Differences between revisions 160 and 359 (spanning 199 versions)
Revision 160 as of 2015-01-09 22:19:40
Size: 11687
Comment: Update Banana Pi boards.
Revision 359 as of 2022-05-22 11:22:49
Size: 16529
Comment: update price of APU.2e0; drop other APU boards now gone or too expensive
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
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= Target Hardware = = Cheap serverbox Hardware =
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Boxes matching or surpassing the !DreamPlug in price and core features (see also [[FreedomBox/HardwareRequirements|hardware requirements]]): Boxes matching or surpassing the (no longer produced) !DreamPlug in price and core features:
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 * is supported in Debian (see [[https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/armhf/ch02s01.en.html#armhf-armmp-supported-platforms|stable armhf]] and [[http://d-i.debian.org/manual/en.armhf/ch02s01.html#armhf-armmp-supported-platforms|testing armhf]] release notes, [[https://wiki.debian.org/DebianKernel/ARMMP|ARM multiplatform]] kernel notes, and similar notes for other archs).
 * includes proper case (not simply top and bottom plates)
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 * $160/€120 or cheaper  * Price incl. case below USD 160
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||'''Name'''||'''Speed (GHz)'''||'''Debian arch'''||'''Ram (GB)'''||'''disk (GB)'''||'''USB (rev.)'''||'''SATA'''||'''Wifi'''||'''Ethernet speed'''||'''incl. case'''||'''[[OpenSourceHardware|OSHW]]'''||'''Price (USD)'''||
||APU.1D ||1x2||amd64 ||2||-||2|| (./) ||- ||1000x3|| {OK} || {X} ||[[http://www.pcengines.ch/order1.php|127]]||
||APU.1D4 ||1x2||amd64 ||4||-||2|| (./) ||- ||1000x3|| {OK} || {X} ||[[http://www.pcengines.ch/order1.php|150]]||
||Banana Pi Bpi001 ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.newegg.com/Product/ProductList.aspx?Submit=ENE&N=1065546866&IsNodeId=1|60]]||
||Banana Pi Bpi-R1 ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||bgn||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.newegg.com/Product/ProductList.aspx?Submit=ENE&N=1065546866&IsNodeId=1|75]]||
||!BeagleBone Black rev.C ||1 ||armhf ||½||4||2|| - ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[http://dk.mouser.com/access/?pn=595-BB-BBLK-000|50]]||
||Cubieboard ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[http://store.r0ck.me/products/cubieboard-1gb|49]]||
||Cubieboard2 ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[http://store.r0ck.me/products/cubieboard2|59]]||
||Cubietruck ||1x2||armhf ||2||8||2|| (./) ||bgn||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[http://store.r0ck.me/collections/home-slide/products/cubietruck-2gb-ram-8gb-flash-with-wifi-bt|89]]||
||!CuBox i2 ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| - ||- ||100 || (./) || {X} ||[[https://www.solid-run.com/products/cubox-i-mini-computer/|100]]||
||!CuBox i2 eX ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || (./) || {X} ||[[https://www.solid-run.com/products/cubox-i-mini-computer/|120]]||
||!CuBox i4Pro ||1x4||armhf ||2||-||2|| (./) ||bgn||1000 || (./) || {X} ||[[https://www.solid-run.com/products/cubox-i-mini-computer/|150]]||
||!CuBoxTV ||1x4||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || (./) || {X} ||[[https://www.solid-run.com/product/cuboxtv/|120]]||
||!DevKit8600 ||0.72||armhf ||½||½||2|| - ||bg?||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.embest-tech.com/product/evaluation-boards/devkit8600-evaluation-board.html|139]]||
||'''!DreamPlug''' ||1.2||armel ||½||2||2|| (./) ||bg ||1000x2|| (./) || {X} ||[[http://www.globalscaletechnologies.com/p-54-dreamplug-devkit.aspx|159]]||
||Hackberry ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| - ||bgn||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://www.miniand.com/products/Hackberry%20A10%20Developer%20Board|65]]||
||!HummingBoard i1 ||1 ||armhf ||½||-||2|| - ||- ||100 || (X) || {X} ||[[https://www.solid-run.com/products/hummingboard/|70]]||
||!HummingBoard i2 ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| - ||- ||100 || (X) || {X} ||[[https://www.solid-run.com/products/hummingboard/|80]]||
||!HummingBoard i2eX ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || (X) || {X} ||[[https://www.solid-run.com/products/hummingboard/|110]]||
||Improv ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.vaultechnology.com/store/improv|75]]||
||Intel DE3815TYKHE ||1.4||amd64||+8||4||3|| (./) ||bgn||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[www.tigerdirect.com/applications/SearchTools/item-details.asp?EdpNo=8990162|145]]||
||Iteaduino Plus A10 ||1 ||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://imall.iteadstudio.com/iteaduino-plus-a10.html|57]]||
||Iteaduino Plus A20 ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://imall.iteadstudio.com/iteaduino-plus-a20.html|67]]||
||MarS Board ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| - ||- ||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.embest-tech.com/shop/product/mars-board.html|99]]||
||!MarsBoard A10 Dev ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.hotmcu.com/marsboard-a10-dev-board-p-59.html|45]]||
||!MarsBoard A20 Dev ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.hotmcu.com/marsboard-a20-dev-board-p-60.html|54]]||
||!MinnowBoard MAX Single ||1.4||amd64 ||1||-||3|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[https://www.technodisti.com/online-store/boards/minnowboard-max-single-core-detail.html|99]]||
||!MinnowBoard MAX Dual ||1.3x2||amd64 ||2||-||3|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://ex-en.alliedelec.com/search/productdetail.aspx?SKU=70413112|146]]||
||!MiraBox ||1 ||armhf ||1||1||3|| - ||bgn||1000x2|| (./) || {X} ||[[http://www.globalscaletechnologies.com/p-58-mirabox-development-kit.aspx|149]]||
||NanoPC-T1 ||1.5x4||armhf ||1||8||2|| - ||- ||100 || (./) || {X} ||[[http://nanopc.org/NanoPC-T1_Feature.html|78]]||
||Nitrogen6_Lite ||1 ||armhf ||½||-||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://boundarydevices.com/products/nitrogen6_lite/|149]]||
||ODroid C3 ||1.5x4||armhf ||2||-||2|| - ||- ||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[http://hardkernel.com/main/products/prdt_info.php|35]]||
||ODroid U3 ||1.7x4||armhf ||2||-||2|| - ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[http://hardkernel.com/main/products/prdt_info.php|65]]||
||ODroid XU3 Lite ||1.8x4+1.3x4||armhf ||2||-||3|| - ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[http://hardkernel.com/main/products/prdt_info.php|99]]||
||OLinuXino A10 LIME ||1 ||armhf ||½||-||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A10/|41]]||
||OLinuXino A10 LIME 4GB ||1 ||armhf ||½||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A10/|54]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME ||1x2||armhf ||½||-||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|45]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME 4GB ||1x2||armhf ||½||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|58]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME2 ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|56]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME2 4GB ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|68]]||
||OLinuXino A20 MICRO ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|75]]||
||OLinuXino A20 MICRO 4GB ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|88]]||
||Parallella-16 Desktop ||0.8x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| - ||- ||1000 || {X} || (./) ||[[http://shop.adapteva.com/collections/featured-products/products/parallella-16-desktop-computer|149]]||
||pcDuino Lite ||1 ||armhf ||½||-||2|| - ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/main-board/|39]]||
||pcDuino V2 ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| - ||bgn||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/main-board/|50]]||
||pcDuino3 ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||bgn||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/main-board/|60]]||
||pcDuino3 Nano ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/main-board/|40]]||
||pcDuino3S ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| - ||bgn||100 || (./) || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/main-board/|89]]||
||Radxa Rock Lite ||1.6x4||armhf ||1||-||2|| - ||bgn||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[http://www.effiall.com/Radxa_Rock_p/rrl.htm|79]]||
||Radxa Rock Pro ||1.6x4||armhf ||2||8||2|| - ||bgn||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[http://www.effiall.com/Radxa_Rock_p/rrl.htm|99]]||
||!RiotTboard ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| - ||- ||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.embest-tech.com/product/evaluation-boards/riotboard-development-platform.html|79]]||
||SBC8600B ||0.72||armhf ||½||½||2|| - ||- ||1000x2|| {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.embest-tech.com/product/single-board-computer/sbc8600b-single-board-computer.html|169]]||
||Sheeva Plug ||1 ||armel ||½||½||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || (./) || {X} ||[[http://www.globalscaletechnologies.com/p-46-sheevaplug-dev-kit.aspx|99]]||
||UDOO Dual ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| - ||bgn||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://shop.udoo.org/other/|115]]||
||UDOO Quad ||1x4||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||bgn||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://shop.udoo.org/other/|135]]||
||Utilite Value ||1 ||armhf ||½||4||2|| - ||- ||1000 || (./) || {X} ||[[http://utilite-computer.com/web/order-utilite-direct|99]]||
||Utilite Standard ||1x2||armhf ||1||8||2|| - ||bgn||1000x2|| (./) || {X} ||[[http://utilite-computer.com/web/order-utilite-direct|159]]||
||Wandboard Solo ||1 ||armhf ||½||-||2|| - ||- ||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://www.texim-europe.com/wandboard_order.aspx|79]]||
||Wandboard Dual ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| - ||bgn||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://www.texim-europe.com/wandboard_order.aspx|101]]||
||Wandboard Quad ||1x4||armhf ||2||-||2|| (./) ||bgn||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://www.texim-europe.com/wandboard_order.aspx|136]]||
== Recommended ==

Boxes known to use high quality components and wiring for essential parts.

=== NAS ===

 * Mainline [[#Kernel|kernel]], covering all essential parts
 * SATA connection, efficiently [[#Wiring|wired]]
 * Gigabit ethernet, efficiently [[#Wiring|wired]]

||'''Name'''||'''Speed'''||'''arch'''||'''RAM'''||'''disk'''||'''battery'''||'''SATA'''||'''Wifi'''||'''Ethernet'''||'''[[#OSHW|OSHW]]'''||'''price'''||'''stability'''||
||Banana Pro ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| - || (./) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Banana-pro-devboard-p10522.html|55]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable|stable]]||
||Cubieboard3/Cubietruck ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||2||8|| (./) || (./) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard-3-Cubietruck-Devboard-Base-kit-p10417.html|86]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable|stable]]||
||ESPRESSObin V7 ||1.2x2||arm64/armada ||2||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000x3|| {X} ||[[https://globalscaletechnologies.com/product/espressobin/|79]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME2 ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||1000 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|51]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable|stable]]||

=== Cheap ===

 * Mainline [[#Kernel|kernel]], covering all essential parts
 * 100 Megabit ethernet, efficiently [[#Wiring|wired]]
 * Price incl. case below USD 50

||'''Name'''||'''Speed'''||'''arch'''||'''RAM'''||'''disk'''||'''battery'''||'''SATA'''||'''Wifi'''||'''Ethernet'''||'''[[#OSHW|OSHW]]'''||'''price'''||'''stability'''||
||!BeagleBone Green ||1 ||armhf/omap ||½||4|| - || - ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/Seeed-Studio-BeagleBone-Green.html|54]]||
||OLinuXino A10 LIME ||1 ||armhf/sunxi ||½||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A10/|36]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable|stable]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||½||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|44]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable|stable]]||
||OLinuXino A64-1G ||1.2x4||arm64/sunxi ||1||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A64/A64-OLinuXino/|47]]||

== Adequate ==

Boxes less ideal - either more expensive or possibly using less than ideal components or wiring for essential parts.

||'''Name'''||'''Speed'''||'''arch'''||'''RAM'''||'''disk'''||'''battery'''||'''SATA'''||'''Wifi'''||'''Ethernet'''||'''[[#OSHW|OSHW]]'''||'''price'''||'''stability'''||
||APU.2e0 ||1x4||amd64 ||2||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000x2|| {X} ||[[https://www.pcengines.ch/newshop.php?c=4|131]]||
||!BeagleBone Black C ||1 ||armhf/omap ||½||4|| - || - ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.adafruit.com/product/1996|65]]||
||!BeagleBone Enhanced 512||1 ||armhf/omap ||½||4|| - || - ||n ||1000 || (./) ||[[https://www.sancloud.co.uk/store/buy-beaglebone-enhanced-wifi-512|62]]||
||!BeagleBone Enhanced 1G ||1 ||armhf/omap ||1||4|| - || - ||n ||1000 || (./) ||[[https://www.sancloud.co.uk/store/buy-beaglebone-enhanced-wifi-1g-onboard-antenna|79]]||
||Cubieboard1 ||1 ||armhf/sunxi ||1||4|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard1-A10-Cortex-A8-Mini-PC-Development-Board-p10437.html|56]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable|stable]]||
||Cubieboard2 ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||4|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard2-Dual-core-A20-Mini-PC-Devboard-base-kit-p10418.html|64]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable|stable]]||
||Cubieboard5/Cubietruck+ ||2x8||armhf/sunxi ||2||8|| (./) ||( (./) ) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard-5-CubieTruck-plus-Devboard-p10560.html|117]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable_untested|untested]]||
||!CuBox i1 ||1 ||armhf/imx ||½||8|| - || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6SOW00D512E008X00CE/|80]]||
||!CuBox i2 ||1x2||armhf/imx ||1||8|| - || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6DLW00D01GE008X00CE/|90]]||
||!CuBox i2eX ||1x2||armhf/imx ||1||8|| - || (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6DUW00D01GE008X00CE/|100]]||
||!CuBox i4Pro ||1x4||armhf/imx ||2||8|| - || (./) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6QDWT1D02GE008X00CE/|120]]||
||CuBoxTV 1GB ||1x4||armhf/imx ||1||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://cuboxtv.com/product/cuboxtv/|100]]||
||CuBoxTV 2GB ||1x4||armhf/imx ||2||-|| - || (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://cuboxtv.com/product/cuboxtv-2gb/|130]]||
||!HummingBoard Edge Solo ||1 ||armhf/imx ||½||8|| - || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6SOW00D512E008E00CE/|132]]||
||!HummingBoard Edge Dual-lite ||1x2||armhf/imx ||1||8|| - || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6DLW00D01GE008E00CE/|156]]||
||!HummingBoard Gate Solo ||1 ||armhf/imx ||½||8|| - || - ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6SOW00D512E008G00CE/|117]]||
||!HummingBoard Gate Dual-lite ||1x2||armhf/imx ||1||8|| - || - ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://shop.solid-run.com/product/SRMX6DLW00D01GE008G00CE/|141]]||
||Intel NUC 7CJYH ||2 ||amd64 ||+8||4|| - || (./) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.walmart.com/ip/Intel-NUC-NUC7CJYH-Desktop-Computer-Celeron-J4005-2-GHz-DDR4-SDRAM-Mini-PC-UHD-Graphics-600-Wireless-LAN-Bluetooth-HDMI-6-x-Total-USB-Port-s/294899388|126]]||
||!MiraBox ||1 ||armhf/armada ||1||1|| - || (USB3) ||n ||1000x2|| {X} ||[[http://www.globalscaletechnologies.com/p-58-mirabox-development-kit.aspx|149]]||
||ODroid C1+ ||1.5x4||armhf/amlogic ||1||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.hardkernel.com/shop/odroid-c1/|40]]||
||ODroid C2 ||1.5x4→2x1||armhf/amlogic ||2||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.hardkernel.com/shop/odroid-c2/|51]]||
||OLinuXino A20 MICRO ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|56]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable|stable]]||
||OLinuXino A642Ge8G-IND ||1.2x4||arm64/sunxi ||2||16|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A64/A64-OLinuXino/|83]]||
||pcDuino 3S ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||4|| - || - ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/pcduino3s-a20-single-board-computer-no-power-supply-or-hdmi-cable/|89]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable_untested|untested]]||
||Pine64 PINE A64-LTS ||1.2x4||arm64/sunxi ||2||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/pine-a64-lts/|40]]||[[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Stable_untested|untested]]||
||Pine64 ROCK64 1GB ||1.5x4||arm64/rk ||1||-|| (./) || (USB3) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/rock64-media-board-computer/|33]]||
||Pine64 ROCK64 2GB ||1.5x4||arm64/rk ||2||-|| (./) || (USB3) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/rock64-media-board-computer/|43]]||
||Pine64 ROCK64 4GB ||1.5x4||arm64/rk ||4||-|| (./) || (USB3) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/rock64-media-board-computer/|53]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 A 1GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64/rk ||1||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-A-1GB-p-4149.html|44]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 B 1GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64/rk ||1||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-B-1GB-p-4148.html|54]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 A 2GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64/rk ||2||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-A-2GB-p-4151.html|54]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 B 2GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64/rk ||2||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-B-2GB-p-4139.html|64]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 A 4GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64/rk ||4||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-A-4GB-p-4136.html|70]]||
||ROCK Pi 4 B 4GB ||1.8x2+1.4x2||arm64/rk ||4||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/ROCK-Pi-4-Model-B-4GB-p-4137.html|80]]||
||Rock960 4GB ||1.8x2+1.4x4||arm64/rk ||4||32|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||ac||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.seeedstudio.com/Rock960-Board-Based-on-the-RK3399-SoC-4GB-RAM-Version-p-3125.html|139]]||unstable-untested||
||Rock960c 1GB ||1.8x2+1.4x4||arm64/rk ||1||-|| - ||(M.2+USB3)||ac||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.vamrs.com/collections/new/products/rock960-model-c|69]]||
||Sheeva64 ||1.2x2||arm64/armada ||1||4|| - || . ||- ||1000x2|| {X} ||[[https://www.globalscaletechnologies.com/p-86-sheeva64.aspx|89]]||
||Up Board A10-0116 ||1.9||amd64 ||1||16|| - || (USB3) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://up-shop.org/up-boards/272-up-board.html|107]]||
||Up Board A10-0232 ||1.9||amd64 ||2||32|| - || (USB3) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://up-shop.org/up-boards/272-up-board.html|127]]||
||Utilite Value ||1 ||armhf/imx ||½||4|| - || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[http://utilite-computer.com/web/order-utilite-direct|134]]||
||Wandboard Solo ||1 ||armhf/imx ||½||-|| - || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.technexion.com/wb-imx6s-bw.html|98]]||
||Wandboard Dual ||1x2||armhf/imx ||1||-|| - || - ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.technexion.com/wb-imx6u-bw.html|118]]||
||Wandboard Quad ||1x4||armhf/imx ||2||-|| - || (./) ||n ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://shop.technexion.com/wb-imx6q-bw.html|138]]||
Line 80: Line 98:
 . + at RAM size indicates replaceable option.
 . {OK} Case not included but is offered separately from same vendor.
 . '''+''' at RAM size indicates replaceable option.
 . '''b'''/'''a'''/'''g'''/'''n'''/'''ac'''/'''ax''' at Wifi indicates newest supported protocol [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEEE_802.11#Generations|generation]]
 . '''+''' at Ethernet indicates switch ports
 . '''( (./) )''' at SATA indicates inferior USB bridge interface
 . '''(USB3)''' at SATA indicates ''no'' SATA but arguably usable SATA3 interface instead
 . '''→''' at Speed means "from to", i.e. "1.5x4→2x1" means that 1.5 GHz with 4 cores as well as 2 GHz with 1 core is possible — and potentially further steps inbetween.
 . '''stable''' links to confirmation notes on this wiki of boot using official stable installer
 . '''untested''' means board ''should'' boot with stable Debian but unconfirmed
 . '''unstable''' links to confirmed boot using testing/unstable official installer
 . '''unstable-untested''' means board ''should'' boot but unconfirmed

== TODO ==

Boxes working with mainline linux and mainline u-boot,
but needing changes to Debian packages:

||''Name''||''Speed''||''arch''||''RAM''||''disk''||''battery''||''SATA''||''Wifi''||''Ethernet''||''OSHW''||''price''||'''notes'''||
||Cubieboard2-Dual ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||1||-|| (./) || (./) ||- ||100 || {X} ||[[http://www.eleduino.com/Cubieboard2-Dual-mirco-SD-Card-version-Development-Board-p10421.html|58]]||needs [[https://github.com/armbian/build/issues/114|custom-configured u-boot]]||
||ITEAD Core EVB + AW2041 ||1 ||armhf/sunxi ||1||4|| - || (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.itead.cc/itead-core-evb.html|82]]||needs [[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Unsupported_bootstrapping|u-boot]]||
||ITEAD Core EVB + AW2042 ||1x2||armhf/sunxi ||2||4|| - || (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://www.itead.cc/itead-core-evb.html|97]]||needs [[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Unsupported_bootstrapping|u-boot]]||
||Pine64 SOPINE A64 ||1.2x4||arm64/sunxi ||2||-|| (./) || - ||- ||1000 || {X} ||[[https://store.pine64.org/product/sopine-a64-baseboard-combo/|43]]||needs [[InstallingDebianOn/Allwinner#Unsupported_bootstrapping|u-boot]]||
Line 85: Line 122:
Upcoming devices looking promising, but not yet available for general sale. Upcoming boxes looking promising, but not yet available for general sale:
Line 87: Line 124:
  * [[http://www.elinux.org/Beagleboard:BeagleBoard-X15|BeagleBoard X15]]
  * [[http://rhombus-tech.net/|EOMA68]]
  * [[http://www.kosagi.com/w/index.php?title=Novena_Main_Page|Novena]]
  * [[https://store.linksprite.com/linksprite-acadia-quad-core-i-mx6/|LinkSprite Acadia]]
  * [[https://store.linksprite.com/linksprite-arches-single-board-computer-pcduino8-beta/|LinkSprite Arches]]
  * [[http://radxa.com/Rock2|Radxa Rock2]]
  * [[https://inversepath.com/usbarmory.html|USB armory]]
||''Name''||''Speed''||''arch''||''RAM''||''disk''||''battery''||''SATA''||''Wifi''||''Ethernet''||''OSHW''||''price''||'''notes'''||
||Caninos Loucos Labrador ||1.3x4||armhf/amlogic ||2||16|| - || - ||n ||100 || {X} ||[[https://caninosloucos.org/en/|possibly ~40)]]||
Line 97: Line 129:
  * [[http://www.hardkernel.com/renewal_2011/products/prdt_info.php|Odroid before U3 models]]: Too powerful (requires noisy fan or too expensive to ship heatsink)
  * [[RaspberryPi|Raspberry Pi]]: Requires non-free blob to boot (and pretty weak when using Debian - Raspbian is not Debian)
  * RaspberryPi: [[https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Single_Board_Computers#Single-board_computers_with_fatal_flaws|requires nonfree software to start up]]
  * RaspberryPi2: [[https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Single_Board_Computers#Single-board_computers_with_fatal_flaws|requires nonfree software to start up]]
  * RaspberryPi3: [[https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Single_Board_Computers#Single-board_computers_with_fatal_flaws|requires nonfree software to start up]]
  * Banana Pi Router: Sold only as board, not with case (and likely too expensive with case added).
  * Cubieboard4: not yet supported A80 SoC.
  * Cubieboard6: Sold only as board, not with case.
  * [[http://rhombus-tech.net/|EOMA68]]: No ethernet.
  * Exynos SoC boards: [[https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Single_Board_Computers#Single-board_computers_with_fatal_flaws|requires nonfree software to boot]]
  * MIPS Creator CI20: Sold only as board, not with case

Raspberry Pi boards might become usable
if [[http://crna.cc/b/11|alternative]] [[https://github.com/christinaa/rpi-open-firmware/issues/37#issuecomment-388551489|firmware]] works
and gets packaged for Debian.
Line 101: Line 144:
Some such options are described at [[https://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2017/09/msg00202.html|a mailinglist post]].
Line 104: Line 148:
See [[http://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Processors|libreplanet processor review]] for list of processors, pricing (where found), features including Treacherous-capability, FSF Hardware Endorsement Criteria capability etc. === Kernel ===
Line 106: Line 150:
Some benchmark comparison between different processor famillies, which might help in deciding which platform would best fit the requirements can be found [[http://vanshardware.com/2010/08/mirror-the-coming-war-arm-versus-x86/|here]]  * [[http://linux-sunxi.org/Linux_mainlining_effort#Status_Matrix|sunxi]]
Line 108: Line 152:
Hardware list from the !PlugApps project [[http://www.plugapps.com/index.php5/Portal:Hardware|here]]. Good overview of differences in !SheevaPlug-class devices. === Wiring ===
Line 110: Line 154:
 * [[http://linux-sunxi.org/Sunxi_devices_as_NAS#Requirements_.2F_which_device_to_choose|sunxi]]

=== Licensing ===

==== OSHW ====

A hardware equivalent of Debian Free Software Guidelines (DFSG) is [[OpenSourceHardware|OpenSource Hardware]] (OSHW).

Beware of similar looking labeling like "Open hardware".
Might be just a typo, but is often used when e.g. publishing a PDF but not sources for board schematics.

Also beware of boards (correctly) labelled as OSHW,
where System-on-Chip is on a non-OSHW daughter board.

=== Misc ===

  * [[FreedomBox/Hardware|FreedomBox Hardware List]]
  * [[https://www.board-db.org/|SBC database]]
  * [[https://www.fsf.org/resources/hw/single-board-computers|FSF article about SBCs]]
  * [[https://forum.armbian.com/index.php/topic/1925-some-storage-benchmarks-on-sbcs/#entry15318|brief comparison of ARM boards for NAS use]]
  * https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Freest
  * https://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Single_Board_Computers
  * http://rhombus-tech.net/evaluated_cpus/
  * [[https://marcin.juszkiewicz.com.pl/2016/07/25/aarch64-desktop-hardware/|discussion mid-2016 on the state of decent consumer-grade 64-bt ARM boards]]
Line 112: Line 180:
CategoryFreedomBox CategoryHardware CategoryHardware

Cheap serverbox Hardware

Boxes matching or surpassing the (no longer produced) DreamPlug in price and core features:

  • is supported in Debian (see stable armhf and testing armhf release notes, ARM multiplatform kernel notes, and similar notes for other archs).

  • includes proper case (not simply top and bottom plates)
  • fanless (in normal rooms, also on very hot days)
  • Price incl. case below USD 160
  • min. ½GB ram (for 32bit operation - likely min. 1GB for 64bit)
  • min. 1GHz CPU (for ARMv5 CPUs - different for other CPUs)
  • uSD slot, easy accessible
  • ethernet (proper builtin or on daughterboard, not "toys" like USB-attached or ENC28J60)

Boxes known to use high quality components and wiring for essential parts.

NAS

  • Mainline kernel, covering all essential parts

  • SATA connection, efficiently wired

  • Gigabit ethernet, efficiently wired

Name

Speed

arch

RAM

disk

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet

OSHW

price

stability

Banana Pro

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

55

stable

Cubieboard3/Cubietruck

1x2

armhf/sunxi

2

8

(./)

(./)

n

1000

{X}

86

stable

ESPRESSObin V7

1.2x2

arm64/armada

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

79

OLinuXino A20 LIME2

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

1000

(./)

51

stable

Cheap

  • Mainline kernel, covering all essential parts

  • 100 Megabit ethernet, efficiently wired

  • Price incl. case below USD 50

Name

Speed

arch

RAM

disk

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet

OSHW

price

stability

BeagleBone Green

1

armhf/omap

½

4

-

-

-

100

(./)

54

OLinuXino A10 LIME

1

armhf/sunxi

½

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

36

stable

OLinuXino A20 LIME

1x2

armhf/sunxi

½

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

44

stable

OLinuXino A64-1G

1.2x4

arm64/sunxi

1

-

(./)

-

-

1000

(./)

47

Adequate

Boxes less ideal - either more expensive or possibly using less than ideal components or wiring for essential parts.

Name

Speed

arch

RAM

disk

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet

OSHW

price

stability

APU.2e0

1x4

amd64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x2

{X}

131

BeagleBone Black C

1

armhf/omap

½

4

-

-

-

100

(./)

65

BeagleBone Enhanced 512

1

armhf/omap

½

4

-

-

n

1000

(./)

62

BeagleBone Enhanced 1G

1

armhf/omap

1

4

-

-

n

1000

(./)

79

Cubieboard1

1

armhf/sunxi

1

4

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

56

stable

Cubieboard2

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

4

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

64

stable

Cubieboard5/Cubietruck+

2x8

armhf/sunxi

2

8

(./)

( (./) )

n

1000

{X}

117

untested

CuBox i1

1

armhf/imx

½

8

-

-

-

1000

{X}

80

CuBox i2

1x2

armhf/imx

1

8

-

-

-

1000

{X}

90

CuBox i2eX

1x2

armhf/imx

1

8

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

100

CuBox i4Pro

1x4

armhf/imx

2

8

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

120

CuBoxTV 1GB

1x4

armhf/imx

1

-

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

100

CuBoxTV 2GB

1x4

armhf/imx

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

130

HummingBoard Edge Solo

1

armhf/imx

½

8

-

(./)

-

100

{X}

132

HummingBoard Edge Dual-lite

1x2

armhf/imx

1

8

-

(./)

-

100

{X}

156

HummingBoard Gate Solo

1

armhf/imx

½

8

-

-

-

100

{X}

117

HummingBoard Gate Dual-lite

1x2

armhf/imx

1

8

-

-

-

100

{X}

141

Intel NUC 7CJYH

2

amd64

+8

4

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

126

MiraBox

1

armhf/armada

1

1

-

(USB3)

n

1000x2

{X}

149

ODroid C1+

1.5x4

armhf/amlogic

1

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

40

ODroid C2

1.5x4→2x1

armhf/amlogic

2

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

51

OLinuXino A20 MICRO

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

56

stable

OLinuXino A642Ge8G-IND

1.2x4

arm64/sunxi

2

16

(./)

-

-

1000

(./)

83

pcDuino 3S

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

4

-

-

-

100

{X}

89

untested

Pine64 PINE A64-LTS

1.2x4

arm64/sunxi

2

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

40

untested

Pine64 ROCK64 1GB

1.5x4

arm64/rk

1

-

(./)

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

33

Pine64 ROCK64 2GB

1.5x4

arm64/rk

2

-

(./)

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

43

Pine64 ROCK64 4GB

1.5x4

arm64/rk

4

-

(./)

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

53

ROCK Pi 4 A 1GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

1

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

-

1000

{X}

44

ROCK Pi 4 B 1GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

1

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

n

1000

{X}

54

ROCK Pi 4 A 2GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

2

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

-

1000

{X}

54

ROCK Pi 4 B 2GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

2

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

n

1000

{X}

64

ROCK Pi 4 A 4GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

4

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

-

1000

{X}

70

ROCK Pi 4 B 4GB

1.8x2+1.4x2

arm64/rk

4

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

n

1000

{X}

80

Rock960 4GB

1.8x2+1.4x4

arm64/rk

4

32

-

(M.2+USB3)

ac

1000

{X}

139

unstable-untested

Rock960c 1GB

1.8x2+1.4x4

arm64/rk

1

-

-

(M.2+USB3)

ac

1000

{X}

69

Sheeva64

1.2x2

arm64/armada

1

4

-

.

-

1000x2

{X}

89

Up Board A10-0116

1.9

amd64

1

16

-

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

107

Up Board A10-0232

1.9

amd64

2

32

-

(USB3)

-

1000

{X}

127

Utilite Value

1

armhf/imx

½

4

-

-

-

1000

{X}

134

Wandboard Solo

1

armhf/imx

½

-

-

-

-

1000

{X}

98

Wandboard Dual

1x2

armhf/imx

1

-

-

-

n

1000

{X}

118

Wandboard Quad

1x4

armhf/imx

2

-

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

138

Legend:

  • + at RAM size indicates replaceable option.

  • b/a/g/n/ac/ax at Wifi indicates newest supported protocol generation

  • + at Ethernet indicates switch ports

  • ( (./) ) at SATA indicates inferior USB bridge interface

  • (USB3) at SATA indicates no SATA but arguably usable SATA3 interface instead

  • at Speed means "from to", i.e. "1.5x4→2x1" means that 1.5 GHz with 4 cores as well as 2 GHz with 1 core is possible — and potentially further steps inbetween.

  • stable links to confirmation notes on this wiki of boot using official stable installer

  • untested means board should boot with stable Debian but unconfirmed

  • unstable links to confirmed boot using testing/unstable official installer

  • unstable-untested means board should boot but unconfirmed

TODO

Boxes working with mainline linux and mainline u-boot, but needing changes to Debian packages:

Name

Speed

arch

RAM

disk

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet

OSHW

price

notes

Cubieboard2-Dual

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

58

needs custom-configured u-boot

ITEAD Core EVB + AW2041

1

armhf/sunxi

1

4

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

82

needs u-boot

ITEAD Core EVB + AW2042

1x2

armhf/sunxi

2

4

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

97

needs u-boot

Pine64 SOPINE A64

1.2x4

arm64/sunxi

2

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

43

needs u-boot

Promising

Upcoming boxes looking promising, but not yet available for general sale:

Name

Speed

arch

RAM

disk

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet

OSHW

price

notes

Caninos Loucos Labrador

1.3x4

armhf/amlogic

2

16

-

-

n

100

{X}

possibly ~40)

Unsuitable

Raspberry Pi boards might become usable if alternative firmware works and gets packaged for Debian.

Devices too expensive not listed here (that'd be a looong list). Some such options are described at a mailinglist post.

Kernel

Wiring

Licensing

OSHW

A hardware equivalent of Debian Free Software Guidelines (DFSG) is OpenSource Hardware (OSHW).

Beware of similar looking labeling like "Open hardware". Might be just a typo, but is often used when e.g. publishing a PDF but not sources for board schematics.

Also beware of boards (correctly) labelled as OSHW, where System-on-Chip is on a non-OSHW daughter board.

Misc


CategoryHardware