Differences between revisions 262 and 263
Revision 262 as of 2017-06-05 14:28:03
Size: 12155
Comment: Add 64-bit OLinuXino board as promising.
Revision 263 as of 2017-11-04 18:58:13
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Comment: Add link to mailinglist post about more expensive options.
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Some such options are described at [[https://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2017/09/msg00202.html|a mailinglist post]].

Cheap serverbox Hardware

Boxes matching or surpassing the DreamPlug in price and core features:

  • is supported in Debian (see stable armhf and testing armhf release notes, ARM multiplatform kernel notes, and similar notes for other archs).

  • includes case
  • fanless (in normal rooms, also on very hot days)
  • $160/€120 or cheaper
  • min. ½GB ram (for 32bit operation - likely min. 1GB for 64bit)
  • min. 1GHz CPU (for ARMv5 CPUs - different for other CPUs)
  • uSD slot, easy accessible
  • ethernet (proper builtin or on daughterboard, not "toys" like USB-attached or ENC28J60)

Boxes known to use high quality components and wiring for essential parts.

NAS

  • Mainline kernel, covering all essential parts

  • SATA connection, efficiently wired

  • Gigabit ethernet, efficiently wired

Name

Speed (GHz)

Debian arch

Ram (GB)

disk (GB)

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet speed

OSHW

Price (USD) incl. case

Banana Pro

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

55

Cubieboard3/Cubietruck

1x2

armhf/sunxi

2

8

(./)

(./)

n

1000

{X}

93

OLinuXino A20 LIME2

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

1000

(./)

56

Cheap

  • Mainline kernel, covering all essential parts

  • 100 Megabit ethernet, efficiently wired

  • Price no higher than USD 50, incl. case.

Name

Speed (GHz)

Debian arch

Ram (GB)

disk (GB)

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet speed

OSHW

Price (USD) incl. case

OLinuXino A10 LIME

1

armhf/sunxi

½

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

41

OLinuXino A20 LIME

1x2

armhf/sunxi

½

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

43

Adequate

Boxes possibly using less than ideal components or wiring for essential parts.

Name

Speed (GHz)

Debian arch

Ram (GB)

disk (GB)

battery

SATA

Wifi

Ethernet speed

OSHW

Price (USD) incl. case

APU.1D

1x2

amd64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

134

APU.1D4

1x2

amd64

4

-

-

(./)

-

1000x3

{X}

155

Banana Pi M3

2x8

armhf/sunxi

2

8

-

( (./) )

n

1000

{X}

150

BeagleBone Black C

1

armhf/omap

½

4

-

-

-

100

(./)

65

Cubieboard

1

armhf/sunxi

1

4

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

57

Cubieboard2

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

4

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

67

Cubieboard2-Dual

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

{X}

51

Cubieboard5/Cubietruck+

2x8

armhf/sunxi

2

8

(./)

( (./) )

n

1000

{X}

117

CuBox i2

1x2

armhf/freescale

1

-

-

-

-

1000

{X}

90

CuBox i2 eX

1x2

armhf/freescale

1

-

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

120

CuBox i4Pro

1x4

armhf/freescale

2

-

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

140

CuBoxTV 1GB

1x4

armhf/freescale

1

-

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

100

CuBoxTV 2GB

1x4

armhf/freescale

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

130

DreamPlug

1.2

armel/kirkwood

½

2

-

(./)

g

1000x2

{X}

159

HummingBoard Pro i1

1

armhf/freescale

½

-

-

-

-

100

{X}

127

HummingBoard Pro i2

1x2

armhf/freescale

1

-

-

-

-

100

{X}

144

HummingBoard Pro i2eX

1x2

armhf/freescale

1

-

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

158

Intel DE3815TYKHE

1.4

amd64

+8

4

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

159

ITEAD Core AW2041

1

armhf/sunxi

1

4

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

82

ITEAD Core AW2042

1x2

armhf/sunxi

2

4

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

97

MinnowBoard MAX

1.3x2

amd64

2

-

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

165

MIPS Creator CI20

1.2x2

mipsel

1

8

(./)

-

-

100

{X}

65

MiraBox

1

armhf/armada

1

1

-

-

n

1000x2

{X}

149

ODroid C1+

1.5x4

armhf/amlogic

1

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

37

ODroid C2

1.5x4→2x1

armhf/amlogic

2

-

(./)

-

-

1000

{X}

45

OLinuXino A20 MICRO

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

-

(./)

(./)

-

100

(./)

69

Orange Pi Plus 2E

1.3x4

armhw/sunxi

2

16

-

-

n

1000

{X}

39

pcDuino 3S

1x2

armhf/sunxi

1

4

-

-

-

100

{X}

89

Radxa Rock Lite

1.6x4

armhf/rockchip

1

-

-

-

n

100

{X}

59

Radxa Rock Pro

1.6x4

armhf/rockchip

2

8

-

-

n

100

{X}

99

Sheeva Plug

1

armel/kirkwood

½

½

-

(./)

-

1000

{X}

99

Utilite Value

1

armhf/freescale

½

4

-

-

-

1000

{X}

134

Wandboard Solo

1

armhf/freescale

½

-

-

-

-

1000

{X}

114

Wandboard Dual

1x2

armhf/freescale

1

-

-

-

n

1000

{X}

132

Wandboard Quad

1x4

armhf/freescale

2

-

-

(./)

n

1000

{X}

162

Linksys WRT1200AC

1.3x2

armhf/armada?

½

¼

-

(./)

ac

1000x4

{X}

130

Legend:

  • + at RAM size indicates replaceable option.
  • ? at Debian arch indicates not yet fully supported.
  • b/g/n/ac at Wifi indicates newest supported protocol
  • + at Ethernet speed indicates switch ports
  • ( (./) ) at SATA indicates inferior USB bridge interface

  • → at Speed means "from to", i.e. "1.5x4→2x1" means that 1.5 GHz with 4 cores as well as 2 GHz with 1 core is possible — and potentially further steps inbetween.

Promising

More than adequate boxes pending mainline kernel support for essential parts:

More than adequate boxes pending casing and mainline kernel support for essential parts:

Upcoming boxes looking promising, but not yet available for general sale:

Unsuitable

Raspberry Pi boards might become usable if alternative firmware works and gets packaged for Debian.

Devices too expensive not listed here (that'd be a looong list). Some such options are described at a mailinglist post.

Kernel

Wiring

Licensing

OSHW

A hardware equivalent of Debian Free Software Guidelines (DFSG) is OpenSource Hardware (OSHW).

Beware of similar looking labeling like "Open hardware". Might be just a typo, but is often used when e.g. publishing a PDF but not sources for board schematics.

Also beware of boards (correctly) labelled as OSHW, where System-on-Chip is on a non-OSHW daughter board.

Misc


CategoryHardware