Differences between revisions 33 and 34
Revision 33 as of 2013-10-09 00:55:39
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Editor: GeoffSimmons
Comment: Update translation header, replace nonexistent deb-multimedia.org mirror, w{32,64}codecs has nothing to do with DVD, s/cdrecord/wodim/g, remove/replace outdated details, formatting.
Revision 34 as of 2013-10-10 19:22:11
Size: 4564
Editor: Drahtseil
Comment: some further (final) polishing around libdvdcss2; added regionset issue
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libdvdcss2 is required for the decryption of CSS protected-DVDs. This cannot be obtained from the Debian repositories due to the licence restrictions in various countries. It can be downloaded from other sources, such as deb-multimedia.org. Please read the {{{/usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/README.css}}} file and [[#libdvdcss2]] below. <<Anchor(libdvdcss2)>>
=== libdvdcss2 ===
WikiPedia:libdvdcss
is required for the decryption of CSS protected-DVDs. This cannot be obtained from the Debian repositories due to the licence restrictions in various countries. Please also read the {{{/usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/README.css}}} file.
Line 21: Line 23:
=== libdvdcss2 ===
You can download WikiPedia:libdvdcss directly from the project's homepage:
There are various sources for ''libdvdcss2'':
 1. as deb directly from the project's homepage videolan: see http://download.videolan.org/debian/
 1. compiled from source from videolan http://download.videolan.org/pub/libdvdcss/
  
  Read the file INSTALL and follow the instructions, e.g.
  {{{
    ./configure --prefix=/usr
    make
    sudo make install
  }}}
 1. from the '''[[UnofficialRepositories|unofficial repository]]''' deb-multimedia.org
Line 24: Line 35:
  http://download.videolan.org/pub/libdvdcss/

Read the file INSTALL and follow the instructions, e.g.
{{{
  ./configure --prefix=/usr
  make
  sudo make install
}}}
Done. You should now be able to watch CSS-encrypted DVDs with your favourite Video-Player.
=== setting the region ===
Some DVD players require the region to be set before they are able to play encrypted DVDs. This has to be done manually with DebianPkg:regionset. The man-pages provide help in choosing the propoer country-code.
Line 86: Line 90:
<<Anchor(libdvdcss2)>>
==== Reading encrypted DVDs ====
Some Video DVD are scrambled, and you need a library (libdvdcss2) to read them:

 * Add the unofficial [[http://www.deb-multimedia.org/|deb-multimedia.org repository]] to {{{/etc/apt/sources.list}}}. For example: {{{
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org/ wheezy main
}}}

 [[http://www.deb-multimedia.org/debian-m.php|Mirrors of this repository]] are also available. Optionally add the [[http://www.deb-multimedia.org/faq.php#q9|GPG key]].

 Note that with adding this repository, you will see further different versions (e.g. Audacity) from this site.

 Alternatively, you can download the file ''libdvdcss'' directly from http://download.videolan.org/pub/libdvdcss/ .

 * Now install a dvd player called xine: {{{
aptitude update
aptitude install xine-ui
}}}
 * Install library that helps programs read DVDs: {{{
aptitude search libdvdcss2
}}}

Translation(s): English - Français - Italiano


Devices

CD/DVD units are generally detected as /dev/sr*, where * is a number starting at 0. So your first drive will be /dev/sr0, second drive /dev/sr1, etc.

Symlinks /dev/cdrom, /dev/cdrw, /dev/dvd, or /dev/dvdrw (pointing to /dev/sr0) may also be created depending on the detected capabilities of your device.

DVD

You can use many video players on Debian to read video DVDs, including Xine (or players with a Xine backend, such as totem-xine) or MPlayer. Since most DVDs are protected by CSS (Content Scramble System) you will require the installation of libdvdread4:

# apt-get install libdvdread4

libdvdcss2

libdvdcss is required for the decryption of CSS protected-DVDs. This cannot be obtained from the Debian repositories due to the licence restrictions in various countries. Please also read the /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/README.css file.

There are various sources for libdvdcss2:

  1. as deb directly from the project's homepage videolan: see http://download.videolan.org/debian/

  2. compiled from source from videolan http://download.videolan.org/pub/libdvdcss/

    • Read the file INSTALL and follow the instructions, e.g.
          ./configure --prefix=/usr
          make
          sudo make install
  3. from the unofficial repository deb-multimedia.org

setting the region

Some DVD players require the region to be set before they are able to play encrypted DVDs. This has to be done manually with regionset. The man-pages provide help in choosing the propoer country-code.

CD

CDROM

<!> Beware! Much of this is old information. In the age of devfs and udev (or kernel version 2.6), you may not even have an (eg.) /dev/hdc if your drive isn't in the machine when you boot. As of Sarge, they're intended to be used as so:

(1) infidel /home/keeling_ ls -al /media    
total 4
drwxr-xr-x   4 root root 1024 2005-11-08 15:49 .
drwxr-xr-x  23 root root 1024 2005-11-03 19:24 ..
lrwxrwxrwx   1 root root    6 2005-11-03 18:12 cdrom -> cdrom0
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root 1024 2005-11-03 18:12 cdrom0
lrwxrwxrwx   1 root root    6 2005-11-08 15:49 cdrom1 -> cdrom0
lrwxrwxrwx   1 root root    7 2005-11-03 18:12 floppy -> floppy0
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root 1024 2005-11-03 18:12 floppy0

Furthermore, use of SCSI emulation drivers for ATAPI interfaces is deprecated. Instead, you can (and should) use the correct device name directly:

wodim speed=8 dev=/dev/hdc -eject -tao -data /scratch/iso/track_01.img


Detecting and mounting

Use to detect your CD/DVD units:

wodim -scanbus

To check which special file /dev/cdrom is a symlink to (i.e. /dev/sr0, /dev/hdc or /dev/scd0), type:

ls -al /dev/cdrom*

Users need to be members of the "cdrom" group to use an optical device on Debian.

You can allow any user mount cdrom adding to fstab:

/dev/cdrom /mnt/auto/cdrom iso9660 noauto,users,ro 0 0

You can see if fstab points to the right device typing:

dmesg | grep ATAPI

FAQ

4GB per File limitation

Writing file larger than 4GB on an iso-9660 dvd is tricky (read wikipedia). The easiest way might be to use UDF.

  • Debian's mkisofs (genisoimage) might be limited to 4GB (read this).

Converting DVD

See also