Crosstoolchain documentation is now collected on CrossToolchains
Building a Cross Compiler
Very few people need to build a cross-toolchain. It is a complicated business and unless you are doing something really quite obscure you should just install a suitable apt-able toolchain.
We'll say that again: MOST PEOPLE SHOULDN'T BE BUILDING THEIR OWN CROSS-TOOLCHAIN - THEY SHOULD JUST INSTALL A PRE-BUILT ONE LIKE ANY OTHER PACKAGE.
But there are reasons why you might need to do this.
I really do want to build a cross compiler
Pick the most relevant heading from the list below.
I want a combination of BUILD x HOST not in Debian on unstable
If HOST is a debian release architecture then this is fairly straightforward:
- Install the cross-gcc-dev binary package
Generate a cross-gcc-<ver>-<arch> source package
- Build it
apt-get install cross-gcc-dev TARGET_LIST=<hostarch> gensource
Fill in your own <hostarch> above. You will need sbuild 0.64.3 or later installed, and a suitable chroot or build env for the target suite.
A more manual build, probably best done in a chroot, could be
cd packages/cross-gcc-4.9-<hostarch> dpkg --add-architecture <hostarch> apt-get update <install build-deps> dpkg-buildpackage
(This essentially automates the procedure described on MultiarchCrossToolchainBuild).
If HOST is not a debian release architecture (debian-ports architecture or a new arch), then it may be much harder because you need to do a full bootstrap. cross-toolchain-base packages exist in Ubuntu for this for some architectures, but the procedure is broken in Debian at the time of writing (Nov 2014) so you'll need to fiddle with patches.
I want the very latest arm support
Linaro's cross-toolchains (tarball install, sadly) are very up to date with patches and support, and may well be useful. But they are supplied as a binary tarball, not as debian packages.
I want toolchain packages for wheezy
The packages on emdebian.org aimed at wheezy have been uninstallable for a long time. Install buildcross from experimental and use that to build your own.
<some instructions here would be helpful>