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Revision 1 as of 2012-01-17 13:57:21
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Editor: PeterWu
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Revision 66 as of 2020-05-17 10:11:43
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Comment: Cleanup and modernize page, remove references to EOL'd Wheezy, remove specific instructions for installing the NVIDIA driver libs which were broken and unnecessary as bumblebee-nvidia depends on them.
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
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#language en
~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[fr/Bumblebee|Français]] - [[it/Bumblebee|Italiano]] - [[es/Bumblebee|español]] - [[ru/Bumblebee|Русский]] - [[pt_BR/Bumblebee|Brasileiro]]-~
----
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Bumblebee aims to provide support for NVIDIA Optimus laptops for GNU/Linux
distributions. Using Bumblebee, you can use your NVIDIA card for rendering
graphics which will be displayed using the Intel card.
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The instructions on this page have been made for Debian 6 Squeeze. Debian 5
Lenny is not supported.
<<TableOfContents(3)>>
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== Requirements == Bumblebee aims to provide support for [[https://developer.nvidia.com/optimus|NVIDIA Optimus]] laptops for GNU/Linux distributions. Using Bumblebee, you can use your NVIDIA card for rendering graphics which will be displayed using the Intel card.
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 * source tarball from https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/Bumblebee/downloads
 * Build dependencies: {{{
sudo apt-get install build-essential pkg-config help2man libx11-dev libbsd-dev
}}}
 * [[http://sourceforge.net/projects/virtualgl/files/VirtualGL/|Virtual GL]]
 * A video driver (nouveau or nvidia, see below)
 * [[https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/bbswitch|bbswitch]] (kernel module for Power Management, see below)
The instructions on this page apply to all Debian versions that are currently supported, however modern hardware will accordingly require a modern release of the NVIDIA graphics drivers. If you're using a particularly recent card, please make sure the driver version you're using supports it. A list of the versions available in Debian and the supported devices for each of them can be found on the [[NvidiaGraphicsDrivers]] page.
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=== bbswitch ===
It's recommended to install this kernel module using DKMS such that it survives
kernel upgrades. The [[https://launchpad.net/~bumblebee/+archive/testing/+packages?field.name_filter=bbswitch|bbswitch-dkms package from Ubuntu]]
is compatible with Debian and can also be used.

=== Driver choice ===

NVIDIA Optimus graphics card are very recent, the [[http://packages.debian.org/xserver-xorg-video-nouveau|nouveau]]
package supplied with Squeeze is very old. For nouveau, kernel 3.1 and up is recommended
because of the firmware. If you're using Squeeze, the easiest way is to use
the NVIDIA proprietary driver.

==== NVIDIA blob ====
To install the nvidia proprietary driver, you will have to install the
[[http://packages.debian.org/nvidia-glx|nvidia-glx]] and
[[http://packages.debian.org/nvidia-kernel-dkms]] packages. If using Squeeze, the
backports repository [[https://wiki.debian.org/Backports|needs to be enabled]].
Make sure APT has ''non-free'' and ''contrib'' sources (consult the [[DebianMan:5/sources.list|sources.list(5)]] man page for help on doing this).

After refreshing the package lists using `sudo apt-get update`, install the NVIDIA drivers with: {{{
sudo apt-get install -t squeeze-backports nvidia-glx linux-headers-$(uname -r) nvidia-kernel-dkms
}}}
(remove {{{-t squeeze-backports}}} if you are not using Squeeze)

The following command is '''very''' important, if you skip it you will loose
3D acceleration. Restore Mesa as the default GL library since the primary
display is running on the Intel graphics card: {{{
sudo update-alternatives --set glx /usr/lib/mesa-diverted
}}}
Bumblebee packages are available directly from the Debian repositories, head down to the [[#Installation|Installation]] section. In summary, it's often as simple as installing {{{bumblebee}}} or {{{bumblebee-nvidia}}}, and {{{primus}}}.
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=== Compiling ===
Configure the source tree, it can be as simple as {{{./configure}}} if you
use nouveau and want to install Bumblebee to {{{/usr}}} with the configuration
directory at {{{/usr/local/etc/bumblebee}}}.
=== From repository ===
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If you use the proprietary nvidia driver, set the correct driver paths: For users who would like to use the free and open-source "Nouveau" driver:
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./configure CONF_DRIVER_MODULE_NVIDIA=nvidia-current \
  CONF_LDPATH_NVIDIA=/usr/lib/nvidia:/usr/lib32/nvidia \
  CONF_MODPATH_NVIDIA=/usr/lib/nvidia,/usr/lib/xorg/modules
sudo apt install bumblebee primus
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Append {{{--sysconfdir=/etc}}} if you wish to have configuration files available
at {{{/etc/bumblebee}}}.
For users who would like to use the proprietary driver (make sure the contrib and non-free components are enabled in your [[SourcesList]] file):
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Continue with building and installing files.
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make
sudo make install
sudo apt install bumblebee-nvidia primus
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=== Startup script ===
To make the bumblebee daemon (bumblebeed) start on boot, install an
init script: {{{
sudo install -m755 scripts/sysvinit/bumblebeed /etc/init.d/
sudo update-rc.d bumblebeed defaults
Users running a 64-bit system who want to take advantage of Bumblebee with the primus backend when running 32-bit applications will also want to install {{{primus-libs:i386}}}. This requires [[Multiarch]] support. Similarly, if 32-bit [[Mesa|OpenGL]] support is required (e.g., for running 32-bit Microsoft Windows games under [[Wine]]), install the DebPkg:nvidia-driver-libs-i386 package.

'''Warning:''' If your internal graphics card is an Intel chipset, you may wish to uninstall the DebianPkg:xserver-xorg-video-intel package as the driver it supplies is not actively developed. Use of this driver is actively discouraged if your hardware is new enough (roughly 2007 or newer) as it may introduce other issues.

=== Compiling from source ===

Refer to [[Bumblebee/ManualInstall]]. These instructions are provided for historical reference only and are not recommended now that packages are available through the repositories.


== Post-installation ==

In some cases, you may need to add your user to the {{{bumblebee}}} group in order to use optirun, i.e.

{{{
adduser $USER bumblebee
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=== Groups ===
For security reasons, the use of Bumblebee is restricted to a
certain group. By default, this group is {{{bumblebee}}}, which
must be created: {{{
sudo groupadd
where $USER corresponds to your username. Do also note that this command must be run as root. Don't forget to log out and log back in for this to take effect.

If you have {{{sudo}}} configured for your current user, i.e. your user is a member of the {{{sudo}}} group, this step is not needed (the bumblebee package postinst script takes care of adding sudo users to the bumblebee group automatically). This is likely to be the reason why Bumblebee works out of the box in Ubuntu, but not in Debian, with the same initial setup, i.e. Ubuntu has sudo installed by default; Debian does not configure sudo if you set a root password during installation using the non-live installer. To clarify, sudo is not needed to use bumblebee; it simply makes adding your user to the bumblebee group unnecessary.


== Usage ==

To run your application with the discrete NVIDIA card run in the terminal:

{{{
optirun [options] <application> [application-parameters]
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Users who are allowed to use Bumblebee must be added (replace `$USER`
accordingly): {{{
sudo usermod -a -G bumblebee $USER
For example:

{{{
optirun glxgears -info
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Group settings are re-read after login so re-login to get started.
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== Usage ==
To run your application with the discrete NVIDIA card run in the terminal:
 $ `optirun [options] <application> [application-parameters]`
For a list of options for `optirun` open the manual page with `man optirun` or run:
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Example:
 $ `optirun firefox`

For a list of options for `optirun` run:
 $ `optirun --help`
{{{
optirun --help
}}}
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bbswitch is packaged in Debian and is automatically installed when choosing to install bumblebee through the repositories.
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If you have any questions, feel free to join [[http://webchat.freenode.net/?channels=#bumblebee|#bumblebee]] on Freenode.
If you have any questions, feel free to join [[https://webchat.freenode.net/?channels=bumblebee|#bumblebee]] on Freenode.
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First of all: If you have any problem, please read the article [[https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/Bumblebee/wiki/Troubleshooting|Troubleshooting]]. If your issue is not solved, you can join the [[http://webchat.freenode.net/?channels=#bumblebee|#bumblebee]] IRC channel to ask for help (recommended). See also
https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/Bumblebee/wiki/Reporting-Issues
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When asked to create a bugreport, run the `sudo bumblebee-bugreport` command in a terminal First of all: If you have any problem, please read the article [[https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/Bumblebee/wiki/Troubleshooting|Troubleshooting]]. If your issue is not solved, you can join the [[https://webchat.freenode.net/?channels=bumblebee|#bumblebee]] IRC channel to ask for help (recommended). See also
[[https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/Bumblebee/wiki/Reporting-Issues|how to report issues]].
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== Uninstall ==
If you're unsatisfied with Bumblebee, you can remove it by running {{{sudo make uninstall}}} from the source directory.
When asked to create a bug report, run the `sudo bumblebee-bugreport` command in a terminal.
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== Social Media ==
Follow us on: [[http://www.facebook.com/pages/Bumblebee-Project/292915584089408|Facebook]] and [[https://twitter.com/#!/Team_Bumblebee|Twitter]].
=== Common issues ===

- If optirun returns the following error:

{{{[ERROR]Cannot access secondary GPU - error: Could not load GPU driver}}}

You must edit /etc/bumblebee/bumblebee.conf using your preferred editor as root, and change "!KernelDriver=nvidia" to "!KernelDriver=nvidia-current", then restart the bumblebee daemon, i.e.

{{{
systemctl restart bumblebeed
}}}

(Refer to Debian Bug DebianBug:717687 for a brief explanation.)

- If optirun returns the following error:

{{{[ERROR]Cannot access secondary GPU - error: [XORG] (EE) No devices detected}}}

You may have to set the BusID manually, in /etc/bumblebee/xorg.conf.nvidia. To get the BusID, run `lspci | egrep 'VGA|3D'` in a terminal. Refer to the comments in that file for further instructions.

- If optirun returns the following error (DebianBug:756522):

{{{[ERROR]Cannot access secondary GPU - error: [XORG] (EE) /dev/dri/card0: failed to set DRM interface version 1.4: Permission denied}}}

You have to append the following section to {{{/etc/bumblebee/xorg.conf.nvidia}}}:

{{{
Section "Screen"
    Identifier "Default Screen"
    Device "DiscreteNvidia"
EndSection
}}}

You might also try downgrading libdrm from 2.4.58 to 2.4.56. That might fix the {{{Permission denied}}} errors in Jessie.

- If optirun errors out and {{{dmesg}}} reports that your GPU has "fallen off the bus" on Linux >= 3.10, either stick with an older [[https://snapshot.debian.org/package/linux/|kernel version (<= 3.9)]], or add {{{rcutree.rcu_idle_gp_delay=1}}} to your grub command line (in /etc/default/grub, then run {{{update-grub}}} and {{{reboot}}}) as a workaround.

This is a known problem upstream and suspected to be an issue with the proprietary nvidia driver. Refer to Bumblebee github [[https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/Bumblebee/issues/455#issuecomment-22497464|issue #455]].

- If optirun returns the following error: {{{[ERROR]Cannot access secondary GPU - error: Could not enable discrete graphics card}}} and dmesg states: {{{Refused to change power state, currently in D3}}}, you have probably issue with ACPI (encountered on Dell laptops). One solution is to prevent nvidia card to go to failed sleep state. Set {{{PMMethod=none}}} in {{{/etc/bumblebee/bumblebee.conf}}}. To keep the powersaving capabilities, you can try to tweak kernel parameters as noted below for Dell XPS 15 in bumblebee github link and here [[https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/bbswitch/issues/140|issue #140]].

- If your laptop locks up during boot when starting the graphical display you may need to add a kernel parameter to set {{{acpi_osi="!Windows 2015"}}} or some variant. This is a known ACPI problem with 2017 Dell XPS 15 and others. Refer to Bumblebee github [[https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/Bumblebee/issues/764#issuecomment-234494238|issue #764]].

- If your laptop freezes during boot in Debian Buster whuke starting the graphical display, you may try a workaround where you force the Bumblebee service to start after the display manager [[https://github.com/Bumblebee-Project/Bumblebee/issues/1036|issue #1036]]
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 * https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Bumblebee
* UbuntuWiki:Bumblebee
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 * http://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers  * NvidiaGraphicsDrivers
 * https://bumblebee-project.org/

Translation(s): English - Français - Italiano - español - Русский - Brasileiro


Bumblebee Project

Bumblebee aims to provide support for NVIDIA Optimus laptops for GNU/Linux distributions. Using Bumblebee, you can use your NVIDIA card for rendering graphics which will be displayed using the Intel card.

The instructions on this page apply to all Debian versions that are currently supported, however modern hardware will accordingly require a modern release of the NVIDIA graphics drivers. If you're using a particularly recent card, please make sure the driver version you're using supports it. A list of the versions available in Debian and the supported devices for each of them can be found on the NvidiaGraphicsDrivers page.

Bumblebee packages are available directly from the Debian repositories, head down to the Installation section. In summary, it's often as simple as installing bumblebee or bumblebee-nvidia, and primus.

Installation

From repository

For users who would like to use the free and open-source "Nouveau" driver:

sudo apt install bumblebee primus

For users who would like to use the proprietary driver (make sure the contrib and non-free components are enabled in your SourcesList file):

sudo apt install bumblebee-nvidia primus

Users running a 64-bit system who want to take advantage of Bumblebee with the primus backend when running 32-bit applications will also want to install primus-libs:i386. This requires Multiarch support. Similarly, if 32-bit OpenGL support is required (e.g., for running 32-bit Microsoft Windows games under Wine), install the nvidia-driver-libs-i386 package.

Warning: If your internal graphics card is an Intel chipset, you may wish to uninstall the xserver-xorg-video-intel package as the driver it supplies is not actively developed. Use of this driver is actively discouraged if your hardware is new enough (roughly 2007 or newer) as it may introduce other issues.

Compiling from source

Refer to Bumblebee/ManualInstall. These instructions are provided for historical reference only and are not recommended now that packages are available through the repositories.

Post-installation

In some cases, you may need to add your user to the bumblebee group in order to use optirun, i.e.

adduser $USER bumblebee

where $USER corresponds to your username. Do also note that this command must be run as root. Don't forget to log out and log back in for this to take effect.

If you have sudo configured for your current user, i.e. your user is a member of the sudo group, this step is not needed (the bumblebee package postinst script takes care of adding sudo users to the bumblebee group automatically). This is likely to be the reason why Bumblebee works out of the box in Ubuntu, but not in Debian, with the same initial setup, i.e. Ubuntu has sudo installed by default; Debian does not configure sudo if you set a root password during installation using the non-live installer. To clarify, sudo is not needed to use bumblebee; it simply makes adding your user to the bumblebee group unnecessary.

Usage

To run your application with the discrete NVIDIA card run in the terminal:

optirun [options] <application> [application-parameters]

For example:

optirun glxgears -info

For a list of options for optirun open the manual page with man optirun or run:

optirun --help

Power Management

A primary goal of this project is to not only enable use of the discrete GPU for rendering, but also to enable smart power management of the dGPU when it's not in use. We're using either bbswitch (a module) or vga_switcheroo (kernel module, experimental) to do this in Bumblebee.

bbswitch is packaged in Debian and is automatically installed when choosing to install bumblebee through the repositories.

Since Bumblebee 3.0, this feature is enabled by default, using bbswitch. This allow automatic power management, without any configuration needs. If Power Management doesn't work on your laptop, please go to this Power Management (PM) page and help to improve Bumblebee.

IRC

If you have any questions, feel free to join #bumblebee on Freenode.

Reporting bugs/problems

First of all: If you have any problem, please read the article Troubleshooting. If your issue is not solved, you can join the #bumblebee IRC channel to ask for help (recommended). See also how to report issues.

When asked to create a bug report, run the sudo bumblebee-bugreport command in a terminal.

Common issues

- If optirun returns the following error:

[ERROR]Cannot access secondary GPU - error: Could not load GPU driver

You must edit /etc/bumblebee/bumblebee.conf using your preferred editor as root, and change "KernelDriver=nvidia" to "KernelDriver=nvidia-current", then restart the bumblebee daemon, i.e.

systemctl restart bumblebeed

(Refer to Debian Bug 717687 for a brief explanation.)

- If optirun returns the following error:

[ERROR]Cannot access secondary GPU - error: [XORG] (EE) No devices detected

You may have to set the BusID manually, in /etc/bumblebee/xorg.conf.nvidia. To get the BusID, run lspci | egrep 'VGA|3D' in a terminal. Refer to the comments in that file for further instructions.

- If optirun returns the following error (756522):

[ERROR]Cannot access secondary GPU - error: [XORG] (EE) /dev/dri/card0: failed to set DRM interface version 1.4: Permission denied

You have to append the following section to /etc/bumblebee/xorg.conf.nvidia:

Section "Screen"
    Identifier "Default Screen"
    Device "DiscreteNvidia"
EndSection

You might also try downgrading libdrm from 2.4.58 to 2.4.56. That might fix the Permission denied errors in Jessie.

- If optirun errors out and dmesg reports that your GPU has "fallen off the bus" on Linux >= 3.10, either stick with an older kernel version (<= 3.9), or add rcutree.rcu_idle_gp_delay=1 to your grub command line (in /etc/default/grub, then run update-grub and reboot) as a workaround.

This is a known problem upstream and suspected to be an issue with the proprietary nvidia driver. Refer to Bumblebee github issue #455.

- If optirun returns the following error: [ERROR]Cannot access secondary GPU - error: Could not enable discrete graphics card and dmesg states: Refused to change power state, currently in D3, you have probably issue with ACPI (encountered on Dell laptops). One solution is to prevent nvidia card to go to failed sleep state. Set PMMethod=none in /etc/bumblebee/bumblebee.conf. To keep the powersaving capabilities, you can try to tweak kernel parameters as noted below for Dell XPS 15 in bumblebee github link and here issue #140.

- If your laptop locks up during boot when starting the graphical display you may need to add a kernel parameter to set acpi_osi="!Windows 2015" or some variant. This is a known ACPI problem with 2017 Dell XPS 15 and others. Refer to Bumblebee github issue #764.

- If your laptop freezes during boot in Debian Buster whuke starting the graphical display, you may try a workaround where you force the Bumblebee service to start after the display manager issue #1036

References


CategoryHardware