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Revision 1 as of 2010-08-30 12:16:36
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Editor: TheAnarcat
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Revision 153 as of 2015-01-08 13:25:20
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Comment: Add MinnowBoard MAX boards.
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
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== Target Hardware ==
 * Plug Computer 3.0
  * 2.0 Ghz ARMv5 CPU(Marvell Kirkwood 88F6281)
  * 512 MB Nand Flash
  * Integrated Marvell WiFi and Bluetooth, both work in accesspoint mode or client mode.
  * Replaceable 120 GB Internal 1.8 esata drive or 160 GB, 2.5 esata drive(depending on the Vendor). The 2.5 drive is most economical and replaceable without any additional tools.
  * Gigabit Ethernet and USB 2.0
## NB!
## Please keep list vertically aligned to ease maintenance
## - e.g. avoid adding links to board names in 1st row
Line 9: Line 5:
 * SheevaPlug/GuruPlug
  * 1.2 Ghz ARMv5 CPU(Marvell Kirkwood 88F6281)
  * 512 MB Nand Flash
  * Integrated Marvell WiFi and Bluetooth, both work in accesspoint mode or client mode.
  * Gigabit Ethernet and USB 2.0
  * Some hardware revisions of the Guruplug had heat issues.
  
 * NSLU2
  * Discontinued?
 * [[http://www.fon.com/en/|Fonera 2.0n]]
  * Slow and very limited memory (64MB)
 * [[InstallingDebianOn/FitPC|FitPC]]
<<TableOfContents>>
Line 22: Line 7:
 * [[http://www.pcengines.ch/alix|ALIX]] and [[http://soekris.com/|Soekris boards]]
 * Generic i386/amd64 PCs or any general purpose computer should also be to run the Freedombox OS, but they are not the primary targets
= Target Hardware =

Boxes matching or surpassing the !DreamPlug in price and core features (see also [[FreedomBox/HardwareRequirements|hardware requirements]]):

 * fanless (in normal rooms, also on very hot days)
 * $160/€120 or cheaper
 * min. ½GB ram (for 32bit operation - likely min. 1GB for 64bit)
 * min. 1GHz CPU (for ARMv5 CPUs - different for other CPUs)
 * uSD slot, easy accessible
 * ethernet (proper builtin or on daughterboard, not "toys" like USB-attached or ENC28J60)

||'''Name'''||'''Speed (GHz)'''||'''Debian arch'''||'''Ram (GB)'''||'''disk (GB)'''||'''USB (rev.)'''||'''SATA'''||'''Wifi'''||'''Ethernet speed'''||'''incl. case'''||'''[[OpenSourceHardware|OSHW]]'''||'''Price (USD)'''||
||APU.1C ||1x2||amd64 ||2||-||2|| (./) ||- ||1000x3|| {OK} || {X} ||[[http://www.pcengines.ch/order1.php|145]]||
||Banana Pi ||1x2 ||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} || {X} || [[http://www.aliexpress.com/wholesale?SearchText=banana+pi&catId=0&initiative_id=SB_20140723122910|52]]||
||!BeagleBone Black rev.C ||1 ||armhf ||½||4||2|| - ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[http://dk.mouser.com/access/?pn=595-BB-BBLK-000|50]]||
||Cubieboard ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[http://store.r0ck.me/products/cubieboard-1gb|49]]||
||Cubieboard2 ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[http://store.r0ck.me/products/cubieboard2|59]]||
||Cubietruck ||1x2||armhf ||2||8||2|| (./) ||bgn||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[http://store.r0ck.me/collections/home-slide/products/cubietruck-2gb-ram-8gb-flash-with-wifi-bt|89]]||
||!CuBox ||0.8x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || (./) || {X} ||[[http://www.solid-run.com/store/products/1-cubox-miniature-computer|120]]||
||!CuBox-i1 ||1 ||armhf ||½||-||2|| - ||- ||100 || (./) || {X} ||[[http://cubox-i.com/table/|45]]||
||!CuBox-i2 ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| - ||- ||100 || (./) || {X} ||[[http://cubox-i.com/table/|70]]||
||!CuBox-i2Ultra ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||bgn||1000 || (./) || {X} ||[[http://cubox-i.com/table/|95]]||
||!CuBox-i4Pro ||1x4||armhf ||2||-||2|| (./) ||bgn||1000 || (./) || {X} ||[[http://cubox-i.com/table/|120]]||
||!DevKit8600 ||0.72||armhf ||½||½||2|| - ||bg?||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.embest-tech.com/product/evaluation-boards/devkit8600-evaluation-board.html|139]]||
||'''!DreamPlug''' ||1.2||armel ||½||2||2|| (./) ||bg ||1000x2|| (./) || {X} ||[[http://www.globalscaletechnologies.com/p-54-dreamplug-devkit.aspx|159]]||
||Hackberry ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| - ||bgn||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://www.miniand.com/products/Hackberry%20A10%20Developer%20Board|65]]||
||Improv ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.vaultechnology.com/store/improv|75]]||
||Iteaduino Plus A10 ||1 ||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://imall.iteadstudio.com/iteaduino-plus-a10.html|57]]||
||Iteaduino Plus A20 ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://imall.iteadstudio.com/iteaduino-plus-a20.html|67]]||
||MarS Board ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| - ||- ||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.embest-tech.com/shop/product/mars-board.html|99]]||
||!MarsBoard A10 Dev ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.hotmcu.com/marsboard-a10-dev-board-p-59.html|45]]||
||!MarsBoard A20 Dev ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.hotmcu.com/marsboard-a20-dev-board-p-60.html|54]]||
||!MinnowBoard MAX Single ||1.4||amd64 ||1||-||3|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[https://www.technodisti.com/online-store/boards/minnowboard-max-single-core-detail.html|99]]||
||!MinnowBoard MAX Dual ||1.3x2||amd64 ||2||-||3|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://ex-en.alliedelec.com/search/productdetail.aspx?SKU=70413112|146]]||
||!MiraBox ||1 ||armhf ||1||1||3|| - ||bgn||1000x2|| (./) || {X} ||[[http://www.globalscaletechnologies.com/p-58-mirabox-development-kit.aspx|149]]||
||NanoPC-T1 ||1.5x4||armhf ||1||8||2|| - ||- ||100 || (./) || {X} ||[[http://nanopc.org/NanoPC-T1_Feature.html|78]]||
||Nitrogen6_Lite ||1 ||armhf ||½||-||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://boundarydevices.com/products/nitrogen6_lite/|149]]||
||ODroid U3 ||1.7x4||armhf ||2||-||2|| - ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[http://hardkernel.com/main/products/prdt_info.php|65]]||
||OLinuXino A10 LIME ||1 ||armhf ||½||-||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A10/|41]]||
||OLinuXino A10 LIME 4GB ||1 ||armhf ||½||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A10/|54]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME ||1x2||armhf ||½||-||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|45]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME 4GB ||1x2||armhf ||½||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|58]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME2 ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|56]]||
||OLinuXino A20 LIME2 4GB ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|68]]||
||OLinuXino A20 MICRO ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|75]]||
||OLinuXino A20 MICRO 4GB ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[https://www.olimex.com/Products/OLinuXino/A20/|88]]||
||Parallella-16 Desktop ||0.8x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| - ||- ||1000 || {X} || (./) ||[[http://shop.adapteva.com/collections/featured-products/products/parallella-16-desktop-computer|149]]||
||pcDuino Lite ||1 ||armhf ||½||-||2|| - ||- ||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/main-board/|39]]||
||pcDuino V2 ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| - ||bgn||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/main-board/|50]]||
||pcDuino3 ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||bgn||100 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/main-board/|60]]||
||pcDuino3 Nano ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/main-board/|40]]||
||pcDuino3S ||1x2||armhf ||1||4||2|| - ||bgn||100 || (./) || {X} ||[[https://store.linksprite.com/main-board/|89]]||
||Radxa Rock Lite ||1.6x4||armhf ||1||-||2|| - ||bgn||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[http://www.effiall.com/Radxa_Rock_p/rrl.htm|79]]||
||Radxa Rock Pro ||1.6x4||armhf ||2||8||2|| - ||bgn||100 || {OK} || (./) ||[[http://www.effiall.com/Radxa_Rock_p/rrl.htm|99]]||
||!RiotTboard ||1 ||armhf ||1||4||2|| - ||- ||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.embest-tech.com/product/evaluation-boards/riotboard-development-platform.html|79]]||
||SBC8600B ||0.72||armhf ||½||½||2|| - ||- ||1000x2|| {X} || {X} ||[[http://www.embest-tech.com/product/single-board-computer/sbc8600b-single-board-computer.html|169]]||
||Sheeva Plug ||1 ||armel ||½||½||2|| (./) ||- ||1000 || (./) || {X} ||[[http://www.globalscaletechnologies.com/p-46-sheevaplug-dev-kit.aspx|99]]||
||UDOO Dual ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| - ||bgn||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://shop.udoo.org/other/|115]]||
||UDOO Quad ||1x4||armhf ||1||-||2|| (./) ||bgn||1000 || {X} || {X} ||[[http://shop.udoo.org/other/|135]]||
||Utilite Value ||1 ||armhf ||½||4||2|| - ||- ||1000 || (./) || {X} ||[[http://utilite-computer.com/web/order-utilite-direct|99]]||
||Utilite Standard ||1x2||armhf ||1||8||2|| - ||bgn||1000x2|| (./) || {X} ||[[http://utilite-computer.com/web/order-utilite-direct|159]]||
||Wandboard Solo ||1 ||armhf ||½||-||2|| - ||- ||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://www.texim-europe.com/wandboard_order.aspx|79]]||
||Wandboard Dual ||1x2||armhf ||1||-||2|| - ||bgn||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://www.texim-europe.com/wandboard_order.aspx|101]]||
||Wandboard Quad ||1x4||armhf ||2||-||2|| (./) ||bgn||1000 || {OK} || {X} ||[[https://www.texim-europe.com/wandboard_order.aspx|136]]||

Legend:
 . {OK} Case not included but is offered separately from same vendor.

== Promising ==

Upcoming devices looking promising, but not yet available for general sale.

  * [[http://www.elinux.org/Beagleboard:BeagleBoard-X15|BeagleBoard X15]]
  * [[http://rhombus-tech.net/|EOMA68]]
  * [[http://www.kosagi.com/w/index.php?title=Novena_Main_Page|Novena]]
  * [[https://store.linksprite.com/linksprite-acadia-quad-core-i-mx6/|LinkSprite Acadia]]
  * [[https://store.linksprite.com/linksprite-arches-single-board-computer-pcduino8-beta/|LinkSprite Arches]]
  * [[http://radxa.com/Rock2|Radxa Rock2]]

== Unsuitable ==

  * [[http://www.hardkernel.com/renewal_2011/products/prdt_info.php|Odroid before U3 models]]: Too powerful (requires noisy fan or too expensive to ship heatsink)
  * [[RaspberryPi|Raspberry Pi]]: Requires non-free blob to boot (and pretty weak when using Debian - Raspbian is not Debian)

Devices too expensive not listed here (that'd be a looong list).

== Related resources ==

See [[http://libreplanet.org/wiki/Group:Hardware/Processors|libreplanet processor review]] for list of processors, pricing (where found), features including Treacherous-capability, FSF Hardware Endorsement Criteria capability etc.

Some benchmark comparison between different processor famillies, which might help in deciding which platform would best fit the requirements can be found [[http://vanshardware.com/2010/08/mirror-the-coming-war-arm-versus-x86/|here]]

Hardware list from the !PlugApps project [[http://www.plugapps.com/index.php5/Portal:Hardware|here]]. Good overview of differences in !SheevaPlug-class devices.


----
CategoryFreedomBox CategoryHardware

Target Hardware

Boxes matching or surpassing the DreamPlug in price and core features (see also hardware requirements):

  • fanless (in normal rooms, also on very hot days)
  • $160/€120 or cheaper
  • min. ½GB ram (for 32bit operation - likely min. 1GB for 64bit)
  • min. 1GHz CPU (for ARMv5 CPUs - different for other CPUs)
  • uSD slot, easy accessible
  • ethernet (proper builtin or on daughterboard, not "toys" like USB-attached or ENC28J60)

Name

Speed (GHz)

Debian arch

Ram (GB)

disk (GB)

USB (rev.)

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet speed

incl. case

OSHW

Price (USD)

APU.1C

1x2

amd64

2

-

2

(./)

-

1000x3

{OK}

{X}

145

Banana Pi

1x2

armhf

1

-

2

(./)

-

1000

{X}

{X}

52

BeagleBone Black rev.C

1

armhf

½

4

2

-

-

100

{OK}

(./)

50

Cubieboard

1

armhf

1

4

2

(./)

-

100

{OK}

{X}

49

Cubieboard2

1x2

armhf

1

4

2

(./)

-

100

{OK}

{X}

59

Cubietruck

1x2

armhf

2

8

2

(./)

bgn

1000

{OK}

{X}

89

CuBox

0.8x2

armhf

1

4

2

(./)

-

1000

(./)

{X}

120

CuBox-i1

1

armhf

½

-

2

-

-

100

(./)

{X}

45

CuBox-i2

1x2

armhf

1

-

2

-

-

100

(./)

{X}

70

CuBox-i2Ultra

1x2

armhf

1

-

2

(./)

bgn

1000

(./)

{X}

95

CuBox-i4Pro

1x4

armhf

2

-

2

(./)

bgn

1000

(./)

{X}

120

DevKit8600

0.72

armhf

½

½

2

-

bg?

1000

{X}

{X}

139

DreamPlug

1.2

armel

½

2

2

(./)

bg

1000x2

(./)

{X}

159

Hackberry

1

armhf

1

4

2

-

bgn

100

{OK}

{X}

65

Improv

1x2

armhf

1

4

2

(./)

-

100

{X}

{X}

75

Iteaduino Plus A10

1

armhf

1

-

2

(./)

-

100

{OK}

{X}

57

Iteaduino Plus A20

1x2

armhf

1

4

2

(./)

-

100

{OK}

{X}

67

MarS Board

1x2

armhf

1

4

2

-

-

1000

{X}

{X}

99

MarsBoard A10 Dev

1

armhf

1

4

2

(./)

-

100

{X}

{X}

45

MarsBoard A20 Dev

1

armhf

1

4

2

(./)

-

100

{X}

{X}

54

MinnowBoard MAX Single

1.4

amd64

1

-

3

(./)

-

1000

{X}

{X}

99

MinnowBoard MAX Dual

1.3x2

amd64

2

-

3

(./)

-

1000

{X}

{X}

146

MiraBox

1

armhf

1

1

3

-

bgn

1000x2

(./)

{X}

149

NanoPC-T1

1.5x4

armhf

1

8

2

-

-

100

(./)

{X}

78

Nitrogen6_Lite

1

armhf

½

-

2

(./)

-

100

{X}

{X}

149

ODroid U3

1.7x4

armhf

2

-

2

-

-

100

{OK}

{X}

65

OLinuXino A10 LIME

1

armhf

½

-

2

(./)

-

100

{OK}

(./)

41

OLinuXino A10 LIME 4GB

1

armhf

½

4

2

(./)

-

100

{OK}

(./)

54

OLinuXino A20 LIME

1x2

armhf

½

-

2

(./)

-

100

{OK}

(./)

45

OLinuXino A20 LIME 4GB

1x2

armhf

½

4

2

(./)

-

100

{OK}

(./)

58

OLinuXino A20 LIME2

1x2

armhf

1

-

2

(./)

-

1000

{OK}

(./)

56

OLinuXino A20 LIME2 4GB

1x2

armhf

1

4

2

(./)

-

1000

{OK}

(./)

68

OLinuXino A20 MICRO

1x2

armhf

1

-

2

(./)

-

100

{OK}

(./)

75

OLinuXino A20 MICRO 4GB

1x2

armhf

1

4

2

(./)

-

100

{OK}

(./)

88

Parallella-16 Desktop

0.8x2

armhf

1

-

2

-

-

1000

{X}

(./)

149

pcDuino Lite

1

armhf

½

-

2

-

-

100

{OK}

{X}

39

pcDuino V2

1

armhf

1

4

2

-

bgn

100

{OK}

{X}

50

pcDuino3

1x2

armhf

1

4

2

(./)

bgn

100

{OK}

{X}

60

pcDuino3 Nano

1x2

armhf

1

4

2

(./)

-

1000

{OK}

{X}

40

pcDuino3S

1x2

armhf

1

4

2

-

bgn

100

(./)

{X}

89

Radxa Rock Lite

1.6x4

armhf

1

-

2

-

bgn

100

{OK}

(./)

79

Radxa Rock Pro

1.6x4

armhf

2

8

2

-

bgn

100

{OK}

(./)

99

RiotTboard

1

armhf

1

4

2

-

-

1000

{X}

{X}

79

SBC8600B

0.72

armhf

½

½

2

-

-

1000x2

{X}

{X}

169

Sheeva Plug

1

armel

½

½

2

(./)

-

1000

(./)

{X}

99

UDOO Dual

1x2

armhf

1

-

2

-

bgn

1000

{X}

{X}

115

UDOO Quad

1x4

armhf

1

-

2

(./)

bgn

1000

{X}

{X}

135

Utilite Value

1

armhf

½

4

2

-

-

1000

(./)

{X}

99

Utilite Standard

1x2

armhf

1

8

2

-

bgn

1000x2

(./)

{X}

159

Wandboard Solo

1

armhf

½

-

2

-

-

1000

{OK}

{X}

79

Wandboard Dual

1x2

armhf

1

-

2

-

bgn

1000

{OK}

{X}

101

Wandboard Quad

1x4

armhf

2

-

2

(./)

bgn

1000

{OK}

{X}

136

Legend:

  • {OK} Case not included but is offered separately from same vendor.

Promising

Upcoming devices looking promising, but not yet available for general sale.

Unsuitable

  • Odroid before U3 models: Too powerful (requires noisy fan or too expensive to ship heatsink)

  • Raspberry Pi: Requires non-free blob to boot (and pretty weak when using Debian - Raspbian is not Debian)

Devices too expensive not listed here (that'd be a looong list).

See libreplanet processor review for list of processors, pricing (where found), features including Treacherous-capability, FSF Hardware Endorsement Criteria capability etc.

Some benchmark comparison between different processor famillies, which might help in deciding which platform would best fit the requirements can be found here

Hardware list from the PlugApps project here. Good overview of differences in SheevaPlug-class devices.


CategoryFreedomBox CategoryHardware