising

Upcoming boxes looking promising, but not yet available for general sale:

Name

Speed

Arch

Ram

disk

battery

SATA

Wifi

Wired

OSHW

Price

wiki

Caninos Loucos Labrador

1.3x4

armhf/amlogic

2

16

-

-

n

100

{X}

possibly ~40)

WhitePlug

1.2x2

arm64

1

16

-

-

n

1000x2

{X}

??

Unsuitable

Raspberry Pi boards might become usable if alternative firmware works and gets packaged for Debian.

Devices too expensive not listed here (that'd be a looong list). Some such options are described at a mailinglist post.

Kernel

Wiring

Licensing

OSHW

A hardware equivalent of Debian Free Software Guidelines (DFSG) is OpenSource Hardware (OSHW).

Beware of similar looking labeling like "Open hardware". Might be just a typo, but is often used when e.g. publishing a PDF but not sources for board schematics.

Also beware of boards (correctly) labelled as OSHW, where System-on-Chip is on a non-OSHW daughter board.

Misc


CategoryHardware